Openstack从入门到放弃

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云计算归档:

1.了解:

linux 网卡bond

2.KVM命令:

1.日常管理:

virsh list  
virsh list --all
virsh start centos7         #启动服务器
virsh shutdown centos7      #关机比较慢
virsh destroy centos7       #强制关机
virsh reboot centos7        #重启
virsh undefine centos7_1    #删除的是系统的配置文件
virsh define vm_centos7.xml  #导入配置文件
virsh edit centos7          #修改配置文件
virsh suspend web01         #挂起虚拟机
virsh resume web01          #恢复虚拟机
virsh vncdisplay web01      #查看服务器的端口号
virsh autostart web01       #开机自启动服务器
virsh autostart --disable web01     #取消开机启动
ll /etc/libvirt/qemu/autostart/     #开机启动软链接地址

#配置服务器console:
grubby --update-kernel=ALL --args="console=ttyS0,115200n8"
reboot  重启
virsh console web01     #console实现控制台登录

sysctl -a |grep ipv4|grep ip_forward    #开启内核转发参数
echo "net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
sysctl -p   #立即生效


qemu-img info test.qcow2        #查看虚拟磁盘的信息
qemu-img info /opt/web01.raw    #查看raw格式的磁盘
qemu-img create -f qcow2 test.qcow2 1G  #创建一块qcow2格式的虚拟磁盘
qemu-img resize test.qcow2 +2G      #扩容磁盘容量
time qemu-img convert -f raw -O qcow2 test.raw test.qcow2   #转换磁盘格式(raw-->qcow2)

2.快照管理:

virsh snapshot-create-as web02 --name clean_system  #创建快照
virsh snapshot-list web02   #查看快照
virsh snapshot-revert web02 --snapshotname clean_system #还原快照
virsh snapshot-delete web02 --snapshotname clean_system #删除快照

3.虚拟机克隆

4.1完整克隆
virt-clone --auto-clone -o web01 -n web02   
4.2手动完整克隆
cp web01.qcow2 web02.qcow2
virsh dumpxml web01 >web02.xml
vim web02.xml
#修改虚拟机的名字
#删除虚拟机uuid
#删除mac地址
#修改磁盘路径
virsh define web02.xml
virsh start web02
4.3链接克隆
qemu-img create -f qcow2 -b web02.qcow2 web03.qcow2 #生成虚拟机磁盘文件
virsh dumpxml web01 >/etc/libvirt/qemu/web03.xml    #生成配置文件
#修改虚拟机的名字
#删除虚拟机uuid
#删除mac地址
#修改磁盘路径
virsh define /etc/libvirt/qemu/web03.xml    #导入虚拟机
virsh start web03   #启动虚拟机
brctl show  #查看交换设备

4.桥接网卡

5.1创建桥接网卡
virsh iface-bridge eth0 br0
5.2取消桥接网卡
virsh iface-unbridge br0

5.热添加

6.1临时添硬盘
virsh attach-disk web01 /data/web01-add.qcow2 vdb --subdriver qcow2
6.2永久添加
virsh attach-disk web01 /data/web01-add.qcow2 vdb --subdriver qcow2 --config
6.3临时剥离硬盘
virsh detach-disk web01 vdb
6.4永久剥离硬盘
virsh detach-disk web01 vdb --config
6.5临时热添加内存
virsh setmem web04 1024M 
6.6永久增大内存 
virsh setmem web04 1024M --config
6.7调整虚拟机内存最大值
virsh setmaxmem web04 4G

6.热迁移

7.1临时迁移
virsh migrate --live --verbose web04 qemu+ssh://10.0.0.11/system --unsafe

7.2永久迁移
virsh migrate --live --verbose web03 qemu+ssh://10.0.0.100/system --unsafe --persistent --undefinesource

3.云技术基础架构服务平台搭建

3.1基础环境搭建:

1.准备两台内存为8G的服务器,以及挂载光盘镜像[都做]
1.1全部做hosts解析
10.0.0.11   controller
10.0.0.31   compute1

1.2挂载光盘
mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
echo "mount /dev/cdrom /mnt" >>/etc/rc.local 
chmod +x /etc/rc.local

2.搭建本地Yum仓库[都做]
[root@controller yum.repos.d]# cat openstack.repo 
[openstack]
name=openstack
baseurl=file:///opt/repo
gpgcheck=0

[local]
name=local
baseurl=file:///mnt
gpgcheck=0

3.时间同步
controller节点配置ntp服务端:
vim /etc/chrony.conf
allow 10.0.0.0/24

systemctl restart chronyd
systemctl enable chronyd

4.其他节点配置ntp客户端:
vim /etc/chrony.conf
server 10.0.0.11 iburst
systemctl restart chronyd

