代码改变世界

mvc 截取上传图片做头像,自动生成不同小尺寸缩略图

2013-03-04 23:01  曾祥展  阅读(13240)  评论(33编辑  收藏

 

很多SNS网站,可以上传头像,微博也是一样,上传的头像经自由裁剪合适后,自动生成多种不同尺寸高质量清晰的,如大中小。

效果如下:(下载链接在最下面)

曾祥展-文件上传 个性头像

实现:

曾祥展-文件上传 个性头像

       页面代码:

<p class="phototxt">选择你要上传的头像</p>
      <div class="upfile">
        @using (Html.BeginForm("uploadHead", "ucenter", FormMethod.Post, new { ID = "user_head_form", enctype = "multipart/form-data" })){
                    <input type="file" name="head" class="filebtn" onchange="$('#user_head_upload_box').hide();$('#user_head_show_box').show();$('#user_head_form').submit();" />
                    <input type="button" class="upimgbtn" value="上传头像" />                        
                }
            </div>

 

        <div class="sysbtn">
            @using (Html.BeginForm("saveHead", "ucenter", FormMethod.Post, new { ID = "user_head_param_form", enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
            {
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.headFileName, new { id = "head_name" })
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.x, new { id = "head_x" })
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.y, new { id = "head_y" })
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.width, new { id = "head_width" })
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.height, new { id = "head_height" })                          
                <input type="submit" class="btnyes" value="保存">
                <input type="button" class="btnno" value="取消" onclick="cancelHead();">
            }
        </div>
 
 
section Scripts
{
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-1.7.1.min.js")"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.form.js")"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/imgareaselect/jquery.imgareaselect.pack.js")"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/head.js")"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/popup.js")"></script>


    <script type="text/javascript">

        $(document).ready(function () {
            $("#user_head_form").ajaxForm({
                success: function (data) {
                    $('#user_head_upload_box').show();
                    $('#user_head_show_box').hide();
                    if (data != undefined && data != null) {
                        if (data.msg == 0) {
                            showreward("<span class=\"g_error\">请上传图片!</span>");
                        } else if (data.msg == -1) {
                            showreward("<span class=\"g_error\">文件格式不对!</span>");
                        } else if (data.msg == -2) {
                            showreward("<span class=\"g_error\">上传图片不能超过10M!</span>");
                        } else if (data.msg == -3) {
                            showreward("<span class=\"g_error\">出现异常,请稍后再试!!</span>");
                        } else {
                            var path = "/avatar/temp/" + data.msg;
                            $("#head_name").val(data.msg);
                            UserHeadUtil.initialize(path);
                           
                        }
                    }
                }
            });
            $("#user_head_param_form").ajaxForm({
                success: function (data) {
                    if (data.msg == 0) {
                        showreward("<span class=\"g_error\">网络出现异常,请稍后再试!</span>");
                    } else if (data.msg == -1) {
                        showreward("<span class=\"g_error\">系统出现异常,请稍后再试!</span>");
                    } else {
                        showreward("<span class=\"g_ok\">修改成功!</span>");
                        $("img#origin_user_head_75").attr("src", "/avatar/75/" + data);
                        $("img#top_user_head_25").attr("src", "/avatar/25/" + data);
                        $('img#user_head_origin').imgAreaSelect({ remove: true });
                        $("#user_head_show_box").hide();
                        $("#user_head_upload_box").show();
                        $("#user_head_origin").attr({
                            "src": "/Content/img/upload.png",
                            "width": "100%",
                            "height": "100%"
                        });
                    }
                }
            });
        });

    </script>
}

后台代码:

        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult uploadHead(HttpPostedFileBase head)//命名和上传控件name 一样
        {
            try
            {
                if ((head == null))
                {
                    return Json(new { msg = 0 });
                }
                else
                {
                    var supportedTypes = new[] { "jpg", "jpeg", "png", "gif","bmp" };
                    var fileExt = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(head.FileName).Substring(1);
                    if (!supportedTypes.Contains(fileExt))
                    {
                        return Json(new { msg = -1 });
                    }

                    if (head.ContentLength > 1024 * 1000 * 10)
                    {
                        return Json(new { msg = -2 });
                    }

