模板备份

线段树:

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cstring>
using namespace std;
const int N=1e5;
typedef long long ll;
int a[N+10],n,m;
struct SegmentTree
{
	int l,r;
	ll add,sum;
}t[N*4+10];
void build(int p,int l,int r)
{
	t[p].l=l;
	t[p].r=r;
	if(l==r)
	{
		t[p].sum=a[l];
		return;
	}
	int mid=(l+r)/2;
	build(p*2,l,mid);
	build(p*2+1,mid+1,r);
	t[p].sum=t[p*2].sum+t[p*2+1].sum;
}
void spread(int p)
{
	if(t[p].add)
	{
		t[p*2].add+=t[p].add;
		t[p*2+1].add+=t[p].add;
		t[p*2].sum+=(t[p*2].r-t[p*2].l+1)*t[p].add;
		t[p*2+1].sum+=(t[p*2+1].r-t[p*2+1].l+1)*t[p].add;
		t[p].add=0; 
	}
}
void change(int p,int l,int r,int d)
{
	if(l<=t[p].l && t[p].r<=r)
	{
		t[p].add+=d;
		t[p].sum+=(t[p].r-t[p].l+1)*d;
		return;
	}
	spread(p);
	int mid=(t[p].l+t[p].r)/2;
	if(l<=mid) change(p*2,l,r,d);
	if(r>mid) change(p*2+1,l,r,d);
	t[p].sum=t[p*2].sum+t[p*2+1].sum; 
}
ll query(int p,int l,int r)
{
	if(l<=t[p].l && t[p].r<=r) return t[p].sum;
	ll ans=0;
	spread(p);
	int mid=(t[p].l+t[p].r)/2;
	if(l<=mid) ans+=query(p*2,l,r);
	if(mid<r) ans+=query(p*2+1,l,r);
	return ans;
}
int main()
{
	scanf("%d %d",&n,&m);
	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++) scanf("%d",&a[i]);
	build(1,1,n);
	for(int i=1;i<=m;i++)
	{
		int p;
		scanf("%d",&p);
		if(p==1)
		{
			int l,r,d;
			scanf("%d %d %d",&l,&r,&d);
			change(1,l,r,d);
		}
		else 
		{
			int l,r;
			scanf("%d %d",&l,&r);
			printf("%lld\n",query(1,l,r));
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

kmp:

void init()
{
	int lb=strlen(b+1);
	for(int i=2,j=0;i<=lb;i++)
	{
		while(j && b[i]!=b[j+1]) j=nxt[j];
		if(b[i]==b[j+1]) j++;
		nxt[i]=j;
	}
}
int kmp()
{
	int ans=0;
	int la=strlen(a+1),lb=strlen(b+1);
	for(int i=1,j=0;i<=la;i++)
	{
		while(j && a[i]!=b[j+1]) j=nxt[j];
		if(a[i]==b[j+1]) j++;
		if(j==lb)
		{
			ans++;
			j=nxt[j];
		}
	}
	return ans;
}

火车头:

#pragma GCC optimize(3)
#pragma GCC target("avx")
#pragma GCC optimize("Ofast")
#pragma GCC optimize("inline")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fgcse")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fgcse-lm")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fipa-sra")
#pragma GCC optimize("-ftree-pre")
#pragma GCC optimize("-ftree-vrp")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fpeephole2")
#pragma GCC optimize("-ffast-math")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fsched-spec")
#pragma GCC optimize("unroll-loops")
#pragma GCC optimize("-falign-jumps")
#pragma GCC optimize("-falign-loops")
#pragma GCC optimize("-falign-labels")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fdevirtualize")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fcaller-saves")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fcrossjumping")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fthread-jumps")
#pragma GCC optimize("-funroll-loops")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fwhole-program")
#pragma GCC optimize("-freorder-blocks")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fschedule-insns")
#pragma GCC optimize("inline-functions")
#pragma GCC optimize("-ftree-tail-merge")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fschedule-insns2")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fstrict-aliasing")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fstrict-overflow")
#pragma GCC optimize("-falign-functions")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fcse-skip-blocks")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fcse-follow-jumps")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fsched-interblock")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fpartial-inlining")
#pragma GCC optimize("no-stack-protector")
#pragma GCC optimize("-freorder-functions")
#pragma GCC optimize("-findirect-inlining")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fhoist-adjacent-loads")
#pragma GCC optimize("-frerun-cse-after-loop")
#pragma GCC optimize("inline-small-functions")
#pragma GCC optimize("-finline-small-functions")
#pragma GCC optimize("-ftree-switch-conversion")
#pragma GCC optimize("-foptimize-sibling-calls")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fexpensive-optimizations")
#pragma GCC optimize("-funsafe-loop-optimizations")
#pragma GCC optimize("inline-functions-called-once")
#pragma GCC optimize("-fdelete-null-pointer-checks")
#pragma GCC optimize(2)

