springSecurity源码分析——DelegatingFilterProxy类的作用

使用过springSecurity的朋友都知道,首先需要在web.xml进行以下配置,

<filter>
  <filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>
  <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class> 

  <init-param>

        <param-name>targetFilterLifecycle</param-name>
        <param-value>true</param-value>  <!-- 默认是false -->
    </init-param>

 </filter>

<filter-mapping>
  <filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>
  <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>

 </filter-mapping>

从这个配置中,可能会给我们造成一个错觉,以为DelegatingFilterProxy类就是springSecurity的入口,但其实这个类位于spring-web-3.0.5.RELEASE.jar这个jar下面,说明这个类本身是和springSecurity无关。DelegatingFilterProxy类继承于抽象类GenericFilterBean,间接地implement 了javax.servlet.Filter接口,Servlet容器在启动时,首先会调用Filter的init方法,GenericFilterBean的作用主要是可以把Filter的初始化参数自动地set到继承于GenericFilterBean类的Filter中去。在其init方法的如下代码就是做了这个事:

PropertyValues pvs = new FilterConfigPropertyValues(filterConfig, this.requiredProperties);
BeanWrapper bw = PropertyAccessorFactory.forBeanPropertyAccess(this);
ResourceLoader resourceLoader = new ServletContextResourceLoader(filterConfig.getServletContext());
bw.registerCustomEditor(Resource.class, new ResourceEditor(resourceLoader));
initBeanWrapper(bw);
bw.setPropertyValues(pvs, true);

 另外在init方法中调用了initFilterBean()方法,该方法是GenericFilterBean类是特地留给子类扩展用的,

protected void initFilterBean() throws ServletException {
		// If no target bean name specified, use filter name.
		if (this.targetBeanName == null) {
			this.targetBeanName = getFilterName();
		}

		// Fetch Spring root application context and initialize the delegate early,
		// if possible. If the root application context will be started after this
		// filter proxy, we'll have to resort to lazy initialization.
		synchronized (this.delegateMonitor) {
			WebApplicationContext wac = findWebApplicationContext();
			if (wac != null) {
				this.delegate = initDelegate(wac);
			}
		}
	}

 可以看出上述代码首先看Filter是否提供了targetBeanName初始化参数,如果没有提供则直接使用filter的name做为beanName,产生了beanName后,由于我们在web.xml的filter的name是springSecurityFilterChain,从spring的IOC容器中取出bean的代码是initDelegate方法,下面是该方法代码:

protected Filter initDelegate(WebApplicationContext wac) throws ServletException {
		Filter delegate = wac.getBean(getTargetBeanName(), Filter.class);
		if (isTargetFilterLifecycle()) {
			delegate.init(getFilterConfig());
		}
		return delegate;
}

 通过跟踪代码,发现取出的bean是org.springframework.security.FilterChainProxy,该类也是继承于GenericFilterBean,取出bean后,判断targetFilterLifecycle属性是false还是true,决定是否调用该类的init方法。这个FilterChainProxy bean实例最终被保存在DelegatingFilterProxy类的delegate属性里,

下面看一下DelegatingFilterProxy类的doFilter方法

public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain filterChain)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		// Lazily initialize the delegate if necessary.
		Filter delegateToUse = null;
		synchronized (this.delegateMonitor) {
			if (this.delegate == null) {
				WebApplicationContext wac = findWebApplicationContext();
				if (wac == null) {
					throw new IllegalStateException("No WebApplicationContext found: no ContextLoaderListener registered?");
				}
				this.delegate = initDelegate(wac);
			}
			delegateToUse = this.delegate;
		}

		// Let the delegate perform the actual doFilter operation.
		invokeDelegate(delegateToUse, request, response, filterChain);
	}

 真正要关注invokeDelegate(delegateToUse, request, response, filterChain);这句代码,在下面可以看出DelegatingFilterProxy类实际是用其delegate属性即org.springframework.security.FilterChainProxy实例的doFilter方法来响应请求。

protected void invokeDelegate(
			Filter delegate, ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain filterChain)
			throws ServletException, IOException {

		delegate.doFilter(request, response, filterChain);
	}

 

以上就是DelegatingFilterProxy类的一些内部运行机制,其实主要作用就是一个代理模式的应用,可以把servlet 容器中的filter同spring容器中的bean关联起来。

此外还要注意一个DelegatingFilterProxy的一个初始化参数:targetFilterLifecycle ,其默认值为false 。 但如果被其代理的filter的init()方法和destry()方法需要被调用时,需要设置targetFilterLifecycle为true。具体可见DelegatingFilterProxy中的如下代码:

protected void initFilterBean() throws ServletException {
		synchronized (this.delegateMonitor) {
			if (this.delegate == null) {
				// If no target bean name specified, use filter name.
				if (this.targetBeanName == null) {
					this.targetBeanName = getFilterName();
				}
				// Fetch Spring root application context and initialize the delegate early,
				// if possible. If the root application context will be started after this
				// filter proxy, we'll have to resort to lazy initialization.
				WebApplicationContext wac = findWebApplicationContext();
				if (wac != null) {
					this.delegate = initDelegate(wac);
				}
			}
		}
	}


protected Filter initDelegate(WebApplicationContext wac) throws ServletException {
		Filter delegate = wac.getBean(getTargetBeanName(), Filter.class);
		if (isTargetFilterLifecycle()) {    //注意这行
			delegate.init(getFilterConfig());
		}
		return delegate;
	}

  

posted @ 2011-12-19 18:36  杭州胡欣  阅读(37347)  评论(11编辑  收藏  举报