5.所有节点安装openstack客户端
yum install python-openstackclient -y

6.控制节点安装数据库并配置
yum install mariadb mariadb-server python2-PyMySQL -y

vi /etc/my.cnf.d/openstack.cnf
[mysqld]
bind-address = 10.0.0.11
default-storage-engine = innodb
innodb_file_per_table
max_connections = 4096
collation-server = utf8_general_ci
character-set-server = utf8

systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb

mysql_secure_installation
先回车,选择N,剩下的一路y

7.控制节点安装消息队列
yum install rabbitmq-server -y

systemctl start rabbitmq-server.service 
systemctl enable rabbitmq-server.service

rabbitmqctl add_user openstack RABBIT_PASS
rabbitmqctl set_permissions openstack ".*" ".*" ".*"

8.控制节点安装memcache并配置
yum install memcached python-memcached -y

vim /etc/sysconfig/memcached
OPTIONS="-l 0.0.0.0"

systemctl start memcached.service 
systemctl enable memcached.service

9.控制节点安装keystone服务
a:准备数据库
mysql>
CREATE DATABASE keystone;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'KEYSTONE_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'KEYSTONE_DBPASS';

b:安装keystone相关软件包
yum install openstack-keystone httpd mod_wsgi -y

c:配置keystone
vi  /etc/keystone/keystone.conf 
[DEFAULT]
admin_token = ADMIN_TOKEN
[assignment]
[auth]
[cache]
[catalog]
[cors]
[cors.subdomain]
[credential]
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://keystone:KEYSTONE_DBPASS@controller/keystone
[domain_config]
[endpoint_filter]
[endpoint_policy]
[eventlet_server]
[eventlet_server_ssl]
[federation]
[fernet_tokens]
[identity]
[identity_mapping]
[kvs]
[ldap]
[matchmaker_redis]
[memcache]
[oauth1]
[os_inherit]
[oslo_messaging_amqp]
[oslo_messaging_notifications]
[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
[oslo_middleware]
[oslo_policy]
[paste_deploy]
[policy]
[resource]
[revoke]
[role]
[saml]
[shadow_users]
[signing]
[ssl]
[token]
provider = fernet
[tokenless_auth]
[trust]

#MD5校验
[root@controller opt]# md5sum /etc/keystone/keystone.conf
d5acb3db852fe3f247f4f872b051b7a9  /etc/keystone/keystone.conf

d:同步数据库
su -s /bin/sh -c "keystone-manage db_sync" keystone

e:初始化fernet
keystone-manage fernet_setup --keystone-user keystone --keystone-group keystone

f:配置httpd
echo "ServerName controller" >>/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
echo 'Listen 5000
Listen 35357

<VirtualHost *:5000>
    WSGIDaemonProcess keystone-public processes=5 threads=1 user=keystone group=keystone display-name=%{GROUP}
    WSGIProcessGroup keystone-public
    WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/bin/keystone-wsgi-public
    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
    WSGIPassAuthorization On
    ErrorLogFormat "%{cu}t %M"
    ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-access.log combined

    <Directory /usr/bin>
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:35357>
    WSGIDaemonProcess keystone-admin processes=5 threads=1 user=keystone group=keystone display-name=%{GROUP}
    WSGIProcessGroup keystone-admin
    WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/bin/keystone-wsgi-admin
    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
    WSGIPassAuthorization On
    ErrorLogFormat "%{cu}t %M"
    ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-access.log combined

    <Directory /usr/bin>
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>' >/etc/httpd/conf.d/wsgi-keystone.conf

g:启动httpd
systemctl start httpd
systemctl enable httpd

h:初始化keystone
export OS_TOKEN=ADMIN_TOKEN
export OS_URL=http://controller:35357/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3

###千万不能重复!!!
openstack service create --name keystone --description "OpenStack Identity" identity
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne  identity public http://controller:5000/v3
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne  identity internal http://controller:5000/v3
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne  identity admin http://controller:35357/v3

##创建域,项目,用户,角色
openstack domain create --description "Default Domain" default
openstack project create --domain default --description "Admin Project" admin
openstack user create --domain default  --password ADMIN_PASS admin
openstack role create admin
openstack role add --project admin --user admin admin

openstack project create --domain default --description "Service Project" service

unset OS_TOKEN OS_URL 

export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=admin
export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=ADMIN_PASS
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller:35357/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2

#验证keystone服务是否正常
openstack token issue

3.2控制节点安装glance镜像服务

openstack服务安装通用步骤
a:mysql中创库授权
b:在keystone创建系统账号,并关联角色
c:在keystone上创建服务名称,注册api
d:安装相关软件包
e:修改配置文件
f:同步数据(创表)
g:启动服务
h:验证

