wpf 两个自定义控件

wpf 两个自定义控件

一个是IP控件,一个滑动条。先看下效果图

IPControl

1、实际工作中有时需要设置IP信息,就想着做一个ip控件。效果没有window自带的好,需要通过tab切换。但也能满足使用。废话不多说直接上代码

IPControl.xaml
<UserControl x:Class="WpfApp1.IPControl"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WpfApp1">

    <Viewbox>
        <Border>
            <DockPanel>
                <DockPanel.Resources>
                    <Style TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}">
                        <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Center"/>
                        <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Top"/>
                        <Setter Property="TextAlignment" Value="Center"/>
                        <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0"/>
                        <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Left"/>
                        <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Stretch"/>
                        <Setter Property="MaxLength" Value="3"/>
                        <Setter Property="Width" Value="30"/>
                        <Setter Property="Height" Value="25"/>
                    </Style>
                    <Style TargetType="{x:Type Label}">
                        <Setter Property="Content" Value="."/>
                    </Style>
                </DockPanel.Resources>
                <TextBox TabIndex="1" GotFocus="TextBoxGotFocus" Text="{Binding Path=FirstIPValue, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:IPControl}}, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"/>
                <Label/>
                <TextBox TabIndex="2" GotFocus="TextBoxGotFocus" Text="{Binding Path=SecondIPValue, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:IPControl}}, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"/>
                <Label/>
                <TextBox TabIndex="3" GotFocus="TextBoxGotFocus" Text="{Binding Path=ThirdIPValue, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:IPControl}}, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"/>
                <Label/>
                <TextBox TabIndex="4" GotFocus="TextBoxGotFocus" Text="{Binding Path=ForthIPValue, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:IPControl}}, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"/>
            </DockPanel>
        </Border>
    </Viewbox>
</UserControl>
IPControl.xaml.cs
    public partial class IPControl : UserControl
    {
        public IPControl()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }


        #region  DependencyProperty

        public static readonly DependencyProperty IPAddressProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("IPAddress", typeof(string), typeof(IPControl), new PropertyMetadata(defaultIP, (d, e) =>
            {
                if (d is IPControl control)
                {
                    control.UpdateParts(control);
                }
            }));

        public string IPAddress
        {
            get { return (string)GetValue(IPAddressProperty); }
            set { SetValue(IPAddressProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion


        #region Static Field

        private static readonly string defaultIP = "127.0.0.1";

        #endregion


        #region Field

        private string firstIPValue;
        private string secondIPValue;
        private string thirdIPValue;
        private string forthIPValue;

        #endregion


        #region Property

        public string FirstIPValue
        {
            get { return firstIPValue; }
            set
            {
                if (firstIPValue != value)
                {
                    UpdateIPText(value, 1, ref firstIPValue);
                }
            }
        }

        public string SecondIPValue
        {
            get { return secondIPValue; }
            set
            {
                if (secondIPValue != value)
                {
                    UpdateIPText(value, 0, ref secondIPValue);
                }
            }
        }

        public string ThirdIPValue
        {
            get { return thirdIPValue; }
            set
            {
                if (thirdIPValue != value)
                {
                    UpdateIPText(value, 0, ref thirdIPValue);
                }
            }
        }

        public string ForthIPValue
        {
            get { return forthIPValue; }
            set
            {
                if (forthIPValue != value)
                {
                    UpdateIPText(value, 0, ref forthIPValue);
                }
            }
        }

