1. Prize n./adj 奖金，奖励，奖品 booby prize 安慰奖 win a prize 赢得大奖
Eg.The first prize goes to Peter.
Carry off the first prize 夺得一等奖 adj .prize money 奖金
A prize idiot ：a complete fool 彻底的傻瓜 a prize fool
The best,the most important or the most useful
Prize possessions 珍贵的财产(令人骄傲的)
Precious :which was important to you because you are connected with people you like.
Eg.precious historical relic 珍贵的历史遗迹
Rare animals 珍贵的动物 valuable adj.值钱的 a valuable painting 值钱的画
Valuable time 宝贵的时间
v.珍惜 prize the friendship 珍视友情
2. tie v.用绳子系上
Eg. He tied the horse to a locust.
Eg.A housewife tied to the kitchen all day.
Eg.A housewife confined to kitchen all day.
Tie the knot： get married 喜结良缘
Be tired up :be busy,be occupied or engaged 忙于，从事
Eg.I won’t see you tomorrow
Eg. I’m going to be tied up all day.
Eg.I’m booked all day tomorrow.
Eg.The traffic is tried up 交通不畅
Bow tie 蝴蝶结 :or simply,bow
And in a tie 平局
2. Theft n.偷盗行为，偷窃案
Eg.There are a number of thefts in the area.
Steal sth :take sth away illegally 偷窃
Eg.Someone stole my passport while I was asleep.
Rob:to take sth away from sb with violence in public places.
Rob a band rob sb of sth
Eg.Rob Peter and pay Paul .拆东墙补西墙
Burgle Br. 夜间行窃
Burglarize (Am) 夜间行窃
Burglarize a house burglarize an office
Pickpocket :Somebody steal things from your pocket,usually when you are in a crowd of people.
3. Accuse v.指控
Accuse sb of (doing) sth 指控某人犯有…罪
Eg.He was accused of theft.
Be charged with 被指控
Eg.The man they arrested last night has been charged with murder.
Charge sb (money) for sth. 像某人收取…费用
Eg.The hotel charged us $200 for each night.
Sue :to make a legal claim against sb especially for an amout of money 起诉获得赔偿
Sue sb for divorce 起诉离婚
Indict sb for sth
Eg.He was indicted for fraud.
Prosecute :to officially say that someone is guilty and must be judged by a law court. 对…. 提起公诉。
Eg.If payment has not been received by March 11th ,we’ll be forced to prosecute. 3.11号前我们没有说到货款，我们将提起公诉。
4. Deny v.否认
To say that what has been said or done is not true
Admit 承认 admit doing
Eg.He denied any involvement in the affair.他否认跟这件事情没有关系
Eg.He denies nothing to her.他对她有求必应。
It cannot be denied that …. 不可否认的是..
Eg.There is no denying the fact that he has done us a good deed.不可否认的是他为我们做一件好事情。
5. Shame n.羞耻，惭愧 an uncomfortable feeling you have when you have done sth wrong.
Eg.What a shame! 真丢人
Shameful behavior 羞耻的行为 shameless 无耻的 ashamed 感到羞耻，感到惭愧
Be ashamed of sth
Eg.He is ashamed of his failure. 为失败感到羞耻
Be ashamed of having done sth 曾经做了什么感到羞愧
Eg.I was ashamed of having lied to my mother.我为刚才跟母亲撒谎而感到羞耻。
6. Apologize v.道歉 ize 后缀 动词
Apologize for sth 就某事致歉
Eg.I apologize for the delay to your letter.我很抱歉给你的回信晚了。
Apologize to sb for sth 向某人就某事道歉
Eg.He apologized to me for stepping on my foot. 他因踩了我的脚向我道歉。
Apology n.道歉 ,谢罪
Make an apology to sb for sth
Accept sb’s apology 接受某人的道歉 be apologetic for
Eg.He was very apologetic for coming late. 他因迟到而感到歉意。
7. Dye v.染色 to give sth a different color
Dyeing dyed dyed
Dye sth black / dye sth blue dye her hair blonde.
Eg.The rising sun dyed the sky red.
Eg.The setting sun dyed the sky red.