1.在控制节点安装glance镜像服务
a:mysql中创库授权
CREATE DATABASE glance;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'GLANCE_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'GLANCE_DBPASS';

b:在keystone创建系统账号,并关联角色
openstack user create --domain default --password GLANCE_PASS glance
openstack role add --project service --user glance admin

c:在keystone上创建服务名称,注册api
openstack service create --name glance  --description "OpenStack Image" image
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne  image public http://controller:9292
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne  image internal http://controller:9292
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne  image admin http://controller:9292

d:安装相关软件包
yum install openstack-glance -y

e:修改配置文件
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  database  connection  mysql+pymysql://glance:GLANCE_DBPASS@controller/glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  glance_store stores  file,http
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  glance_store default_store  file
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  glance_store filesystem_store_datadir  /var/lib/glance/images/
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken username  glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  keystone_authtoken password  GLANCE_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  paste_deploy flavor  keystone

#cat glance-registry.conf >/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf 
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  database  connection  mysql+pymysql://glance:GLANCE_DBPASS@controller/glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken username  glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  keystone_authtoken password  GLANCE_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  paste_deploy flavor  keystone

f:同步数据(创表)
su -s /bin/sh -c "glance-manage db_sync" glance

g:启动服务
systemctl enable openstack-glance-api.service  openstack-glance-registry.service
systemctl start openstack-glance-api.service  openstack-glance-registry.service

h:验证
#上传cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img到当前目录
#上传镜像
openstack image create "cirros"   --file cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img   --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare   --public
#检查上传结果
openstack image list

3.3控制节点安装nova计算服务控制端

a:mysql中创库授权
CREATE DATABASE nova_api;
CREATE DATABASE nova;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova_api.* TO 'nova'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'NOVA_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova_api.* TO 'nova'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'NOVA_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova.* TO 'nova'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'NOVA_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova.* TO 'nova'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'NOVA_DBPASS';

b:在keystone创建系统账号,并关联角色
openstack user create --domain default  --password NOVA_PASS nova
openstack role add --project service --user nova admin

c:在keystone上创建服务名称,注册api
openstack service create --name nova \
  --description "OpenStack Compute" compute
 openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne \
  compute public http://controller:8774/v2.1/%\(tenant_id\)s
 openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne \
  compute internal http://controller:8774/v2.1/%\(tenant_id\)s
 openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne \
  compute admin http://controller:8774/v2.1/%\(tenant_id\)s

d:安装相关软件包
yum install openstack-nova-api openstack-nova-conductor \
  openstack-nova-console openstack-nova-novncproxy \
  openstack-nova-scheduler -y

e:修改配置文件
cp /etc/nova/nova.conf{,.bak}
grep -Ev '^$You can't use 'macro parameter character #' in math mode|#' /etc/nova/nova.conf.bak >/etc/nova/nova.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT enabled_apis  osapi_compute,metadata
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT my_ip  10.0.0.11
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT use_neutron  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT firewall_driver  nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  api_database connection  mysql+pymysql://nova:NOVA_DBPASS@controller/nova_api
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  database  connection  mysql+pymysql://nova:NOVA_DBPASS@controller/nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  glance api_servers  http://controller:9292
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  username  nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  password  NOVA_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_concurrency lock_path  /var/lib/nova/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  libvirt  virt_type  qemu
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  libvirt  cpu_mode  none
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc enabled  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc vncserver_listen  0.0.0.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc vncserver_proxyclient_address  '$my_ip'
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc novncproxy_base_url  http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron url  http://controller:9696
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron region_name  RegionOne
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron username  neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron password  NEUTRON_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron service_metadata_proxy  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron metadata_proxy_shared_secret  METADATA_SECRET

f:同步数据(创表)
su -s /bin/sh -c "nova-manage api_db sync" nova
su -s /bin/sh -c "nova-manage db sync" nova

g:启动服务
systemctl enable openstack-nova-api.service \
  openstack-nova-consoleauth.service openstack-nova-scheduler.service \
  openstack-nova-conductor.service openstack-nova-novncproxy.service
systemctl start openstack-nova-api.service \
  openstack-nova-consoleauth.service openstack-nova-scheduler.service \
  openstack-nova-conductor.service openstack-nova-novncproxy.service