        #endregion


        #region Private Method

        private void TextBoxGotFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            InputMethod.Current.ImeState = InputMethodState.Off;
            TextBox tb = sender as TextBox;
            if (tb.Text.Length != 0)
            {
                tb.SelectAll();
            }
        }

        private void UpdateIPText(string oldvalue, int minValue, ref string newValue)
        {
            int.TryParse(oldvalue, out int iValue);
            if (iValue < minValue)
            {
                iValue = minValue;
            }
            if (iValue > 255)
            {
                iValue = 255;
            }
            newValue = iValue.ToString();
            IPAddress = GetIPAddress();
        }

        private string GetIPAddress()
        {
            string str = "";
            if (firstIPValue != null && firstIPValue.Length > 0)
            {
                str += firstIPValue + ".";
            }
            else
            {
                str += "0.";
            }
            if (secondIPValue != null && secondIPValue.Length > 0)
            {
                str += secondIPValue + ".";
            }
            else
            {
                str += "0.";
            }
            if (thirdIPValue != null && thirdIPValue.Length > 0)
            {
                str += thirdIPValue + ".";
            }
            else
            {
                str += "0.";
            }
            if (forthIPValue != null && forthIPValue.Length > 0)
            {
                str += forthIPValue;
            }
            else
            {
                str += "0";
            }
            return str;
        }

        private void UpdateParts(IPControl control)
        {
            if (control.IPAddress == null)
            {
                control.IPAddress = defaultIP;
            }
            string[] parts = control.IPAddress.Split('.');
            if (parts.Length == 4)
            {
                control.FirstIPValue = parts[0];
                control.SecondIPValue = parts[1];
                control.ThirdIPValue = parts[2];
                control.ForthIPValue = parts[3];
            }
        }

        #endregion

    }

2、控件有4个TextBox、4个Label组成。TextBox显示IP值,Label显示IP数据的“.”。

TextBox绑定依赖属性,设置TabIndex参数,通过Tab按键切换到下一个TextBox。每个TextBox最多输入3位

LightControl

1、前段时间,领导紧急安排一个工作。做一个测试灯光的小软件。与负责灯光同事沟通得知,光源板可同时控制24路灯。也就是说软件界面上需要有24个ScrollBar用来表示灯光亮度,24个Label显示名称。这要是一个一个控件加太慢了,没法做一个自定义空间,可设置显示名称,通过滑动条或者直接设置参数,改变亮度。于是需要一个Label、一个ScrollBar、一个TextBox与ScrollBar关联。

LightControl.xaml
<UserControl x:Class="WpfApp1.LightControl"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WpfApp1">

    <Viewbox>
        <Border>
            <DockPanel>
                <Label Content="{Binding Path=LabelContent, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:LightControl}}}"
                       FontSize="17" Width="80" VerticalContentAlignment="Center"/>
                <ScrollBar Value="{Binding Path=LightValue, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:LightControl}}}"
                           Orientation="Horizontal" Height="40" Width="200" Maximum="100" SmallChange="1"/>
                <TextBox Text="{Binding Path=LightValue, StringFormat={}{0:F4}, RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, AncestorType={x:Type local:LightControl}}, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                         FontSize="17" Width="80" VerticalContentAlignment="Center"/>
            </DockPanel>
        </Border>
    </Viewbox>
</UserControl>
LightControl.xaml.cs
    public partial class LightControl : UserControl
    {
        public LightControl()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }


        #region  DependencyProperty

        public static readonly DependencyProperty LabelContentProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("LabelContent", typeof(string), typeof(LightControl), new PropertyMetadata("灯光"));

        public string LabelContent
        {
            get { return (string)GetValue(LabelContentProperty); }
            set { SetValue(LabelContentProperty, value); }
        }


        public static readonly DependencyProperty LightValueProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("LightValue", typeof(double), typeof(LightControl), new PropertyMetadata(1.0));

        public double LightValue
        {
            get { return (double)GetValue(LightValueProperty); }
            set { SetValue(LightValueProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion


    }

2、Label显示名称通过依赖属性由外接传入。

3、ScrollBar的Value属性与TextBox的Text属性绑定同一个依赖属性,可传递到调用者,同时TextBox显示信息设置保留小数点4位。

工作中有时需要自己做一些自定义控件,用来满足不同场景的需求。两个小控件,比较简单,希望此文能提供一些思路给你。

posted @ 2019-11-10 19:34  njit_77  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