php通过thrift 0.9.0操作HBase

最近项目中需要使用thrift和php来读写HBase中的相关数据,所以就整理了下相关的类,做了下测试.

现在自己用到的操作HBase的方式主要有以下几种:

1.HBase Shell, 主要是配置后执行 shell 通过命令查看 HBase 中的数据,比如  count 'xxxx', scan 'xxxx' 等.

2.通过Native Java Api , 自己封装了一个 RESTfull的Api , 通过提供的Api(http)方式来操作HBase

3.使用Thrift 的序列化技术,Thrift支持C++,PHP,Python等语言,适合其他的异构系统操作HBase,这块刚刚尝试

4.使用HBasExplorer,之前写的一个图形化的客户端来操作HBase, http://www.cnblogs.com/scotoma/archive/2012/12/18/2824311.html

5. Hive/Pig , 这个现在还没真正的用过.

当前主要讲第三种方式 Thrift, 这个是Facebook开源出来的, 官方网站是 http://thrift.apache.org/  .

 

下载安装和启动,请看参考文章中的内容

查看是否跑成功...

 

使用php 类文件操作Hbase, 生成类文件的方式,请看参考文章中的生产的方法,不过我自己测试的生成方法有Bug,生成的 类文件中 namespace 是空的, 但是从官方源码库中生成的是 namespace Hbase, 所以这里需要注意一下.

我调试了一个驱动类文件,放到了github上了,大家需要的可以下载使用. 

https://github.com/xinqiyang/buddy/tree/master/Vender/thrift

接下来进行测试操作,参考http://blog.csdn.net/hguisu/article/details/7298456 这里的测试类,写了个测试,并调试了下

<?php

/***
Thrift Test Class by xinqiyang

*/

ini_set('display_error', E_ALL);

$GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'] = './lib';


/* Dependencies. In the proper order. */
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Transport/TTransport.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Transport/TSocket.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Protocol/TProtocol.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Protocol/TBinaryProtocol.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Transport/TBufferedTransport.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Type/TMessageType.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Factory/TStringFuncFactory.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/StringFunc/TStringFunc.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/StringFunc/Core.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Type/TType.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Exception/TException.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Exception/TTransportException.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/Exception/TProtocolException.php';





/* Remember these two files? */
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Types.php';
require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Hbase.php';




use Thrift\Protocol\TBinaryProtocol;
use Thrift\Transport\TSocket;
use Thrift\Transport\TSocketPool;
use Thrift\Transport\TFramedTransport;
use Thrift\Transport\TBufferedTransport;
use Hbase\HbaseClient;


//define host and port
$host = '192.168.56.56';
$port = 9090;
$socket = new Thrift\Transport\TSocket($host, $port);

$transport = new TBufferedTransport($socket);
$protocol = new TBinaryProtocol($transport);
// Create a calculator client
$client = new HbaseClient($protocol);
$transport->open();



//echo "Time: " . $client -> time();

$tables = $client->getTableNames();
sort($tables);

foreach ($tables as $name) {

	echo $name."\r\n";
}

//create a fc and then create a table
$columns = array(
	new \Hbase\ColumnDescriptor(array(
			'name' => 'id:',
			'maxVersions' => 10
		)),
	new \Hbase\ColumnDescriptor(array(
			'name' => 'name:'
		)),
	new \Hbase\ColumnDescriptor(array(
			'name' => 'score:'
		)),
);

$tableName = "student";



/*
try {
    $client->createTable($tableName, $columns);
} catch (AlreadyExists $ae) {
    var_dump( "WARN: {$ae->message}\n" );
}
*/

// get table descriptors
$descriptors = $client->getColumnDescriptors($tableName);
asort($descriptors);
foreach ($descriptors as $col) {
	var_dump( "  column: {$col->name}, maxVer: {$col->maxVersions}\n" );
}

//set clomn



//add update column data

$time = time();

var_dump($time);

$row = '2';
$valid = "foobar-".$time;