h:控制节点验证
openstack compute service list

3.4计算节点安装nova计算服务agent端

a:安装软件
yum install openstack-nova-compute -y

b:修改配置文件
yum install openstack-utils -y
cp /etc/nova/nova.conf{,.bak}
grep '^[a-Z\[]' /etc/nova/nova.conf.bak >/etc/nova/nova.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT my_ip  10.0.0.31
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT use_neutron  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT firewall_driver  nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  glance api_servers  http://controller:9292
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  username  nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  password  NOVA_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_concurrency lock_path  /var/lib/nova/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc enabled  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc vncserver_listen  0.0.0.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc vncserver_proxyclient_address  '$my_ip'
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc novncproxy_base_url  http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html

c:启动
systemctl start libvirtd
systemctl enable libvirtd
systemctl start openstack-nova-compute
systemctl enable openstack-nova-compute

d:控制节点验证
openstack compute service list

3.5控制节点安装neutron网络服务

a:mysql中创库授权
CREATE DATABASE neutron;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'NEUTRON_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'NEUTRON_DBPASS';

b:在keystone创建系统账号,并关联角色
openstack user create --domain default --password NEUTRON_PASS neutron
openstack role add --project service --user neutron admin

c:在keystone上创建服务名称,注册api
openstack service create --name neutron --description "OpenStack Networking" network
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne network public http://controller:9696
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne network internal http://controller:9696
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne network admin http://controller:9696

d:安装相关软件包
yum install openstack-neutron openstack-neutron-ml2 \
  openstack-neutron-linuxbridge ebtables -y

e:修改配置文件
cp /etc/neutron/neutron.conf{,.bak} 
grep -Ev '^$|#' /etc/neutron/neutron.conf.bak >/etc/neutron/neutron.conf

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT core_plugin  ml2
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT service_plugins
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT notify_nova_on_port_status_changes  True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT notify_nova_on_port_data_changes  True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  database connection  mysql+pymysql://neutron:NEUTRON_DBPASS@controller/neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken username  neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken password  NEUTRON_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova auth_type  password 
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova region_name  RegionOne
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova username  nova
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  nova password  NOVA_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_concurrency lock_path  /var/lib/neutron/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS
#cat ml2_conf.ini >/etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini 
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini  ml2 type_drivers  flat,vlan
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini  ml2 tenant_network_types 
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini  ml2 mechanism_drivers  linuxbridge
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini  ml2 extension_drivers  port_security
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini  ml2_type_flat flat_networks  provider
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini  securitygroup enable_ipset  True
#cat linuxbridge_agent.ini >/etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini 
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  linux_bridge physical_interface_mappings  provider:eth0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  securitygroup enable_security_group  True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  securitygroup firewall_driver  neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  vxlan enable_vxlan  False
#cat dhcp_agent.ini >/etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini 
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini  DEFAULT interface_driver neutron.agent.linux.interface.BridgeInterfaceDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini  DEFAULT dhcp_driver neutron.agent.linux.dhcp.Dnsmasq
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini  DEFAULT enable_isolated_metadata true
#cat metadata_agent.ini >/etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini 
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT nova_metadata_ip  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT metadata_proxy_shared_secret  METADATA_SECRET

f:同步数据(创表)
ln -s /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini /etc/neutron/plugin.ini
su -s /bin/sh -c "neutron-db-manage --config-file /etc/neutron/neutron.conf \
  --config-file /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini upgrade head" neutron

g:启动服务
systemctl restart openstack-nova-api.service
systemctl enable neutron-server.service \
  neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service neutron-dhcp-agent.service \
  neutron-metadata-agent.service
systemctl start neutron-server.service \
  neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service neutron-dhcp-agent.service \
  neutron-metadata-agent.service

h:验证

3.6计算节点安装neutron网络服务

a:安装
yum install openstack-neutron-linuxbridge ebtables ipset -y
b:配置
cp /etc/neutron/neutron.conf{,.bak}
grep '^[a-Z\[]' /etc/neutron/neutron.conf.bak >/etc/neutron/neutron.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken username  neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken password  NEUTRON_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_concurrency lock_path  /var/lib/neutron/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS
#配置linuxbridge_agent.ini
cp /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini{,.bak}
grep '^[a-Z\[]' /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini.bak >/etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  linux_bridge physical_interface_mappings  provider:eth0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  securitygroup enable_security_group  True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  securitygroup firewall_driver  neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  vxlan enable_vxlan  False
#配置nova.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron url  http://controller:9696
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron region_name  RegionOne
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron username  neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron password  NEUTRON_PASS

c:启动
systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute.service
systemctl enable neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service
systemctl start neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service

d:控制节点验证
neutron agent-list

3.7在计算节点上安装dashboard服务

a:安装
yum install openstack-dashboard -y
b:配置
#上传local_settings文件
cat local_settings >/etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings
c:启动
systemctl enable httpd.service
systemctl start httpd.service