1. Lamb :a young sheep 小绵羊
Like a lamb to the slaugher: used when sb is going to do sth dangerous but does not realize it 羊入虎口
Eg.Here comes the naïve bride,like a lamb to the slaughter.
Eg.I won a prize of $5000
You are kidding (me)! 不是真的吧。 To say it’s not true.
Eg.Don’t kid yourself.不要自欺欺人。
2. Prize possessions
Eg.One of my prize possessions was a book named Great Expectations which my parents had given me on my birthday.
3. Keep it tied to a tree 栓到一个棵树上
Eg.I’ll keep you informed of the result.我会随时通知你结果。
Keep sth/sb doing 使不停的做某事
Eg.I’m so sorry to keep you waiting.
Eg.Here’s $500 that will keep you going for a while.这里有500块够你花一段时间了。
Eg.The river kept children from swimming in summer.
Eg.Keep the truth from my father.不要把真相告诉我父亲
Eg.I put potatoes in salted water to keep them from turning bad.我把土豆放在盐水防止坏了。
4. Fetch v.取
Go and get sth back
Fetch sth from
Eg.Fetch the kids from school 。从学校接孩子。
Fetch sth for sb fetch sb sth.
Eg.Please fetch me that book.
Fetch sb a clip /fetch a blow 打了某人一顿
5. Set out 出发
Stand out 站出来
Stand out in the next game 不参加下一场比赛
Stay out 走到户外，不插手
Stay out of my business 不要插手我的事情。
Find out :查出，发现
6. Prove difficult
Eg.He would find it no difficult.
Eg.That will not prove to be difficult.
7. Tell sb about sth
Tell sb sth/ tell sb a lie tell sb a story tell sb the truth.
Tell sb about sth 告诉某人有关某事
Eg.Tell me sth about your new job.
Know about (对有关….) 了解
Learn about 对…..有耳闻 lie about 隐瞒
Eg.She lied about her age. 她隐瞒了她的年龄.
1) To buy or get sth,especially sth expensive or difficult to get
2) To learn knowledge ,skills etc by your own efforts.
Acquire a high reputation 获得很高的名誉
Get :the most common word in spoken and informal writing
Get hold of sth :especially you get sth after difficult.
Eg.He gets hold of a rare change after working hard for years.经过多年努力终于得到一个机会
Abtain :in formal writing
Receive Lslightly formal ) 较为正式
Eg.The charity receives most of its money through private donation (捐献).
Achieve independence 得到独立
9. Or conj.否则，要不人
Used to warn or advise someone that if they do not do sth,then sth they do not want will happen.
Eg.You’d better do as I told you,or you will be sorry.
Or else :
Eg.You’d better be there tomorrow,or else.你明天最好去，否则有你好瞧。
10. Backyard 后院
Back door 后门
Eg.She went to the university by backdoor.她通过走后门上的大学
Backroom’s boy 科学家，智囊团(参与国家机密研究)
Back seat driver 指手画脚的，乱批评的人
11. It was/is true that…..,but….
Eg.It is true that he is not quite clever ,but he is very diligent .他虽然不聪明，但是很勤奋.
12. Ashamed of having done 为自己的….而感到惭愧
Eg.Ashamed of having wronged his wife,he was very apologetic.
Convinced of sth 对….深信不疑
Eg.Convinced of his honesty ,he decided to make a friend of him.
13. Until (一) 直到
Eg.People seldom realize how precious their health is until it is lost.
Eg.Seldom do people realize how precious their health is until it is lost.
14. Wool n.羊毛 ，原料
Wool blanket 羊毛毯 fleece n.羊毛
Fur 皮毛 fur coat 羊皮大衣 pelt 生皮 hide 皮张 leather 皮革
Leather belt 皮带 leather shoes 皮鞋
15. Wash clean
Lick clean 添干净 drink hot 趁热喝 die young 年轻死去 stand petrified 身体吓疆了
1. Eat one’s words 收回前言
Eg.I am apologetic for having wrongs you,and I eat my words.
2. Keep a weather eye on sth (watch a situation so that you notice anything unusual or unpleasant.密切注意
Eg.Parents are always keeping a weather eye on their children.