Java 学习笔记 使用并发包ReentrantLock简化生产者消费者模式代码

说明

ReentrantLock是java官方的一个线程锁类,ReentarntLock实现了Lock的接口
我们只需要使用这个,就可以不用使用synchronized同步关键字以及对应的notifyall方法和wait方法去写我们的生产者消费者模式。
这样就可以大大简化我们的代码

代码

Producer.java

package producterandcustomer;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;

/**
 * @author StarsOne
 * @date Create in  2019-4-13 0013 14:51:21
 * @description
 */
class Producter extends Thread {
    List<Object> warehouse;
    private String name;
    Lock lock;

    public Producter(List<Object> warehouse, String name, Lock lock) {
        this.warehouse = warehouse;
        this.name = "生产者" + name;
        //多态,ReentarntLock实现了Lock的接口,所以可以传进来
        this.lock = lock;

    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        while (true) {
            //加锁
            lock.lock();
            try {
                if (warehouse.size() < 10) {
                    warehouse.add(new Object());
                    System.out.println(name + "生产1件" + "当前仓库有" + warehouse.size() + "件");
                }
            } finally {
                //解锁
                lock.unlock();
            }

            try {
                sleep(200);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

Consumer.java

package producterandcustomer;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;

/**
 * @author StarsOne
 * @date Create in  2019-4-13 0013 14:51:21
 * @description
 */
class Cuotmer extends Thread{
    List<Object> warehouse;
    private String name;
    Lock lock;

    public Cuotmer(List<Object> warehouse, String name, Lock lock) {
        this.warehouse = warehouse;
        this.name = "消费者"+name;
        this.lock = lock;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        while (true) {
            //加锁
            lock.lock();
            try {
                if (warehouse.size() > 0) {
                    warehouse.remove(0);
                    System.out.println(name+"消费1件"+"当前仓库有"+warehouse.size()+"件");
                }
            }finally {
                //最后释放
                lock.unlock();
            }

            try {
                sleep(200);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

Test.java

package producterandcustomer;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock;

/**
 * @author StarsOne
 * @date Create in  2019-4-13 0013 14:57:26
 * @description
 */
class Test {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<Object> warehouse = new ArrayList<>();
        Lock lock = new ReentrantLock();
        new Cuotmer(warehouse, "小米", lock).start();
        new Cuotmer(warehouse, "小蓝", lock).start();
        new Cuotmer(warehouse, "小浩", lock).start();
        new Cuotmer(warehouse, "小家", lock).start();
        new Cuotmer(warehouse, "小留", lock).start();

        new Producter(warehouse, "小一", lock).start();
        new Producter(warehouse, "小二", lock).start();
        new Producter(warehouse, "小香", lock).start();
        new Producter(warehouse, "小叫", lock).start();
        new Producter(warehouse, "小三", lock).start();


    }
}

posted @ 2019-04-15 20:31  Stars-one  阅读(190)  评论(0编辑  收藏