Splay:

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cstring>
using namespace std;
const int N=1e5;
int rt,tot,sz[N+10],ch[N+10][2],fa[N+10],cnt[N+10],val[N+10];
void maintain(int x) {sz[x]=sz[ch[x][0]]+sz[ch[x][1]]+cnt[x];}
void clear(int x) {sz[x]=ch[x][0]=ch[x][1]=fa[x]=cnt[x]=val[x]=0;}
int get(int x) {return ch[fa[x]][1]==x;}
void rorate(int x)
{
	int y=fa[x],z=fa[y],w=get(x);
	ch[y][w]=ch[x][w^1];
	fa[ch[x][w^1]]=y;
	ch[x][w^1]=y;
	fa[y]=x;
	fa[x]=z;
	if(z) ch[z][y==ch[z][1]]=x;
	maintain(y);
	maintain(x);
}
void splay(int x)
{
	for(int f=fa[x];f=fa[x],f;rorate(x))
		if(fa[f]) rorate(get(f)==get(x)?f:x);
	rt=x;
}
void ins(int k)
{
	if(!rt)
	{
		val[++tot]=k;
		cnt[tot]++;
		rt=tot;
		maintain(rt);
		return;
	}
	int cur=rt,f=0;
	while(1)
	{
		if(val[cur]==k)
		{
			cnt[cur]++;
			maintain(cur);
			maintain(f);
			splay(cur);
			break;
		}
		f=cur;
		cur=ch[cur][val[cur]<k];
		if(!cur)
		{
			val[++tot]=k;
			cnt[tot]++;
			fa[tot]=f;
			ch[f][val[f]<k]=tot;
			maintain(tot);
			maintain(f);
			splay(tot);
			break;
		}
	}
}
int rk(int k)
{
	int cur=rt,res=0;
	while(1)
	{
		if(k<val[cur]) cur=ch[cur][0];
		else
		{
			res+=sz[ch[cur][0]];
			if(val[cur]==k)
			{
				splay(cur);
				return res+1;
			}
			res+=cnt[cur];
			cur=ch[cur][1];
		}
	}
}
int kth(int k)
{
	int cur=rt;
	while(1)
	{
		if(k<=sz[ch[cur][0]] && ch[cur][0]) cur=ch[cur][0];
		else
		{
			k-=sz[ch[cur][0]]+cnt[cur];
			if(k<=0)
			{
				splay(cur);
				return val[cur];
			}
			cur=ch[cur][1];
		}
	}
}
int pre()
{
	int cur=ch[rt][0];
	while(ch[cur][1]) cur=ch[cur][1];
	return cur;
}
int nxt()
{
	int cur=ch[rt][1];
	while(ch[cur][0]) cur=ch[cur][0];
	return cur;
}
void del(int k)
{
	rk(k);
	if(cnt[rt]>1) 
	{
		cnt[rt]--;
		maintain(rt);
		return;
	}
	if(!ch[rt][0] && !ch[rt][1])
	{
		clear(rt);
		rt=0;
		return;
	}
	if(!ch[rt][0])
	{
		int cur=rt;
		rt=ch[rt][1];
		fa[rt]=0;
		clear(cur);
		return;
	}
	if(!ch[rt][1])
	{
		int cur=rt;
		rt=ch[rt][0];
		fa[rt]=0;
		clear(cur);
		return;
	}
	int cur=rt,x=pre();
	splay(x);
	fa[ch[cur][1]]=x;
	ch[x][1]=ch[cur][1];
	clear(cur);
	maintain(rt);
}
int main()
{
	int n;
	scanf("%d",&n);
	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
	{
		int p,x;
		scanf("%d %d",&p,&x);
		if(p==1) ins(x);
		else if(p==2) del(x);
		else if(p==3) printf("%d\n",rk(x));
		else if(p==4) printf("%d\n",kth(x));
		else if(p==5)
		{
			ins(x);
			printf("%d\n",val[pre()]);
			del(x);
		}
		else
		{
			ins(x);
			printf("%d\n",val[nxt()]);
			del(x);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}
posted @ 2020-05-22 12:35  zzt1208  阅读(42)  评论(0编辑  收藏