                    Random r = new Random();
                    var filename = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss") + r.Next(10000) + "." + fileExt;
                    var filepath = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/avatar/temp"), filename);
                    head.SaveAs(filepath);
                    return Json(new { msg = filename });
                }
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                return Json(new { msg = -3 });
            }
        }


注意:
  ajaxForm 提交时  ContentType 去掉这些属性就可以了  裸奔才行 不设置 application/json   或者 text/html
 
        [HttpPost]
        [ValidateInput(false)]
        public ActionResult saveHead()
        {
            UploadImageModel model = new UploadImageModel();
            model.headFileName = Request.Form["headFileName"].ToString();
            model.x = Convert.ToInt32(Request.Form["x"]);
            model.y = Convert.ToInt32(Request.Form["y"]);
            model.width = Convert.ToInt32(Request.Form["width"]);
            model.height = Convert.ToInt32(Request.Form["height"]);

            if ((model == null))
            {
                return Json(new { msg = 0 });
            }
            else
            {

                var filepath = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/avatar/temp"), model.headFileName);
                string fileExt = Path.GetExtension(filepath);
                Random r = new Random();
                var filename = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss") + r.Next(10000) + fileExt;
                var path180 = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/avatar/180"), filename);
                var path75 = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/avatar/75"), filename);
                var path50 = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/avatar/50"), filename);
                var path25 = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/avatar/25"), filename);
                cutAvatar(filepath, model.x, model.y, model.width, model.height, 75L, path180, 180);
                cutAvatar(filepath, model.x, model.y, model.width, model.height, 75L, path75, 75);
                cutAvatar(filepath, model.x, model.y, model.width, model.height, 75L, path50, 50);
                cutAvatar(filepath, model.x, model.y, model.width, model.height, 75L, path25, 25);
                return Json(new { msg = 1 });
            }




        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 创建缩略图
        /// </summary>
        public void cutAvatar(string imgSrc, int x, int y, int width, int height, long Quality, string SavePath, int t)
        {


            Image original = Image.FromFile(imgSrc);

            Bitmap img = new Bitmap(t, t, PixelFormat.Format24bppRgb);

            img.MakeTransparent(img.GetPixel(0, 0));
            img.SetResolution(72, 72);
            using (Graphics gr = Graphics.FromImage(img))
            {
                if (original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Jpeg) || original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Png)|| original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Bmp))
                {
                    gr.Clear(Color.Transparent);
                }
                if (original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Gif))
                {
                    gr.Clear(Color.White);
                }


                gr.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                gr.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
                gr.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
                gr.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
                gr.TextRenderingHint = System.Drawing.Text.TextRenderingHint.ClearTypeGridFit;
                using (var attribute = new System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageAttributes())
                {
                    attribute.SetWrapMode(WrapMode.TileFlipXY);
                    gr.DrawImage(original, new Rectangle(0, 0, t, t), x, y, width, height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel, attribute);
                }
            }
            ImageCodecInfo myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/jpeg");
            if (original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Jpeg))
            {
                myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/jpeg");
            }
            else
                if (original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Png))
                {
                    myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/png");
                }
                else
                    if (original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Gif))
                    {
                        myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/gif");
                    }else
            if (original.RawFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Bmp))
            {
                myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/bmp");
            }

            Encoder myEncoder = Encoder.Quality;
            EncoderParameters myEncoderParameters = new EncoderParameters(1);
            EncoderParameter myEncoderParameter = new EncoderParameter(myEncoder, Quality);
            myEncoderParameters.Param[0] = myEncoderParameter;
            img.Save(SavePath, myImageCodecInfo, myEncoderParameters);
        }

