tokudb引擎安装-2

 前言:因为现在tokuDB直接整合到Percona server里面了,下载页面直接跳转到下载Percona Server 页面了。安装方法跟以前不一样了,下面就来看一下新版本怎么安装了

 ##准备阶段就不说了,

 #首先配置文件不能先有tokudb相关配置,因为默认是没有启用这个引擎,所以得初始化安装成功之后,启动MySQL之后才能安装该引擎。

[root@node12 mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/mydata/3306/data --defaults-file=/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf

Installing MySQL system tables...2016-07-21 20:52:39 0 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld (mysqld 5.6.31-77.0-log) starting as process 2173 ...

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 1.0G

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB:  Percona XtraDB (http://www.percona.com) 5.6.31-rel77.0 started; log sequence number 1600607

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [ERROR] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: unknown variable 'tokudb-data-dir=/mydata/3306/tokudbData'

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [ERROR] Aborting

 

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] Binlog end

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.

2016-07-21 20:52:39 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...

2016-07-21 20:52:41 2173 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1600617

2016-07-21 20:52:41 2173 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: Shutdown complete

看到没有,直接报错了。未知参数。注释tukodb相关选项。再次初始化 

 ###

初始化MySQL,并启动成功之后,才开始安装

[root@node12 mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysql start

Starting MySQL (Percona Server)...                         [  OK  ]

[root@node12 mysql]# mysql

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 1

Server version: 5.6.31-77.0-log Percona Server (GPL), Release 77.0, Revision 5c1061c

 

Copyright (c) 2009-2016 Percona LLC and/or its affiliates

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

 

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

 

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

 

mysql>

mysql>

mysql> \q

Bye

##注意要关闭selinux,不然安装不成功

[root@node12 bin]# ps_tokudb_admin --enable -uroot -p

Enter password:

Continuing without password...

 

 

Checking SELinux status...

ERROR: SELinux is in enforcing mode and needs to be disabled (or put into permissive mode) for TokuDB to work correctly.

 

[root@node12 bin]# vim /etc/selinux/config

[root@node12 bin]# setenforce 0

[root@node12 bin]# getenforce

Permissive

###再次安装

[root@node12 bin]# ps_tokudb_admin --enable -uroot -p

Enter password:

Continuing without password...

 

 

Checking SELinux status...

INFO: SELinux is in permissive mode.

 

Checking if Percona Server is running with jemalloc enabled...

INFO: Percona Server is running with jemalloc enabled.

 

Checking transparent huge pages status on the system...

INFO: Transparent huge pages are currently disabled on the system.

 

Checking if thp-setting=never option is already set in config file...

INFO: Option thp-setting=never is not set in the config file.

      (needed only if THP is not disabled permanently on the system)

 

Checking TokuDB engine plugin status...

INFO: TokuDB engine plugin is not installed.

 

Adding thp-setting=never option into /etc/my.cnf

INFO: Successfully added thp-setting=never option into /etc/my.cnf

 

Installing TokuDB engine...

INFO: Successfully installed TokuDB engine plugin.

 

###因为我这个是Oracle的系统,默认就关闭了透明大页,红帽子和centos系统要关闭透明大页

 echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled 

 echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag 

 echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/redhat_transparent_hugepage/enabled 
 echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/redhat_transparent_hugepage/defrag 

并写到开启启动里面

[root@node12 bin]# mysql

mysql> show engines;

+--------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+

| Engine             | Support | Comment                                                                    | Transactions | XA   | Savepoints |

+--------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+

| CSV                | YES     | CSV storage engine                                                         | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| MRG_MYISAM         | YES     | Collection of identical MyISAM tables                                      | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| MyISAM             | YES     | MyISAM storage engine                                                      | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| BLACKHOLE          | YES     | /dev/null storage engine (anything you write to it disappears)             | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| MEMORY             | YES     | Hash based, stored in memory, useful for temporary tables                  | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| TokuDB             | YES     | Percona TokuDB Storage Engine with Fractal Tree(tm) Technology             | YES          | YES  | YES        |

| FEDERATED          | NO      | Federated MySQL storage engine                                             | NULL         | NULL | NULL       |

| ARCHIVE            | YES     | Archive storage engine                                                     | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA | YES     | Performance Schema                                                         | NO           | NO   | NO         |

| InnoDB             | DEFAULT | Percona-XtraDB, Supports transactions, row-level locking, and foreign keys | YES          | YES  | YES        |

+--------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+

10 rows in set (0.00 sec)

 

mysql>

 ###关闭MySQL,加上自定义配置

####加上配置文件

如果你要自定义tukodb目录,你要把刚才安装命令的文件拷贝相应目录里面,不然会报错

2016-07-21 21:05:32 0 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld (mysqld 5.6.31-77.0-log) starting as process 3641 ...

