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C#实现动态生成Word

2011-07-07 10:14  田志良  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏

1. 一个控制台例子,实现动态生成Word。

首先,添加引用:COM->Microsoft Word 11.0 Object Library。

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word;
using System.Reflection;

namespace TestWord
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            object oMissing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            object oEndOfDoc = "\\endofdoc";     //endofdoc是预定义的bookmark

            //创建一个document.
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word._Application oWord;
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word._Document oDoc;
            oWord = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Application();
            oWord.Visible = true;
            oDoc = oWord.Documents.Add(ref oMissing, ref oMissing,
            ref oMissing, ref oMissing);

            //在document的开始部分添加一个paragraph.
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Paragraph oPara1;
            oPara1 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oMissing);
            oPara1.Range.Text = "Heading 1";
            oPara1.Range.Font.Bold = 1;
            oPara1.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;        //24 pt 行间距
            oPara1.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

            //在当前document的最后添加一个paragraph
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Paragraph oPara2;
            object oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            oPara2 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oRng);
            oPara2.Range.Text = "Heading 2";
            oPara2.Format.SpaceAfter = 6;
            oPara2.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

            //接着添加一个paragraph
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Paragraph oPara3;
            oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            oPara3 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oRng);
            oPara3.Range.Text = "This is a sentence of normal text. Now here is a table:";
            oPara3.Range.Font.Bold = 0;
            oPara3.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;
            oPara3.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

            //添加一个3行5列的表格,填充数据,并且设定第一行的样式
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table oTable;
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Range wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            oTable = oDoc.Tables.Add(wrdRng, 3, 5, ref oMissing, ref oMissing);
            oTable.Range.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6;
            int r, c;
            string strText;
            for (r = 1; r <= 3; r++)
                for (c = 1; c <= 5; c++)
                {
                    strText = "r" + r + "c" + c;
                    oTable.Cell(r, c).Range.Text = strText;
                }
            oTable.Rows[1].Range.Font.Bold = 1;
            oTable.Rows[1].Range.Font.Italic = 1;

            //接着添加一些文字
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Paragraph oPara4;
            oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            oPara4 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oRng);
            oPara4.Range.InsertParagraphBefore();
            oPara4.Range.Text = "And here's another table:";
            oPara4.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;
            oPara4.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

            //添加一个5行2列的表,填充数据并且改变列宽
            wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            oTable = oDoc.Tables.Add(wrdRng, 5, 2, ref oMissing, ref oMissing);
            oTable.Range.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6;
            for (r = 1; r <= 5; r++)
                for (c = 1; c <= 2; c++)
                {
                    strText = "r" + r + "c" + c;
                    oTable.Cell(r, c).Range.Text = strText;
                }
            oTable.Columns[1].Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(2); //设置列宽
            oTable.Columns[2].Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(3);

            //Keep inserting text. When you get to 7 inches from top of the
            //document, insert a hard page break.
            object oPos;
            double dPos = oWord.InchesToPoints(7);
            oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range.InsertParagraphAfter();
            do
            {
                wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
                wrdRng.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6;
                wrdRng.InsertAfter("A line of text");
                wrdRng.InsertParagraphAfter();
                oPos = wrdRng.get_Information
                                           (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.WdInformation.wdVerticalPositionRelativeToPage);
            }
            while (dPos >= Convert.ToDouble(oPos));
            object oCollapseEnd = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.WdCollapseDirection.wdCollapseEnd;
            object oPageBreak = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.WdBreakType.wdPageBreak;
            wrdRng.Collapse(ref oCollapseEnd);
            wrdRng.InsertBreak(ref oPageBreak);
            wrdRng.Collapse(ref oCollapseEnd);
            wrdRng.InsertAfter("We're now on page 2. Here's my chart:");
            wrdRng.InsertParagraphAfter();

            //添加一个chart
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.InlineShape oShape;
            object oClassType = "MSGraph.Chart.8";
            wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            oShape = wrdRng.InlineShapes.AddOLEObject(ref oClassType, ref oMissing,
            ref oMissing, ref oMissing, ref oMissing,
            ref oMissing, ref oMissing, ref oMissing);

            //Demonstrate use of late bound oChart and oChartApp objects to
            //manipulate the chart object with MSGraph.
            object oChart;
            object oChartApp;
            oChart = oShape.OLEFormat.Object;
            oChartApp = oChart.GetType().InvokeMember("Application",
            BindingFlags.GetProperty, null, oChart, null);

            //Change the chart type to Line.
            object[] Parameters = new Object[1];
            Parameters[0] = 4; //xlLine = 4
            oChart.GetType().InvokeMember("ChartType", BindingFlags.SetProperty,
            null, oChart, Parameters);

            //Update the chart image and quit MSGraph.
            oChartApp.GetType().InvokeMember("Update",
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, oChartApp, null);
            oChartApp.GetType().InvokeMember("Quit",
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, oChartApp, null);
            //... If desired, you can proceed from here using the Microsoft Graph 
            //Object model on the oChart and oChartApp objects to make additional
            //changes to the chart.

            //Set the width of the chart.
            oShape.Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(6.25f);
            oShape.Height = oWord.InchesToPoints(3.57f);

            //Add text after the chart.
            wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
            wrdRng.InsertParagraphAfter();
            wrdRng.InsertAfter("THE END.");

            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

2. 介绍几篇牛人写的关于操作Word的文章

[分享]一段导出到word模版的代码

http://www.cnblogs.com/goody9807/archive/2005/08/25/222526.html


再谈word2003编程

http://www.cnblogs.com/Andmm/archive/2008/06/18/1224422.html


最近一直在做C#操作office方面的工作!总结一下!Word()

http://www.cnblogs.com/wngwz/archive/2004/08/19/34678.html


C#也能动态生成Word文档并填充数据

http://www.cnblogs.com/qyfan82/archive/2007/09/14/893293.html