#控制节点创建网络
neutron net-create --shared --provider:physical_network provider --provider:network_type flat WAN
neutron subnet-create --name subnet-wan --allocation-pool \
start=10.0.0.100,end=10.0.0.200 --dns-nameserver 223.5.5.5 \
--gateway 10.0.0.254 WAN 10.0.0.0/24
#控制节点创建硬件配置方案
openstack flavor create --id 0 --vcpus 1 --ram 64 --disk 1 m1.nano

3.8增加一个计算节点 compute2--->ip:10.0.0.32

增加计算节点:
安装openstack客户端
noca-compute 控制Libvirt创建虚拟机
neutron-linuxbridge-agent
hosts劫持
10.0.0.11    controller
1:配置yum源
将rpm包和yum源拷贝至32这台服务器
挂载光盘

[root@compute2 ~]# echo 'mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/' >>/etc/rc.local 
[root@compute2 ~]# chmod +x /etc/rc.local 

2: 时间同步
server 10.0.0.11 iburst

3:安装openstack客户端和openstack-selinux
yum install python-openstackclient.noarch  openstack-selinux.noarch -y

4:安装nova-compute

yum install openstack-nova-compute -y
yum install openstack-utils.noarch -y
\cp /etc/nova/nova.conf{,.bak}
grep -Ev '^$|#' /etc/nova/nova.conf.bak >/etc/nova/nova.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT enabled_apis  osapi_compute,metadata
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT my_ip  10.0.0.33
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT use_neutron  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  DEFAULT firewall_driver  nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  glance api_servers  http://controller:9292
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  username  nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  keystone_authtoken  password  NOVA_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_concurrency lock_path  /var/lib/nova/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit   rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc enabled  True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc vncserver_listen  0.0.0.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc vncserver_proxyclient_address  '$my_ip'
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  vnc novncproxy_base_url http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron url  http://controller:9696
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron region_name  RegionOne
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron username  neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf  neutron password  NEUTRON_PASS

5:安装neutron-linuxbridge-agent
yum install openstack-neutron-linuxbridge ebtables ipset -y
\cp /etc/neutron/neutron.conf{,.bak}
grep -Ev '^$|#' /etc/neutron/neutron.conf.bak >/etc/neutron/neutron.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  DEFAULT auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken username  neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  keystone_authtoken password  NEUTRON_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_concurrency lock_path  /var/lib/neutron/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf  oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS

\cp /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini{,.bak}
grep '^[a-Z\[]' /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini.bak >/etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  linux_bridge physical_interface_mappings  provider:eth0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  securitygroup enable_security_group  True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  securitygroup firewall_driver  neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini  vxlan enable_vxlan  False

6:启动服务
systemctl start  libvirtd openstack-nova-compute neutron-linuxbridge-agent
systemctl enable  libvirtd openstack-nova-compute neutron-linuxbridge-agent
        
7: 创建虚机来检查新增的计算节点是否可用!
nova service-list
neutron agent-list

8.修改磁盘:
[root@compute2 ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[libvirt]
virt_type = qemu
cpu_mode = none

systemctl restart  libvirtd openstack-nova-compute neutron-linuxbridge-agent

3.9glance镜像服务的迁移

1.停掉控制节点的glance服务
[root@controller opt]# systemctl stop openstack-glance-api.service  openstack-glance-registry.service
[root@controller opt]# systemctl disable openstack-glance-api.service  openstack-glance-registry.service

2.在compute2上安装glance服务
[root@compute2 ~]# yum install mariadb mariadb-server python2-PyMySQL -y
[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl start mariadb
[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl enable mariadb
[root@compute2 ~]# mysql_secure_installation
一个回车,n-----》一直y
[root@controller opt]# mysqldump -B glance >glance.sql
[root@compute2 ~]# mysql < glance.sql 
[root@compute2 ~]# mysql glance -e "show tables;"
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'GLANCE_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'GLANCE_DBPASS';
  
 3.安装配置glance
 yum install openstack-glance -y
 scp -rp /etc/glance/glance-api.conf 10.0.0.32:/etc/glance/glance-api.conf
 scp -rp /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf 10.0.0.32:/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
 yum install openstack-utils
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf  database  connection  mysql+pymysql://glance:GLANCE_DBPASS@10.0.0.32/glance  
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf  database  connection  mysql+pymysql://glance:GLANCE_DBPASS@10.0.0.32/glance
[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl start openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service 
[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl enable openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service 

