代码改变世界

Mysql的源码安装

2011-04-10 21:31  心中无码  阅读(6107)  评论(15编辑  收藏  举报

  闲来无事,准备学习下Mysql的源代码,花了1个小时的时间,终于在VS2008中运行起来Mysql了,有些地方也是知之甚少,理解错了希望大家及时纠正,下面介绍下如何进行配置。

Step 1:

  下载Mysql源代码,在http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/ 网站中,包含两种格式的Mysql,MSI Installer  ZIP ArchiveMSI Installer是直接安装程序,ZIP Archive中包含两种大小的ZIP,从大小可以看出,较小的是源码。Install和ZIP的具体区别请参考:http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/windows-choosing-package.html

Step 2:

  别告诉我你没有VS,呃,好吧,你是外星人。

Step 3:

  下载CMAKE,安装后,在CMD中测试是否安装成功。至于是干啥的,后面再讲吧。下载地址http://www.cmake.org

Step4:

  下载bision,因为Mysql的词法和语法分析是使用的lex和yacc,下载地址:http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/bison.htm

Step 5:

  将下载下来的ZIP文件解压,我解压到了D:\open_src\mysql 中,CMD进入mysql目录下,执行脚本文件:

C:\>d:

D:
\>cd open_src

D:
\open_src>cd mysql

D:
\open_src\mysql>wscript win\configure.js WITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE WITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE MYSQL_SERVER_SUFFIX=-pro

  

  脚本后面带有三个参数,具体的参数根据自己的需要进行设置,这里选择了INNODB的存储引擎,

  貌似这个很流行,提供的可选参数如下:

   WITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE Enable particular storage engines
WITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE
WITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE
WITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE
WITH_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE
WITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE
__NT__ Enable named pipe support
MYSQL_SERVER_SUFFIX
=<suffix> Server suffix, default none
COMPILATION_COMMENT
=<comment> Server comment, default "Source distribution"
MYSQL_TCP_PORT
=<port> Server port, default 3306
CYBOZU Default character
set is UTF8
EMBED_MANIFESTS Embed custom manifests into final exes
, otherwise VS
default will be used
. (Note - This option should only be
used by MySQL AB
.)
WITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER Configure solution to produce libmysqld
.dll
and the static mysqlserver
.lib

打开configure.js脚本文件,如下所示:

 

try
{
var fso
= new ActiveXObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject");

var args
= WScript.Arguments

// read in the Unix configure.in file

/**<p>打开文件mysql/configure.ini ,此文件是一些默认配置值,
        如端口号MYSQL_TCP_PORT_DEFAULT</p>*/
var configureInTS
= fso.OpenTextFile("configure.in", ForReading);
var configureIn
= configureInTS.ReadAll();
configureInTS
.Close();
var default_comment
= "Source distribution";
var default_port
= GetValue(configureIn, "MYSQL_TCP_PORT_DEFAULT");
var actual_port
= 0;

/**<p>输出文件mysql/win/configure.data ,此文件是运行js脚本产生的一些参数</p>*/
var configfile
= fso.CreateTextFile("win\\configure.data", true);
for (i=0; i < args.Count(); i++)
{
var parts
= args.Item(i).split('=');
switch
(parts[0])
{
case
"CYBOZU":
case
"EMBED_MANIFESTS":
case
"EXTRA_DEBUG":
case
"WITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER":
case
"WITHOUT_MARIA_TEMP_TABLES":
configfile
.WriteLine("SET (" + args.Item(i) + " TRUE)");
break;
case
"MYSQL_SERVER_SUFFIX":
case
"MYSQLD_EXE_SUFFIX":
configfile
.WriteLine("SET (" + parts[0] + " \""
+ parts[1] + "\")");
break;
case
"COMPILATION_COMMENT":
default_comment
= parts[1];
break;
case
"MYSQL_TCP_PORT":
actual_port
= parts[1];
break;
}
}
.....
.....

