AspNetCore容器化(Docker)部署(三) —— Docker Compose容器编排

一.前言

上一篇部署了一个最基础的helloworld应用,创建了两个容器和一个network,还算应付得过来。

如果该应用继续引入mysql、redis、job等若干服务,到时候发布一次得工作量之大就可想而知了,这时候就需要用到Docker Compose。

Docker Compose是一个用于定义和运行多容器Docker应用程序的工具。使用Compose,可以使用YAML文件来配置应用程序的服务,然后使用一条命令就可以从配置中创建并启动所有服务。

Docker Compose概述及命令使用 https://docs.docker.com/compose/reference/overview/

 

二.安装Compose

Windows下安装Docker Desktop时已经附带安装了Docker Compose

PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker-compose version
docker-compose version 1.23.2, build 1110ad01
docker-py version: 3.6.0
CPython version: 3.6.6
OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.0.2o  27 Mar 2018

 

Linux下需要自行安装

root@VM-16-9-ubuntu:~# apt install docker-compose

 

三.使用Compose

1.编排服务

在解决方案下创建docker-compose.yml文件

version: '3.4'

services:
  helloworld:
    image: helloworld:v2.0
    build: #镜像构建
      context: . #工作目录
      dockerfile: HelloWorld/Dockerfile #Dockerfile位置
    environment: #环境变量
      - ASPNETCORE_ENVIRONMENT=Development
    ports: #端口映射
      - "81:80"
    container_name: netcore_helloworld #容器名
    deploy:
      restart_policy: #重启策略
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 5s
        max_attempts: 3
    networks: #指定network
      - default
      - newbridge
      
  mynginx:
    image: mynginx:v2.0
    build:
      context: MyNginx
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    ports:
      - "80:80"
      - "801:801"
    container_name: mynginx
    deploy:
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 5s
        max_attempts: 3
    networks:
      - default

networks:
  default: #定义一个docker中已存在的network
    external: 
      name: mybridge
  newbridge: #新的network
    #name: newbridge  #compose版本3.5开始才支持自定义名称

 

2.启动容器

https://docs.docker.com/compose/reference/up/

docker-compose up [options] [--scale SERVICE=NUM...] [SERVICE...]

docker-compose up指令包含了docker-compose build,当yml文件services中配置的image(helloworld:v2.0和mynginx:v2.0)不存在时会先build这两个镜像,再创建container,

如果image已存在,则直接创建container

PS C:\Users\Administrator> cd C:\Users\Administrator\source\repos\AspNetCore_Docker
PS C:\Users\Administrator\source\repos\AspNetCore_Docker> docker-compose up -d
WARNING: Some services (helloworld, mynginx) use the 'deploy' key, which will be ignored. Compose does not support 'deploy' configuration - use `docker stack deploy` to deploy to a swarm.
Creating network "aspnetcore_docker_newbridge" with the default driver
Creating netcore_helloworld ... done
Creating mynginx            ... done
PS C:\Users\Administrator\source\repos\AspNetCore_Docker> docker images
REPOSITORY                             TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
mynginx                                v2.0                9c18561d7ab3        27 minutes ago      109MB
helloworld                             v2.0                c42e9f575fc4        24 hours ago        265MB
nginx                                  latest              62c261073ecf        9 days ago          109MB
mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/core/sdk      2.2-stretch         e4747ec2aaff        3 weeks ago         1.74GB
mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/core/aspnet   2.2-stretch-slim    f6d51449c477        3 weeks ago         260MB
docker4w/nsenter-dockerd               latest              2f1c802f322f        8 months ago        187kB
PS C:\Users\Administrator\source\repos\AspNetCore_Docker> docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                                      NAMES
66ff08eda2ae        helloworld:v2.0     "dotnet HelloWorld.d…"   11 minutes ago      Up 11 minutes       0.0.0.0:81->80/tcp                         netcore_helloworld
5357b641a7b1        mynginx:v2.0        "nginx -g 'daemon of…"   11 minutes ago      Up 11 minutes       0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, 0.0.0.0:801->801/tcp   mynginx

 

3.删除容器

PS C:\Users\Administrator\source\repos\AspNetCore_Docker> docker-compose down
WARNING: Some services (helloworld, mynginx) use the 'deploy' key, which will be ignored. Compose does not support 'deploy' configuration - use `docker stack deploy` to deploy to a swarm.
Stopping mynginx            ... done
Stopping netcore_helloworld ... done
Removing mynginx            ... done
Removing netcore_helloworld ... done
Network mybridge is external, skipping   #外部的bridge不会被删除,直接跳过
Removing network aspnetcore_docker_newbridge

 

四.远程镜像仓库

docker官方的只能创建一个免费私有仓库,国内各大云服务器商都有提供免费的、无限量的镜像仓库。


1.登录到远程registry

docker login --username=[username] ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com

PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker login --username=你的用户名 ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com
Password:
Login Succeeded

 

2.上传镜像

docker tag [ImageId] ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/[namespace]/[ImageName]:[镜像版本号]

PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker tag c42e9f575fc4 ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/helloworld
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker tag 9c18561d7ab3 ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/mynginx
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker images
REPOSITORY                               TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/mynginx      latest              9c18561d7ab3        2 days ago          109MB
mynginx                                  v2.0                9c18561d7ab3        2 days ago          109MB
ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/helloworld   latest              c42e9f575fc4        3 days ago          265MB
helloworld                               v2.0                c42e9f575fc4        3 days ago          265MB
nginx                                    latest              62c261073ecf        12 days ago         109MB
mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/core/sdk        2.2-stretch         e4747ec2aaff        3 weeks ago         1.74GB
mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/core/aspnet     2.2-stretch-slim    f6d51449c477        3 weeks ago         260MB
docker4w/nsenter-dockerd                 latest              2f1c802f322f        8 months ago        187kB
PS C:\Users\Administrator>

 
docker push ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/[namespace]/[ImageName]:[镜像版本号]

PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker push ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/helloworld
The push refers to repository [ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/helloworld]
... latest: digest: sha256:d991fe759257905f727593cc09d8299462e20e31ada3a92023a48fbc130f7484 size:
1581 PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker push ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/mynginx The push refers to repository [ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/mynginx]
...
latest: digest: sha256:0eda000278411f5b6e034944993f6f5b94825125124f67cc7caf4e684aad5a85 size: 1155 PS C:\Users\Administrator>

 

2.通过远程镜像启动容器

在原yml文件基础上移除build项,修改image地址。

docker compose up会从远程仓库pull镜像并启动容器,如果是私有仓库,需要提前登录到远程registry。

version: '3.4'

services:
  helloworld:
    image: ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/helloworld
    environment: #环境变量
      - ASPNETCORE_ENVIRONMENT=Development
    ports: #端口映射
      - "81:80"
    container_name: netcore_helloworld #容器名
    deploy:
      restart_policy: #重启策略
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 5s
        max_attempts: 3
    networks: #指定network
      - default
      - newbridge
      
  mynginx:
    image: ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/wuuu/mynginx
    ports:
      - "80:80"
      - "801:801"
    container_name: mynginx
    deploy:
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 5s
        max_attempts: 3
    networks:
      - default

networks:
  default: #定义一个docker中已存在的network
    external: 
      name: mybridge
  newbridge: #新的network
    #name: newbridge  #compose版本3.5开始才支持自定义名称

 

示例代码Github地址https://github.com/wwwu/AspNetCore_Docker

 

 

posted @ 2019-06-25 11:34 找不到一个满意的昵称 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