$mutations = array(
	new \Hbase\Mutation(array(
			'column' => 'score',
			'value' => $valid
		)),
);


$mutations1 = array(
	new \Hbase\Mutation(array(
			'column' => 'score:a',
			'value' => $time,
		)),
);


$attributes = array (

);



//add row, write a row
$row1 = $time;
$client->mutateRow($tableName, $row1, $mutations1, $attributes);

echo "-------write row $row1 ---\r\n";


//update row
$client->mutateRow($tableName, $row, $mutations, $attributes);


//get column data
$row_name = $time;
$fam_col_name = 'score:a';
$arr = $client->get($tableName, $row_name, $fam_col_name, $attributes);

// $arr = array
foreach ($arr as $k => $v) {
	// $k = TCell
	echo " ------ get one : value = {$v->value} , <br>  ";
	echo " ------ get one : timestamp = {$v->timestamp}  <br>";
}

echo "----------\r\n";

$arr = $client->getRow($tableName, $row_name, $attributes);
// $client->getRow return a array
foreach ($arr as $k => $TRowResult) {
	// $k = 0 ; non-use
	// $TRowResult = TRowResult
	var_dump($TRowResult);
}


echo "----------\r\n";
/******
  //no test
  public function scannerOpenWithScan($tableName, \Hbase\TScan $scan, $attributes);

  public function scannerOpen($tableName, $startRow, $columns, $attributes);
  public function scannerOpenWithStop($tableName, $startRow, $stopRow, $columns, $attributes);
  public function scannerOpenWithPrefix($tableName, $startAndPrefix, $columns, $attributes);
  public function scannerOpenTs($tableName, $startRow, $columns, $timestamp, $attributes);
  public function scannerOpenWithStopTs($tableName, $startRow, $stopRow, $columns, $timestamp, $attributes);
  public function scannerGet($id);
  public function scannerGetList($id, $nbRows);
  public function scannerClose($id);
*/


echo "----scanner get ------\r\n";
$startRow = '1';
$columns = array ('column' => 'score', );


//

$scan = $client->scannerOpen($tableName, $startRow, $columns, $attributes);

//$startAndPrefix = '13686667';
//$scan = $client->scannerOpenWithPrefix($tableName,$startAndPrefix,$columns,$attributes);

//$startRow = '1';
//$stopRow = '2';
//$scan = $client->scannerOpenWithStop($tableName, $startRow, $stopRow, $columns, $attributes);



//$arr = $client->scannerGet($scan);

$nbRows = 1000;

$arr = $client->scannerGetList($scan, $nbRows);

var_dump('count of result :'.count($arr));

foreach ($arr as $k => $TRowResult) {
	// code...
	//var_dump($TRowResult);
}

$client->scannerClose($scan);

//close transport
$transport->close();

  

这里操作了 createTable , Insert Row , Get Table , Update Row,Scan Table 这些常用的,先熟悉下.

 

实际操作的时候,需要注意:

1.php的版本,需要支持命名空间,所以需要5.3以上的支持

2.安装thrift的php扩展,貌似这个没有实际用到,还是得使用相关的php文件,谁能写个扩展就好了.不知道性能是否能够提升.

3.对于scan的相关操作,测试了 start/stop, prefix的Scan,感觉还是可以的.

4.感觉php的命名空间很挫,怎么办..\分割感觉就是那么的不地道......

接下来,有时间的话,会做下其他的几个操作,并进行压力测试,并将这个部署到集群中去.

大家有用Thrift的欢迎交流,感谢hguisu写的这个文章(参考文章),让大家能够尽快的入门.

 

更新内容:

20130517   在集群上启动了Thrift发现写入操作的时候,还是不稳定,有比较严重的超时现象,对于这块的操作,需要进行 php 操作类的优化. 其实感觉操作类还是写的太复杂的了.

 

 

 

参考文章:

http://blog.csdn.net/hguisu/article/details/7298456

 

 

 

posted @ 2013-05-16 09:54 xinqiyang 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