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 1.0G

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] InnoDB:  Percona XtraDB (http://www.percona.com) 5.6.31-rel77.0 started; log sequence number 1626017

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [ERROR] TokuDB: Recovery log is missing (persistent environment information is present) while looking for recovery log files in [/mydata/3306/tokudbLog]

 

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [ERROR] TokuDB unknown error 2

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [ERROR] Plugin 'TokuDB' init function returned error.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [ERROR] Plugin 'TokuDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] RSA private key file not found: /mydata/3306/data//private_key.pem. Some authentication plugins will not work.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] RSA public key file not found: /mydata/3306/data//public_key.pem. Some authentication plugins will not work.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '*'; port: 3306

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] IPv6 is available.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note]   - '::' resolves to '::';

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '::'.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Warning] 'user' entry 'root@node12' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Warning] 'user' entry '@node12' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Warning] 'proxies_priv' entry '@ root@node12' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] Event Scheduler: Loaded 0 events

2016-07-21 21:05:32 3641 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: ready for connections.

Version: '5.6.31-77.0-log'  socket: '/mydata/3306/run/mysql.sock'  port: 3306  Percona Server (GPL), Release 77.0, Revision 5c1061c

#

添加配置文件

tokudb-data-dir = /mydata/3306/tokudbData

tokudb-log-dir = /mydata/3306/tokudbLog  

#TokuDB的行模式,建议用 FAST ,如果磁盘空间很紧张,建议用 SMALL

#tokudb_default: 设置默认的压缩行为。在 TokuDB 7.1.0版本,默认使用zlib 库进行压缩,未来版本可能会改变。

#tokudb_fast: 使用quicklz 库的压缩模式。

#tokudb_small: 使用 lzma 库的压缩模式。

#tokudb_zlib: 使用 zlib 库的压缩模式,提供了中等级别的压缩比和中等级别的CPU消耗。

#tokudb_quicklz: 使用 quicklz 库的压缩模式, 提供了轻量级的压缩比和较低基本的CPU消耗。

#tokudb_lzma: 使用lzma库压缩模式,提供了高压缩比和高CPU消耗。

#tokudb_uncompressed: 不使用压缩模式。

#tokudb_row_format = tokudb_small

tokudb_row_format = tokudb_fast

tokudb_cache_size = 1G ###建议内存的一半

tokudb_commit_sync = 0

tokudb_directio = 1

tokudb_read_block_size = 128K

tokudb_read_buf_size = 128K 

optimizer_switch = 'mrr=on,mrr_cost_based=off'

[mysqld_safe]

log_error=/mydata/3306/logs/error.log

pid_file=/mydata/3306/run/mysqld.pid  

malloc-lib= /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql/libjemalloc.so

user=mysql

plugin-dir = /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql/plugin/

plugin-load=ha_tokudb.so

 

##

移动tokudb文件到相应目录

[root@node12 ~]#mkdir -p /mydata/3306/{tokudbData,tokudbLog}

[root@node12 ~]#chown -R mysql.mysql  /mydata/3306/

 

[root@node12 data]# mv __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_data /mydata/3306/tokudbData/

[root@node12 data]# mv __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_temp /mydata/3306/tokudbData/

[root@node12 data]# mv __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_environment /mydata/3306/tokudbData/

 

 #log目录

[root@node12 data]# mv __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_logs /mydata/3306/tokudbData/

[root@node12 data]# mv __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_recovery /mydata/3306/tokudbData/

[root@node12 data]# mv tokudb.rollback /mydata/3306/tokudbLog/

[root@node12 tokudbLog]# ll

total 16

-rw-------. 1 mysql mysql     0 Jul 21 21:05 __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_logs

-rw-------. 1 mysql mysql     0 Jul 21 21:05 __tokudb_lock_dont_delete_me_recovery