        //根据长宽自适应 按原图比例缩放 
        private static Size GetThumbnailSize(System.Drawing.Image original, int desiredWidth, int desiredHeight)
        {
            var widthScale = (double)desiredWidth / original.Width;
            var heightScale = (double)desiredHeight / original.Height;
            var scale = widthScale < heightScale ? widthScale : heightScale;
            return new Size
            {
                Width = (int)(scale * original.Width),
                Height = (int)(scale * original.Height)
            };
        }
        private static ImageCodecInfo GetEncoderInfo(String mimeType)
        {
            int j;
            ImageCodecInfo[] encoders;
            encoders = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
            for (j = 0; j < encoders.Length; ++j)
            {
                if (encoders[j].MimeType == mimeType)
                    return encoders[j];
            }
            return null;
        }

    }

前端脚本:

//原图/缩略图 的比例 >=1
var UserHeadUtil = {
    ratio: 1,
    view_H:300,
    view_W:300,
    initialize:function(path){
        $("#user_head_origin").attr("src", path);
        $("#user_head_upload_box").hide();
        $("#user_head_show_box").show();
        
        $("#user_head_25").attr("src", path);
        $("#user_head_50").attr("src", path);
        $("#user_head_75").attr("src", path);
        $("#user_head_180").attr("src", path);
        var img = new Image();
        img.src = path;
        if(img.width==0){
            var obj = this;
            img.onload = function(){ 
                obj.imgOperate(img);
            };
        }else{
            this.imgOperate(img);
        }
    },
    imgOperate:function(img){
        if(img){
            this.resize('user_head_origin', img.width, img.height, 300, 300);
            var x=0,y=0,size=0;
            if(this.view_W > this.view_H ){
                x = (this.view_W - this.view_H)/2;
                size = this.view_H;
            }else if(this.view_W < this.view_H){
                y = (this.view_H - this.view_W)/2;
                size = this.view_W;
            }else{
                size = this.view_W;
            }
            var obj = this;
            $('img#user_head_origin').imgAreaSelect({
                aspectRatio:"1:1",
                handles: "corners",
                   persistent:true,
                   show:true,
                imageWidth: obj.view_W,
                imageHeight: obj.view_H,
                x1: x,
                y1: y,
                x2: x + size,
                y2: y + size,
                onSelectChange: function(img, selection){
                    obj.preview('user_head_25', obj.view_W, obj.view_H, selection.x1, selection.y1, selection.width, selection.height, 25, 25);
                    obj.preview('user_head_50', obj.view_W, obj.view_H, selection.x1, selection.y1, selection.width, selection.height, 50, 50);
                    obj.preview('user_head_75', obj.view_W, obj.view_H, selection.x1, selection.y1, selection.width, selection.height, 75, 75);
                    obj.preview('user_head_180', obj.view_W, obj.view_H, selection.x1, selection.y1, selection.width, selection.height, 180, 180);
                    obj.setCutParams(selection.x1, selection.y1, selection.width, selection.height);
                }
            });
            this.preview('user_head_25', this.view_W, this.view_H, x, y, size, size, 25, 25);
            this.preview('user_head_50', this.view_W, this.view_H, x, y, size, size, 50, 50);
            this.preview('user_head_75', this.view_W, this.view_H, x, y, size, size, 75, 75);
            this.preview('user_head_180', this.view_W, this.view_H, x, y, size, size, 180, 180);
            this.setCutParams(x, y, size, size);
        }
    },
    resize:function(id, width, height, limit_W, limit_H){
        if(width>0 && height>0){
            if(width/height >= limit_W/limit_H){
                if(width > limit_W){
                    this.view_W = limit_W;
                    this.view_H = (limit_W/width)*height;
                }
            }else{
                if(height > limit_H){
                    this.view_H = limit_H;
                    this.view_W = (limit_H/height)*width;
                }
            }
            