4.拷贝镜像并授权
[root@compute2 ~]# chown -R glance:glance /var/lib/glance/images/

5.修改keystone的服务目录的glance的api地址
[root@controller ~]# mysqldump keystone endpoint >endpoint.sql
cp endpoint.sql /srv/
vim endpoint.sql
http://10.0.0.32:9292
验证:
openstack image list

6.修改所有节点nova的配置文件
sed -i 's#http://controller:9292#http://10.0.0.32:9292#g' /etc/nova/nova.conf
控制节点重启
systemctl restart openstack-nova-api.service
计算节点重启
systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute.service

7.测试 上传一个镜像然后启动实例

4.0安装cinder块存储服务

#了解:
Centos配置iscsi

cinder-api:       接收和响应外部有关块存储请求
cinder-volume:   提供存储空间
cinder-scheduler:调度器,决定将要分配的空间由哪一个cinder-volume提供
cinder-backup:    备份存储

1.创建数据库并授权
CREATE DATABASE cinder;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'localhost' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'CINDER_DBPASS';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'%' \
  IDENTIFIED BY 'CINDER_DBPASS';
  
2.创建cinder用户,添加 admin 角色到 cinder 用户上  
openstack user create --domain default --password CINDER_PASS cinder
openstack role add --project service --user cinder admin

3.创建 cinder 和 cinderv2 服务实体
openstack service create --name cinder --description "OpenStack Block Storage" volume
openstack service create --name cinderv2 --description "OpenStack Block Storage" volumev2

4.创建块设备存储服务的 API 入口点
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volume public http://controller:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volume internal http://controller:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volume admin http://controller:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev2 public http://controller:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev2 internal http://controller:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev2 admin http://controller:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s

安全并配置组件
1.安装软件包 
yum install openstack-cinder -y

2.编辑 /etc/cinder/cinder.conf,同时完成如下动作
cp /etc/cinder/cinder.conf{,.bak}
grep -Ev '^$|#' /etc/cinder/cinder.conf.bak >/etc/cinder/cinder.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   DEFAULT  rpc_backend  rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   DEFAULT  auth_strategy  keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   DEFAULT  my_ip  10.0.0.11
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   database connection mysql+pymysql://cinder:CINDER_DBPASS@controller/cinder
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   auth_uri  http://controller:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   auth_url  http://controller:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   memcached_servers  controller:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   auth_type  password
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   project_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   user_domain_name  default
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   project_name  service
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   username  cinder
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   keystone_authtoken   password  CINDER_PASS
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   oslo_concurrency  lock_path  /var/lib/cinder/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   oslo_messaging_rabbit  rabbit_host  controller
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   oslo_messaging_rabbit  rabbit_userid  openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf   oslo_messaging_rabbit  rabbit_password  RABBIT_PASS

3.初始化块设备服务的数据库
su -s /bin/sh -c "cinder-manage db sync" cinder

4.编辑文件 /etc/nova/nova.conf [控制节点]
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf cinder os_region_name  RegionOne

5.重启计算API 服务,启动块设备存储服务,并将其配置为开机自启【控制节点】
systemctl restart openstack-nova-api.service
systemctl enable openstack-cinder-api.service openstack-cinder-scheduler.service
systemctl start openstack-cinder-api.service openstack-cinder-scheduler.service

验证:cinder service-list

6.安装并配置一个存储节点
6.1在计算节点上:
yum install lvm2 -y
systemctl enable lvm2-lvmetad.service
systemctl start lvm2-lvmetad.service
6.2添加两块盘 30G+10G
echo '- - -' >/sys/class/scsi_host/host0/scan 
fdisk -l
pvcreate /dev/sdb
pvcreate /dev/sdc
vgcreate cinder-ssd /dev/sdb
vgcreate cinder-sata /dev/sdc
6.3修改/etc/lvm/lvm.conf
在130下面插入一行:
filter = [ "a/sdb/", "a/sdc/","r/.*/"]

6.4 安装
yum install openstack-cinder targetcli python-keystone -y

6.5编辑 /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
[root@compute1 ~]# cat /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
[DEFAULT]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
my_ip = 10.0.0.31
glance_api_servers = http://10.0.0.32:9292
enabled_backends = ssd,sata
[BACKEND]
[BRCD_FABRIC_EXAMPLE]
[CISCO_FABRIC_EXAMPLE]
[COORDINATION]
[FC-ZONE-MANAGER]
[KEYMGR]
[cors]
[cors.subdomain]
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://cinder:CINDER_DBPASS@controller/cinder
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = cinder
password = CINDER_PASS
[matchmaker_redis]
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/cinder/tmp
[oslo_messaging_amqp]
[oslo_messaging_notifications]
[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
rabbit_password = RABBIT_PASS
[oslo_middleware]
[oslo_policy]
[oslo_reports]
[oslo_versionedobjects]
[ssl]
[ssd]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.lvm.LVMVolumeDriver
volume_group = cinder-ssd
iscsi_protocol = iscsi
iscsi_helper = lioadm
volume_backend_name = ssd
[sata]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.lvm.LVMVolumeDriver
volume_group = cinder-sata
iscsi_protocol = iscsi
iscsi_helper = lioadm
volume_backend_name = sata

