python3 下列表与字典转换

在写爬虫的时候,经常需要处理cookie,requests库里的cookie是dict,但是headers['cookie']却是一个key=value的字符串。

下面是几个用推导式实现的转换函数,供大家参考。

#coding=utf-8
#create by :joshua zou 
#create date :2018.5

import logging

#key=value列表转换成cookie字典
def cookie_list_2_dict(cookli):
    if not isinstance(cookli,list): 
        logging.error('error list param...')
        return {}
    
    return {item.split('=')[0]:item.split('=')[1] for item in cookli}

#heads['cookie']字符串转换成cookie字典
def cookie_str_2_dict(cookstr):
    if not isinstance(cookstr,str):
        logging.error('error str param...')
        return {}
    
    cookstr = cookstr.split(';')
    return cookie_list_2_dict(cookstr)

#cookie字典转换成key=value列表
def cookie_dict_2_list(cookdi):
    if not isinstance(cookdi,dict):
        logging.error('error dict param...')
        return []
    cookli = ["%s=%s" %(key,value) for key,value in cookdi.items()]
    return cookli

#cookie字典转换成heads['cookie']字符串
def cookie_dict_2_str(cookdi):
    if not isinstance(cookdi,dict):
        logging.error('error dict param...')
        return ""
    cookli = cookie_dict_2_list(cookdi)
    return ';'.join(cookli)


if __name__=='__main__':
    cookies = {'AST': '1525005900068b4106e25d4', '___bz': '708632|41171989|2b7718|aladin2_freexx', 'platform': 'H5'}
    cookli = cookie_dict_2_list(cookies)    
    cookstr = cookie_dict_2_str(cookies)
    print('cook list',cookli)
    print('cook str',cookstr)
    
    cookdi1 = cookie_str_2_dict(cookstr)
    cookdi2= cookie_list_2_dict(cookli)
    print('cook dict 1',cookdi1)
    print('cook dict 2',cookdi2)

输出结果:

cook list ['AST=1525005900068b4106e25d4', '___bz=708632|41171989|2b7718|aladin2_freexx', 'platform=H5']
cook str AST=1525005900068b4106e25d4;___bz=708632|41171989|2b7718|aladin2_freexx;platform=H5
cook dict 1 {'AST': '1525005900068b4106e25d4', '___bz': '708632|41171989|2b7718|aladin2_freexx', 'platform': 'H5'}
cook dict 2 {'AST': '1525005900068b4106e25d4', '___bz': '708632|41171989|2b7718|aladin2_freexx', 'platform': 'H5'}

 

以上。。。

posted @ 2018-04-30 10:09  黯然销魂掌2015  阅读(1318)  评论(0编辑  收藏

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