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使用web3.js监听以太坊智能合约event



  当我们在前端页面调用合约时发现有些数据不会立即返回,这时还需要再调用更新数据的函数。那么这样的方法使用起来非常不便,监听event就可以很好的解决这样的问题,下面我们来看看如何监听event。以下内容基于web3.js1.0版本,版本不同可能会代码差异。

1. 修改geth启动参数

  • 全部参数如下
geth --datadir ./data --networkid 15 --port 30303 --rpc --rpcaddr 0.0.0.0 --rpcport 8545 --rpcvhosts "*" --rpcapi 'db,net,eth,web3,personal' --rpccorsdomain "*" --ws --wsaddr "localhost" --wsport "8546" --wsorigins "*" --nat "any" --nodiscover --dev --dev.period 1 console 2> 1.log
  • 主要增加了下列参数
--ws --wsaddr "localhost" --wsport "8546" --wsorigins "*"

2. 在geth上部署map3合约

  • 合约代码如下
pragma solidity ^0.4.24;

contract Map3 {
 
    mapping(string => string) map;
    
    event orderlog(string indexed action, string indexed key, string value);
    
    function getvalue(string key) public constant returns (string) {
        return map[key];
    }
    
    function setvalue(string key, string value) public {
        emit orderlog("setvalue haha", key, value);
        map[key] = value;
    }
}

3. 编写用于监听合约event的js代码

  • map_event.js代码如下
var Web3 = require("web3")

var web3;

if (typeof web3 !== 'undefined') {
    web3 = new Web3(web3.currentProvider);
} else {
    web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.WebsocketProvider("ws://127.0.0.1:8546"));
}
        
var contractAbi = [
        {
                "constant": false,
                "inputs": [
                        {
                                "name": "key",
                                "type": "string"
                        },
                        {
                                "name": "value",
                                "type": "string"
                        }
                ],
                "name": "setvalue",
                "outputs": [],
                "payable": false,
                "stateMutability": "nonpayable",
                "type": "function"
        },
        {
                "constant": true,
                "inputs": [
                        {
                                "name": "key",
                                "type": "string"
                        }
                ],
                "name": "getvalue",
                "outputs": [
                        {
                                "name": "",
                                "type": "string"
                        }
                ],
                "payable": false,
                "stateMutability": "view",
                "type": "function"
        },
        {
                "anonymous": false,
                "inputs": [
                        {
                                "indexed": true,
                                "name": "action",
                                "type": "string"
                        },
                        {
                                "indexed": true,
                                "name": "key",
                                "type": "string"
                        },
                        {
                                "indexed": false,
                                "name": "value",
                                "type": "string"
                        }
                ],
                "name": "orderlog",
                "type": "event"
        }
];

var contractaAddress = "0x31bd7af45b90811f23fa748fbf1940dc8b3d9dcb";
        
MyContract = new web3.eth.Contract(contractAbi, contractaAddress);
                //console.log(MyContract.events.orderlog);
        
var myEvent = MyContract.events.orderlog({
        filter:{},
        fromBlock: 0
}, function(error, event){})
        .on('data', function(event){
        console.log(event); // same results as the optional callback above
})
        .on('changed', function(event){
                    // remove event from local database
        })        
    .on('error', console.error);
    

/*
    MyContract.getPastEvents('allEvents', {
        filter: {},
        fromBlock: 0,
        toBlock: 'latest'
    }, function(error, events){ console.log(events); })
    .then(function(events){
        console.log(events) // same results as the optional callback above
    });
*/

4. 运行map_event.js监听event

  • 方法如下
npm init -y
npm install web3 --save
node map_event.js

5. 调用map3合约中的setvalue函数触发event