            $('#'+id).attr( {
                "width" : this.view_W,
                "height" : this.view_H
            });
            
            this.ratio = width / this.view_W;
        }
    },

    preview:function(id, width, height, x, y, cut_W, cut_H, show_W, show_H){
        var scaleX = show_W / (cut_W * this.ratio || 1);
        var scaleY = show_H / (cut_H * this.ratio || 1);
        $('#'+id).css({
            width: Math.round(scaleX * width * this.ratio) + 'px',
            height: Math.round(scaleY * height * this.ratio) + 'px',
            marginLeft: '-' + Math.round(scaleX * x * this.ratio) + 'px',
            marginTop: '-' + Math.round(scaleY * y * this.ratio) + 'px'
        }); 
    },
    setCutParams:function(x, y, width, height){
        $('#head_x').val(Math.round(x * this.ratio));
        $('#head_y').val(Math.round(y * this.ratio));
        $('#head_width').val(Math.round(width * this.ratio));
        $('#head_height').val(Math.round(height * this.ratio));
    }
};

function cancelHead(){
//    window.location.reload();
    $('img#user_head_origin').imgAreaSelect({ remove: true });
    $("#user_head_show_box").hide();
    $("#user_head_upload_box").show();
    $("#user_head_origin").attr({
        "src": "/Content/img/upload.png",
        "width" : "100%",
        "height" : "100%"
    });
    
    var path = $("img#origin_user_head_75").attr("src"); 
    var index = path.lastIndexOf("/");
    if(index!=-1){
        var name = path.substring(index+1);
        
        $("#user_head_25").attr("src", "/headphone/25/"+name).css({
            width: 25 + 'px',
            height: 25 + 'px',
            marginLeft: 0,
            marginTop: 0
        }); 
        $("#user_head_50").attr("src", "/headphone/50/" + name).css({
            width: 50 + 'px',
            height: 50 + 'px',
            marginLeft: 0,
            marginTop: 0
        }); 
        $("#user_head_75").attr("src", "/headphone/75/" + name).css({
            width: 75 + 'px',
            height: 75 + 'px',
            marginLeft: 0,
            marginTop: 0
        }); 
        $("#user_head_180").attr("src", "/headphone/180/" + name).css({
            width: 180 + 'px',
            height: 180 + 'px',
            marginLeft: 0,
            marginTop: 0
        }); 
    }
}

曾祥展-图片上传 截取 个性头像

下载地址:

CSDN: http://download.csdn.net/download/zengzhan/5109105

BAIDU share:http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=389586&uk=2735096069

更多关于多种文件上传,分类到这里 http://www.cnblogs.com/zengxiangzhan/category/269831.html

 

 

附加 update 2016-08-08

方案使用 Jcrop 2.0.x 更成熟

    <script src="js/Jcrop/Jcrop.min.js"></script>
    <link href="js/Jcrop/Jcrop.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />

高级使用方法

 var m, jcrop_api, r = 172 / 120;
        function addImgAreaSelect() {           
            $('.upload-pic-content').on('cropmove cropend', function (e, s, c) {     
                preview(s, c);
            });

            
            $('#user_head_origin').Jcrop({
                aspectRatio: r,
                minSize: [43, 30],
                boxWidth: 444,
                boxHeight: 320,
                setSelect: [0, 0, 0, 0]
            }, function () {
                jcrop_api = this;            
                init_interface();
             
            });
            function init_interface() {
                //c_w 压缩图片宽     xscale 原图片/压缩图片 比
                var i = jcrop_api.getContainerSize();
                c_w = Math.round(i[0]),
                c_h = Math.round(i[1]),             
                xscale = jcrop_api.opt.xscale,
                yscale = jcrop_api.opt.yscale,
                w = 0,
                h = 0,
                x = 0,
                y = 0,
                c_w >= Math.floor(c_h * r) ? (x = (c_w - c_h * r) * xscale / 2, h = c_h * yscale, w = Math.round(h * r)) : (y = (c_h - c_w / r) * yscale / 2, w = c_w * xscale, h = Math.round(w / r));
                jcrop_api.setSelect([x, y, w, h]);
            }
          
          

        }
        function jcropDestroy() {
            jcrop_api && jcrop_api.destroy()
        }
        function preview(s, c) {           
            if (!c.w || !c.h)
                return;
            var cw = (s.core.opt.xscale * s.core.container.width());
            var ch = (s.core.opt.yscale * s.core.container.height());          
            var scaleX = 172 / c.w;
            var scaleY = 120 / c.h;
            $('#user_head_150').css({
                width: Math.round(scaleX * cw),
                height: Math.round(scaleY * ch),
                marginLeft: -Math.round(scaleX * c.x),
                marginTop: -Math.round(scaleY * c.y)
            });
            $('#head_x').val(c.x);
            $('#head_y').val(c.y);
            $('#head_width').val(c.w);
            $('#head_height').val(c.h);
        }