由此可见configure.js是利用我们传入的参数和configure.in文件,生成一个configure.data文件,其内容如下所示:

 

SET (MYSQL_SERVER_SUFFIX "-pro")
SET (COMPILATION_COMMENT "Source distribution")
SET (PROTOCOL_VERSION "10")
SET (DOT_FRM_VERSION "6")
SET (MYSQL_TCP_PORT_DEFAULT "0")
SET (MYSQL_TCP_PORT "3306")
SET (MYSQL_UNIX_ADDR "/tmp/mysql.sock")
SET (VERSION "5.1.48")
SET (MYSQL_BASE_VERSION "5.1")
SET (MYSQL_VERSION_ID "50148")
SET(WITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE TRUE)
SET(WITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE TRUE)

Step 6:

执行win目录下的build-vs9.bat批处理文件,打开这个文件,只有一条语句:

cmake -G "Visual Studio 9 2008"

cmake是一个跨平台的自动化构建系统,即根据平台和编译器生成不同的make文件(UNIX下的叫法)。

-G <generator-name> = Specify a makefile generator.

Generators

The following generators are available
on this platform:
Borland Makefiles
= Generates Borland makefiles.
MSYS Makefiles
= Generates MSYS makefiles.
MinGW Makefiles
= Generates a make file for use with
mingw32-make
.
NMake Makefiles
= Generates NMake makefiles.
NMake Makefiles JOM
= Generates JOM makefiles.
Unix Makefiles
= Generates standard UNIX makefiles.
Visual Studio
10 = Generates Visual Studio 10 project files.
Visual Studio
10 Win64 = Generates Visual Studio 10 Win64 project
files.
Visual Studio
6 = Generates Visual Studio 6 project files.
Visual Studio
7 = Generates Visual Studio .NET 2002 project
files.
Visual Studio
7 .NET 2003 = Generates Visual Studio .NET 2003 project
files.
Visual Studio
8 2005 = Generates Visual Studio .NET 2005 project
files.
Visual Studio
8 2005 Win64 = Generates Visual Studio .NET 2005 Win64
project
files.
Visual Studio
9 2008 = Generates Visual Studio 9 2008 project files.
Visual Studio
9 2008 Win64 = Generates Visual Studio 9 2008 Win64 project

  build-vs9.bat中CMAKE的参数是Visual Studio 9 2008,即Generates Visual Studio 9 2008 project files。Cmake执行时,会使用step 5中生成的configure.data文件,具体咋使用的我也小白了,咱就不研究了。最后会在mysql根目录下生成一个VS的解决方案文件MySql.sln。

Step 7:

  设置数据目录,Mysqld启动时,首先去WINDIR中找my.ini配置文件,可以通过如下命令获取WINDIR的路径:

 

C:\>echo %WINDIR%

C:
\WINDOWS

 

如果没有my.ini文件,可以自己创建一个,看到如下内容:

[mysqld]
# set basedir to your installation path
basedir
=D:/mysql
# set datadir to the location of your data directory
datadir
=D:/mysql/win/data

设置了两个参数,mysql的参数路径,我们通过修改这两个参数来指向我们具体的目录。

[mysqld]
# set basedir to your installation path
basedir
=D:/open_src/mysql
# set datadir to the location of your data directory
datadir
=D:/open_src/mysql/win/data

   如果不想自己创建的话,可以将win目录下的data目录整体拷贝到sql目录下。

step 8:

  将sql目录下的share目录整体拷贝下mysql根目录下,因为SERVER启动时需要在Mysql/share目录下找一个errmsg.txt,用于记录错误信息,当然你也可以不进行整体的目录拷贝,只将errmsg.txt拷贝过去也行,但是确保是这样的路径mysql/share/errmsg.txt.

step 9:

       启动mysql服务器,mysql解决方案中,服务器是mysqld项目,客户端是mysql项目,分别编译这两个项目。在编译sql_locale.cc文件时,会出现ERROR,用ULTRA EDIT打开sql_locale.cc文件,另存为UTF-8格式,覆盖原文件即可。使用VS启动服务器mysqld,使用命令行启动客户端mysql:

D:\open_src\mysql\client\Debug>mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor
. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is
1
Server version:
5.1.48-pro-debug Source distribution

mysql
> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| test |
+--------------------+
3 rows in set (0.08 sec)
服务器可以在VS下进行调试了,yeah~~