Oracle 存储过程

   简要记录存储过程语法与Java程序的调用方式

  一 存储过程

    首先,我们建立一个简单的表进行存储过程的测试

create table
xuesheng(id
integer, xing_ming varchar2(25), yu_wen number, shu_xue number);

insert into xuesheng values(1,'zhangsan',80,90)
insert into xuesheng values(2,'lisi',85,87)

1)无返回值的存储过程

create or replace procedure xs_proc_no is
begin
insert into xuesheng values (3, 'wangwu', 90, 90);
commit;
end xs_proc_no;

2)有单个数据值返回的存储过程

create or replace procedure xs_proc(temp_name in varchar2,
temp_num out
number) is
num_1
number;
num_2
number;
begin
select yu_wen, shu_xue
into num_1, num_2
from xuesheng
where xing_ming = temp_name;
--dbms_output.put_line(num_1 + num_2);
temp_num := num_1 + num_2;
end;

其中,以上两种与sql server基本类似,而对于返回数据集时,上述方法则不能满足我们的要求。在Oracle中,一般使用ref cursor来返回数据集。示例代码如下:

3)有返回值的存储过程(列表返回)

首先,建立我们自己的包。并定义包中的一个自定义ref cursor

create or replace package mypackage as
type my_cursor
is ref cursor;
end mypackage;

在定义了ref cursor后,可以书写我们的程序代码

create or replace procedure xs_proc_list(shuxue in number,
p_cursor out mypackage.my_cursor)
is
begin
open p_cursor for
select * from xuesheng where shu_xue > shuxue;
end xs_proc_list;

 二、程序调用

在本节中,我们使用java语言调用存储过程。其中,关键是使用CallableStatement这个对象,代码如下:

String oracleDriverName = "oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver";

		// 以下使用的Test就是Oracle里的表空间
		String oracleUrlToConnect = "jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521:orcl";
		Connection myConnection = null;
		try {
			Class.forName(oracleDriverName);
		} catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
			ex.printStackTrace();
		}
		try {
			myConnection = DriverManager.getConnection(oracleUrlToConnect,
					"xxxx", "xxxx");//此处为数据库用户名与密码

		} catch (Exception ex) {
			ex.printStackTrace();
		}
		try {
			
			CallableStatement proc=null;
			proc=myConnection.prepareCall("{call xs_proc(?,?)}");
			proc.setString(1, "zhangsan");
			proc.registerOutParameter(2, Types.NUMERIC);
			proc.execute();
			String teststring=proc.getString(2);
			System.out.println(teststring);

		} catch (Exception ex) {
			ex.printStackTrace();
		}

对于列表返回值的存储过程,在上述代码中做简单修改。如下

CallableStatement proc=null;
proc
=myConnection.prepareCall("{call getdcsj(?,?,?,?,?)}");
proc.setString(
1, strDate);
proc.setString(
2, jzbh);
proc.registerOutParameter(
3, Types.NUMERIC);
proc.registerOutParameter(
4, OracleTypes.CURSOR);
proc.registerOutParameter(
5, OracleTypes.CURSOR);
proc.execute();
ResultSet rs
=null;
int total_number=proc.getInt(3);
rs
=(ResultSet)proc.getObject(4);

上述存储过程修改完毕。另外,一个复杂的工程项目中的例子:查询一段数据中间隔不超过十分钟且连续超过100条的数据。即上述代码所调用的getdcsj存储过程

create or replace procedure getDcsj(var_flag     in varchar2,
                                    var_jzbh     in varchar2,
                                    number_total out number,
                                    var_cursor_a out mypackage.my_cursor,
                                    var_cursor_b out mypackage.my_cursor) is
  total number;
  cursor cur is
    select sj, flag
      from d_dcsj
     where jzbh = var_jzbh
     order by sj desc
       for update;
  last_time date;
begin
  for cur1 in cur loop
    if last_time is null or cur1.sj >= last_time - 10 / 60 / 24 then
      update d_dcsj set flag = var_flag where current of cur;
      last_time := cur1.sj;
    else
      select count(*) into total from d_dcsj where flag = var_flag;
      dbms_output.put_line(total);
      if total < 100 then
        update d_dcsj set flag = null where flag = var_flag;
        last_time := null;
        update d_dcsj set flag = var_flag where current of cur;
      else
        open var_cursor_a for
          select *
            from d_dcsj
           where flag = var_flag
             and jzbh = var_jzbh
             and zh = 'A'
           order by sj desc;
        number_total := total;
        open var_cursor_b for
          select *
            from d_dcsj
           where flag = var_flag
             and jzbh = var_jzbh
             and zh = 'B'
           order by sj desc;
        number_total := total;
        exit;
      end if;
    end if;
  end loop;
  select count(*) into total from d_dcsj where flag = var_flag;
  dbms_output.put_line(total);
  if total < 100 then
    open var_cursor_a for
      select * from d_dcsj where zh = 'C';
    open var_cursor_b for
      select * from d_dcsj where zh = 'C';
  else
    open var_cursor_a for
      select *
        from d_dcsj
       where flag = var_flag
         and jzbh = var_jzbh
         and zh = 'A'
       order by sj desc;
    number_total := total;
    open var_cursor_b for
      select *
        from d_dcsj
       where flag = var_flag
         and jzbh = var_jzbh
         and zh = 'B'
       order by sj desc;
    number_total := total;
  end if;
  commit;
end;
/
posted @ 2011-06-22 20:08  可乐LL  阅读(49113)  评论(9编辑  收藏