初试 Entity Framework Core 的多对多映射

今天在博问中看到一个关于 EF Core 的提问 ef core 2.0 多对多查询的问题,由于还没使用过 EF Core 的多对多映射,于是参考 EF Core 帮助文档快速写了个 .net core 控制台程序(基于 EF Core In-Memory Database)实验了一下。

实体类的定义:

1)Post

public class Post
{
    public int PostId { get; set; }
    public string Title { get; set; }
    public string Content { get; set; }

    public List<PostTag> PostTags { get; set; }
}

2)Tag

public class Tag
{
    public int TagId { get; set; }
    public string TagName { get; set; }

    public List<PostTag> PostTags { get; set; }
}

3)PostTag

public class PostTag
{
    public int PostId { get; set; }
    public Post Post { get; set; }

    public int TagId { get; set; }
    public Tag Tag { get; set; }
}

DbContext 的定义与映射配置:

public class MyDbContext : DbContext
{
    public DbSet<Post> Posts { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Tag> Tags { get; set; }

    public MyDbContext(DbContextOptions<MyDbContext> options)
        : base(options)
    { }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        modelBuilder.Entity<PostTag>()
            .HasKey(t => new { t.PostId, t.TagId });

        modelBuilder.Entity<PostTag>()
            .HasOne(pt => pt.Post)
            .WithMany(p => p.PostTags)
            .HasForeignKey(pt => pt.PostId);

        modelBuilder.Entity<PostTag>()
            .HasOne(pt => pt.Tag)
            .WithMany(t => t.PostTags)
            .HasForeignKey(pt => pt.TagId);
    }
}

控制台程序 Main 方法:

class Program
{
    static async Task Main(string[] args)
    {
        IServiceCollection services = new ServiceCollection();
        services.AddDbContext<MyDbContext>(options =>
        {
            options.UseInMemoryDatabase("blog_sample");
        });

        IServiceProvider sp = services.BuildServiceProvider();

        var writeDbContext = sp.GetService<MyDbContext>();

        var tag = new Tag
        {
            TagName = "efcore"
        };

        var post = new Post
        {
            Title = "test title",
            Content = "test body"
        };

        var postTag = new PostTag
        {
            Tag = tag,
            Post = post
        };

        writeDbContext.Add(postTag);
        writeDbContext.SaveChanges();

        var readDbContext = sp.GetService<MyDbContext>();
        var queryPost = await readDbContext.Posts
            .Include(p => p.PostTags)
            .ThenInclude(pt => pt.Tag)
            .FirstOrDefaultAsync();
        Console.WriteLine(queryPost.PostTags[0].Tag.TagName);
    }
}

查询时需要使用 ThenInclude ,但这里使用 ThenInclude 时 VS2017 的智能感知有个bug ,pt.Tag 感知不出来,详见 Include->ThenInclude for a collection 。

如果使用 SQL Server ,会生成下面的 SQL 语句:

SELECT TOP(1) [p].[PostId], [p].[Content], [p].[Title]
FROM [Posts] AS [p]
ORDER BY [p].[PostId]
SELECT [p.PostTags].[PostId], [p.PostTags].[TagId], [p.Tag].[TagId], [p.Tag].[TagName]
FROM [PostTag] AS [p.PostTags]
INNER JOIN [Tags] AS [p.Tag] ON [p.PostTags].[TagId] = [p.Tag].[TagId]
INNER JOIN (
    SELECT TOP(1) [p0].[PostId]
    FROM [Posts] AS [p0]
    ORDER BY [p0].[PostId]
) AS [t] ON [p.PostTags].[PostId] = [t].[PostId]
ORDER BY [t].[PostId]
posted @ 2018-01-27 22:55 dudu 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