 

类似微博九宫图最大化居中按比例缩略图

int sourceWidth = OriginalImage.Width;
            int sourceHeight = OriginalImage.Height;
            int destWidth = 0;
            int destHeight = 0;
            int destX = 0;
            int destY = 0;


            double o_scale = (double)sourceWidth / (double)sourceHeight;
            double scale = (double)Width / (double)Height;
            
            if (o_scale >= scale)
            {
                //原图长宽比大于或者等于缩略图长宽比,则按照宽度优先  (长>高)  

                destX = (int)Math.Ceiling((sourceWidth - sourceHeight * scale) / 2f);
                destWidth = (int)Math.Ceiling(sourceHeight * scale);
                destHeight = sourceHeight;
            }
            else
            {
                //原图长宽比小于缩略图长宽比,则按照高度优先 (长<=高)                

                destY = (int)Math.Ceiling((sourceHeight - sourceWidth / scale) / 2f);
                destWidth = sourceWidth;
                destHeight = (int)Math.Ceiling(sourceWidth / scale);

            }

 

更新 2017-11-29:

 

Touch not binded on repeat initializations when dynamically generated

解决:

function jcropDestroy() {
jcrop_api && jcrop_api.destroy();
$.Jcrop.component.DragState.prototype.touch = null;
}

 

 

 //修复  iPhone and/or Android 移动端 拍照 后 图片 横竖颠倒 

        /// <summary>
        /// Rotate the given bitmap according to Exif Orientation data
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="img">source image</param>
        /// <param name="updateExifData">set it to TRUE to update image Exif data after rotation (default is TRUE)</param>
        /// <returns>The RotateFlipType value corresponding to the applied rotation. If no rotation occurred, RotateFlipType.RotateNoneFlipNone will be returned.</returns>
        public static RotateFlipType RotateImageByExifOrientationData(Image img, bool updateExifData = true)
        {
            int orientationId = 0x0112;
            var fType = RotateFlipType.RotateNoneFlipNone;
            if (img.PropertyIdList.Contains(orientationId))
            {
                var pItem = img.GetPropertyItem(orientationId);
                fType = GetRotateFlipTypeByExifOrientationData(pItem.Value[0]);
                if (fType != RotateFlipType.RotateNoneFlipNone)
                {
                    img.RotateFlip(fType);
                    if (updateExifData) img.RemovePropertyItem(orientationId); // Remove Exif orientation tag
                }
            }
            return fType;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Return the proper System.Drawing.RotateFlipType according to given orientation EXIF metadata
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="orientation">Exif "Orientation"</param>
        /// <returns>the corresponding System.Drawing.RotateFlipType enum value</returns>
        public static RotateFlipType GetRotateFlipTypeByExifOrientationData(int orientation)
        {
            switch (orientation)
            {
                case 1:
                default:
                    return RotateFlipType.RotateNoneFlipNone;
                case 2:
                    return RotateFlipType.RotateNoneFlipX;
                case 3:
                    return RotateFlipType.Rotate180FlipNone;
                case 4:
                    return RotateFlipType.Rotate180FlipX;
                case 5:
                    return RotateFlipType.Rotate90FlipX;
                case 6:
                    return RotateFlipType.Rotate90FlipNone;
                case 7:
                    return RotateFlipType.Rotate270FlipX;
                case 8:
                    return RotateFlipType.Rotate270FlipNone;
            }
        }

用法:

 //修复  iPhone and/or Android 移动端 拍照 后 图片 横竖颠倒 
                RotateFlipType fType = RotateImageByExifOrientationData(img, true);
                if (fType != RotateFlipType.RotateNoneFlipNone)
                {
                    Thumbnail.SaveImg(img, path_original, img.Width, img.Height, 100L);
                }
                else
                {
                    Thumbnail.SaveImg(img, path_original, img.Width, img.Height, 100L);
                }