获取通讯录iOS

1.设置 info.plist 的Privacy - Contacts Usage Description

"本app名字"想访问您的通讯录

 

2.导入头文件

#import <Contacts/Contacts.h>

 

3.通过代码获取

//请求通讯录权限
#pragma mark 请求通讯录权限
- (void)requestContactAuthorAfterSystemVersion9{
    
    CNAuthorizationStatus status = [CNContactStore authorizationStatusForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts];
    if (status == CNAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) {
        CNContactStore *store = [[CNContactStore alloc] init];
        [store requestAccessForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts completionHandler:^(BOOL granted, NSError*  _Nullable error) {
            if (error) {
                NSLog(@"授权失败");
            }else {
                NSLog(@"成功授权");
            }
        }];
    }
    else if(status == CNAuthorizationStatusRestricted)
    {
        NSLog(@"用户拒绝");
        [self showAlertViewAboutNotAuthorAccessContact];
    }
    else if (status == CNAuthorizationStatusDenied)
    {
        NSLog(@"用户拒绝");
        [self showAlertViewAboutNotAuthorAccessContact];
    }
    else if (status == CNAuthorizationStatusAuthorized)//已经授权
    {
        //有通讯录权限-- 进行下一步操作
        [self openContact];
    }
    
}

//有通讯录权限-- 进行下一步操作
- (void)openContact{
 // 获取指定的字段,并不是要获取所有字段,需要指定具体的字段
    NSArray *keysToFetch = @[CNContactGivenNameKey, CNContactFamilyNameKey, CNContactPhoneNumbersKey];
    CNContactFetchRequest *fetchRequest = [[CNContactFetchRequest alloc] initWithKeysToFetch:keysToFetch];
    CNContactStore *contactStore = [[CNContactStore alloc] init];
    
    [contactStore enumerateContactsWithFetchRequest:fetchRequest error:nil usingBlock:^(CNContact * _Nonnull contact, BOOL * _Nonnull stop) {
        NSLog(@"-------------------------------------------------------");
        
        NSString *givenName = contact.givenName;
        NSString *familyName = contact.familyName;
          NSLog(@"givenName=%@, familyName=%@", givenName, familyName);
        //拼接姓名
        NSString *nameStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",contact.familyName,contact.givenName];
        
        NSArray *phoneNumbers = contact.phoneNumbers;
        
        for (CNLabeledValue *labelValue in phoneNumbers) {
        //遍历一个人名下的多个电话号码
            NSString *label = labelValue.label;
            CNPhoneNumber *phoneNumber = labelValue.value;
            
            NSString * string = phoneNumber.stringValue ;
            
            //去掉电话中的特殊字符
            string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"+86" withString:@""];
            string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""];
            string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"(" withString:@""];
            string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@")" withString:@""];
            string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@" " withString:@""];
            string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@" " withString:@""];
            
            NSLog(@"姓名=%@, 电话号码是=%@", nameStr, string);            
            
        }
              
    }];

}




//提示没有通讯录权限
- (void)showAlertViewAboutNotAuthorAccessContact{
    
    UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController
        alertControllerWithTitle:@"请授权通讯录权限"
        message:@"请在iPhone的\"设置-隐私-通讯录\"选项中,允许花解解访问你的通讯录"
        preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];

    UIAlertAction *OKAction = [UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"好的" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:nil];
    [alertController addAction:OKAction];
    [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];
}

 

4.如果需要排序上传首字母,需要将name转拼音,然后获取首字母

//汉字转拼音
- (NSString *)pinyin{
    NSMutableString *str = [self mutableCopy];
    //带音标
    CFStringTransform(( CFMutableStringRef)str, NULL, kCFStringTransformMandarinLatin, NO);
    //不带音标
    CFStringTransform((CFMutableStringRef)str, NULL, kCFStringTransformStripDiacritics, NO);
    
    return [str stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@" " withString:@""];
}

 

在北京的灯中,有一盏是我家的。这个梦何时可以实现?哪怕微微亮。北京就像魔鬼训练营,有能力的留,没能力的走……
posted @ 2021-09-02 10:13  黄增松  阅读(10)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报