6.6启动块存储卷服务及其依赖的服务,并将其配置为随系统启动
systemctl enable openstack-cinder-volume.service target.service
systemctl start openstack-cinder-volume.service target.service

6.7配置共享NFS
/data 10.0.0.0/24(rw,async,no_root_squash,no_all_squash) 172.16.1.0/24(ro)

[root@controller ~]# cinder service-list
web界面创建卷以及扩展--》注意mnt目录下的权限---》chown -R cinder:cinder
compute  执行lvs 查看卷的详细信息

4.1增加flat网段

删除网卡命令:
ip address del 10.0.0.31/24 dev eth0
1.各个节点增加网卡
控制节点操作:
vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini
flat_networks = provider,net172_16_1

vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
physical_interface_mappings = provider:eth0,net172_16_1:eth1

systemctl restart neutron-server.service neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service 

计算节点操作:
vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
physical_interface_mappings = provider:eth0,net172_16_1:eth1

systemctl restart neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service

neutron net-create --shared --provider:physical_network net172_16_1 --provider:network_type flat cheng
neutron subnet-create --name cheng --allocation-pool start=172.16.1.101,end=172.16.1.250 --dns-nameserver 223.5.5.5 --gateway 172.16.1.254 cheng 172.16.1.0/24

neutron net-list
neutron subnet-list
web界面操作:
创建网络---》创建子网---》创建实例验证

4.2cinder对接nfs后端存储

1.安装NFS服务端
[root@compute2 ~]# yum install nfs-utils -y
[root@compute2 ~]# cat /etc/exports
/data 10.0.0.0/24(rw,async,no_root_squash,no_all_squash) 172.16.1.0/24(ro)
[root@compute2 ~]# mkdir /data
[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl start nfs-server
[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl enable nfs-server

[root@compute1 ~]# cat /etc/cinder/cinder.conf 
[DEFAULT]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
my_ip = 10.0.0.31
glance_api_servers = http://10.0.0.32:9292
enabled_backends = ssd,sata,nfs
[BACKEND]
[BRCD_FABRIC_EXAMPLE]
[CISCO_FABRIC_EXAMPLE]
[COORDINATION]
[FC-ZONE-MANAGER]
[KEYMGR]
[cors]
[cors.subdomain]
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://cinder:CINDER_DBPASS@controller/cinder
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = cinder
password = CINDER_PASS
[matchmaker_redis]
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/cinder/tmp
[oslo_messaging_amqp]
[oslo_messaging_notifications]
[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
rabbit_password = RABBIT_PASS
[oslo_middleware]
[oslo_policy]
[oslo_reports]
[oslo_versionedobjects]
[ssl]
[ssd]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.lvm.LVMVolumeDriver
volume_group = cinder-ssd
iscsi_protocol = iscsi
iscsi_helper = lioadm
volume_backend_name = ssd
[sata]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.lvm.LVMVolumeDriver
volume_group = cinder-sata
iscsi_protocol = iscsi
iscsi_helper = lioadm
volume_backend_name = sata
[nfs]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.nfs.NfsDriver
nfs_shares_config = /etc/cinder/nfs_shares
volume_backend_name = nfs

[root@compute1 ~]# cat /etc/cinder/nfs_shares
10.0.0.32:/data

登录web界面创建卷类型----》创建卷----》启动实例---》进行关联----》格式化磁盘验证数据---》NFS服务端挂载测试

4.2.1cinder对接Glusterfs存储

Glusterfs是一个开源分布式文件系统,具有强大的横向扩展能力,可支持数PB存储容量和数千客户端,通过网络互联成一个并行的网络文件系统。具有可扩展性、高性能、高可用性等特点。

服务端:10.0.0.11    10.0.0.32
客户端:10.0.0.31
1.安装安装服务端
yum -y install glusterfs glusterfs-fuse glusterfs-server

systemctl start glusterd.service
systemctl enable glusterd.service

2.添加存储资源池
compute2操作
gluster peer probe controller
[root@compute2 ~]# gluster pool list
UUID                    Hostname    State
20ca80d7-3ae6-4034-9cc9-ad49b0e81419    controller  Connected 
df81534b-41da-4f1d-b152-73802180a9b3    localhost   Connected 
[root@compute2 ~]# mkdir /data