-rw-rw----. 1 mysql mysql 16384 Jul 21 21:02 tokudb.rollback

 ###重启MySQL

[root@node12 data]#mysql

mysql> show global variables like '%toku%';

+-----------------------------------------+-------------------------+

| Variable_name                           | Value                   |

+-----------------------------------------+-------------------------+

| tokudb_alter_print_error                | OFF                     |

| tokudb_analyze_delete_fraction          | 1.000000                |

| tokudb_analyze_in_background            | OFF                     |

| tokudb_analyze_mode                     | TOKUDB_ANALYZE_STANDARD |

| tokudb_analyze_throttle                 | 0                       |

| tokudb_analyze_time                     | 5                       |

| tokudb_auto_analyze                     | 0                       |

| tokudb_block_size                       | 4194304                 |

| tokudb_bulk_fetch                       | ON                      |

| tokudb_cache_size                       | 1073741824              |

| tokudb_cachetable_pool_threads          | 0                       |

| tokudb_cardinality_scale_percent        | 50                      |

| tokudb_check_jemalloc                   | ON                      |

| tokudb_checkpoint_lock                  | OFF                     |

| tokudb_checkpoint_on_flush_logs         | OFF                     |

| tokudb_checkpoint_pool_threads          | 0                       |

| tokudb_checkpointing_period             | 60                      |

| tokudb_cleaner_iterations               | 5                       |

| tokudb_cleaner_period                   | 1                       |

| tokudb_client_pool_threads              | 0                       |

| tokudb_commit_sync                      | OFF                     |

| tokudb_compress_buffers_before_eviction | ON                      |

| tokudb_create_index_online              | ON                      |

| tokudb_data_dir                         | /mydata/3306/tokudbData |

| tokudb_debug                            | 0                       |

| tokudb_directio                         | ON                      |

| tokudb_disable_hot_alter                | OFF                     |

| tokudb_disable_prefetching              | OFF                     |

| tokudb_disable_slow_alter               | OFF                     |

| tokudb_disable_slow_update              | OFF                     |

| tokudb_disable_slow_upsert              | OFF                     |

| tokudb_empty_scan                       | rl                      |

| tokudb_enable_partial_eviction          | ON                      |

| tokudb_fanout                           | 16                      |

| tokudb_fs_reserve_percent               | 5                       |

| tokudb_fsync_log_period                 | 0                       |

| tokudb_hide_default_row_format          | ON                      |

| tokudb_killed_time                      | 4000                    |

| tokudb_last_lock_timeout                |                         |

| tokudb_load_save_space                  | ON                      |

| tokudb_loader_memory_size               | 100000000               |

| tokudb_lock_timeout                     | 4000                    |

| tokudb_lock_timeout_debug               | 1                       |

| tokudb_log_dir                          | /mydata/3306/tokudbLog  |

| tokudb_max_lock_memory                  | 134217728               |

| tokudb_optimize_index_fraction          | 1.000000                |

| tokudb_optimize_index_name              |                         |

| tokudb_optimize_throttle                | 0                       |

| tokudb_pk_insert_mode                   | 1                       |

| tokudb_prelock_empty                    | ON                      |

| tokudb_read_block_size                  | 131072                  |

| tokudb_read_buf_size                    | 131072                  |

| tokudb_read_status_frequency            | 10000                   |

| tokudb_row_format                       | tokudb_fast             |

| tokudb_rpl_check_readonly               | ON                      |

| tokudb_rpl_lookup_rows                  | ON                      |

| tokudb_rpl_lookup_rows_delay            | 0                       |

| tokudb_rpl_unique_checks                | ON                      |

| tokudb_rpl_unique_checks_delay          | 0                       |

| tokudb_strip_frm_data                   | OFF                     |

| tokudb_support_xa                       | ON                      |

| tokudb_tmp_dir                          |                         |

| tokudb_version                          | 5.6.31-77.0             |

| tokudb_write_status_frequency           | 1000                    |

+-----------------------------------------+-------------------------+

64 rows in set (0.00 sec)

 

mysql> use test;

Database changed

mysql> create table test1 ( id int not null primary key , c_name char(10) not null) engine=tokudb;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

 

mysql>

posted @ 2016-07-25 16:37 文采飞扬 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