3.创建分布式复制卷
gluster volume create gv1 controller:/data compute2:/data/ force

4.启动卷

gluster> volume start gv1
volume start: glusters: success

5.查看卷
[root@compute2 ~]# gluster volume info 
 
Volume Name: gv1
Type: Distribute
Volume ID: 85f64393-702a-4117-8834-cdfdbfb367af
Status: Started
Snapshot Count: 0
Number of Bricks: 2
Transport-type: tcp
Bricks:
Brick1: controller:/data
Brick2: compute2:/data
Options Reconfigured:
nfs.disable: on
transport.address-family: inet


[root@compute2 ~]# systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute.service 

6.客户端挂载卷
[root@compute1 ~]# mkdir /brick1
[root@compute1 ~]# mount.glusterfs compute2:/gv1 /brick1/

yum -y install glusterfs glusterfs-fuse
vim /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
[DEFAULT]
...
enabled_backends = glusterfs
...

[glusterfs]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.glusterfs.GlusterfsDriver
glusterfs_shares_config = /etc/cinder/glusterfs_shares
volume_backend_name=glusterfs

7.编辑/etc/cinder/glusterfs_shares
[root@compute1 ~]# cat /etc/cinder/glusterfs_shares 
controller:/gv1
compute2:/gv1

systemctl restart openstack-cinder-volume

8.controller节点查看cinder
cinder service-list

9.登录dashboard--->创建卷类型--->创建卷--->管理连接【实例】--->验证
[root@compute1 ~]# ll /brick1/ -h

4.3实例的冷迁移

1.控制节点兼职计算节点
[root@controller ~]# yum install openstack-nova-compute.noarch
vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[vnc]
enabled = True
vncserver_listen = 0.0.0.0
vncserver_proxyclient_address = $my_ip
novncproxy_base_url = http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html

systemctl start libvirtd.service openstack-nova-compute.service
主机聚集---》改为controller---->创建实例验证

#迁移操作===================================================================
1:开启nova计算节点之间互信
冷迁移需要nova计算节点之间使用nova用户互相免密码访问
默认nova用户禁止登陆,开启所有计算节点的nova用户登录shell。

usermod -s /bin/bash nova
su - nova
ssh-keygen -t rsa
#生成密钥
cp -fa id_rsa.pub authorized_keys

将公钥发送给其他计算节点的nova用户的/var/lib/nova/.ssh目录下,注意权限和所属组
[nova@compute1 ~]$ scp -rp .ssh root@10.0.0.32:`pwd`
[root@compute2 ~]# chown -R nova:nova /var/lib/nova/.ssh/

2:修改控制节点nova.conf
vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[DEFAULT]
scheduler_default_filters=RetryFilter,AvailabilityZoneFilter,RamFilter,DiskFilter,ComputeFilter,ComputeCapabilitiesFilter,ImagePropertiesFilter,ServerGroupAntiAffinityFilter,ServerGroupAffinityFilter

重启openstack-nova-scheduler
systemctl restart openstack-nova-scheduler.service

3:修改所有计算节点的nova配置
vi /etc/nova/nova.conf
[DEFAULT]
allow_resize_to_same_host = True

重启openstack-nova-compute
systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute.service

4:dashboard上进行操作---->创建实例---->实现冷迁移操作

4.4cloud-init为云环境中虚拟机的初始化定制【配置元数据代理】

nova-matadata-api
neutron-metadata-agent
配合实现虚拟机定制化

1.编辑``/etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini``文件并完成以下操作:
在``[DEFAULT]`` 部分,配置元数据主机以及共享密码:  
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini
[DEFAULT]
nova_metadata_ip = controller
metadata_prox = METADATA_SECRET

2.为nova服务配置网络服务
编辑``/etc/nova/nova.conf``文件并完成以下操作:
在``[neutron]``部分,配置访问参数,启用元数据代理并设置密码
[neutron]
...
url = http://controller:9696
auth_url = http://controller:35357
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
region_name = RegionOne
project_name = service
username = neutron
password = NEUTRON_PASS
service_metadata_proxy = True
metadata_proxy_shared_secret = METADATA_SECRET  

3.重启服务
[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart neutron-server.service neutron-dhcp-agent.service neutron-metadata-agent.service neutron-dhcp-agent.service

4.登录dashboard创建实例---->实现定制化启动实例---->验证效果
posted @ 2019-12-08 13:39  程寅武  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