leaflet拓展wms以及wmts地图范围裁剪(附源码下载)

前言

leaflet 入门开发系列环境知识点了解:

内容概览

leaflet拓展wms以及wmts地图范围裁剪功能
源代码demo下载

效果图如下:

具体实现参考leaflet裁剪插件:https://github.com/aparshin/leaflet-boundary-canvas

  • 自定义wms以及wmts类的部分核心代码,裁剪部分参照leaflet-boundary-canvas插件核心裁剪部分源码,完整的见源码demo下载
var isRingBbox = function (ring, bbox) {
if (ring.length !== 4) {
return false;
}
 
var p, sumX = 0, sumY = 0;
 
for (p = 0; p < 4; p++) {
if ((ring[p].x !== bbox.min.x && ring[p].x !== bbox.max.x) ||
(ring[p].y !== bbox.min.y && ring[p].y !== bbox.max.y)) {
return false;
}
 
sumX += ring[p].x;
sumY += ring[p].y;
 
//bins[Number(ring[p].x === bbox.min.x) + 2 * Number(ring[p].y === bbox.min.y)] = 1;
}
 
//check that we have all 4 vertex of bbox in our geometry
return sumX === 2*(bbox.min.x + bbox.max.x) && sumY === 2*(bbox.min.y + bbox.max.y);
};
var ExtendMethods = {
_toMercGeometry: function(b, isGeoJSON) {
var res = [];
var c, r, p,
mercComponent,
mercRing,
coords;
 
if (!isGeoJSON) {
if (!(b[0] instanceof Array)) {
b = [[b]];
} else if (!(b[0][0] instanceof Array)) {
b = [b];
}
}
 
for (c = 0; c < b.length; c++) {
mercComponent = [];
for (r = 0; r < b[c].length; r++) {
mercRing = [];
for (p = 0; p < b[c][r].length; p++) {
coords = isGeoJSON ? L.latLng(b[c][r][p][1], b[c][r][p][0]) : b[c][r][p];
mercRing.push(this._map.project(coords, 0));
}
mercComponent.push(mercRing);
}
res.push(mercComponent);
}
 
return res;
},
 
//lazy calculation of layer's boundary in map's projection. Bounding box is also calculated
_getOriginalMercBoundary: function () {
if (this._mercBoundary) {
return this._mercBoundary;
}
 
var compomentBbox, c;
 
if (L.Util.isArray(this.options.boundary)) { //Depricated: just array of coordinates
this._mercBoundary = this._toMercGeometry(this.options.boundary);
} else { //GeoJSON
this._mercBoundary = [];
var processGeoJSONObject = function(obj) {
if (obj.type === 'GeometryCollection') {
obj.geometries.forEach(processGeoJSONObject);
} else if (obj.type === 'Feature') {
processGeoJSONObject(obj.geometry);
} else if (obj.type === 'FeatureCollection') {
obj.features.forEach(processGeoJSONObject);
} else if (obj.type === 'Polygon') {
this._mercBoundary = this._mercBoundary.concat(this._toMercGeometry([obj.coordinates], true));
} else if (obj.type === 'MultiPolygon') {
this._mercBoundary = this._mercBoundary.concat(this._toMercGeometry(obj.coordinates, true));
}
}.bind(this);
processGeoJSONObject(this.options.boundary);
}
 
this._mercBbox = new L.Bounds();
for (c = 0; c < this._mercBoundary.length; c++) {
compomentBbox = new L.Bounds(this._mercBoundary[c][0]);
this._mercBbox.extend(compomentBbox.min);
this._mercBbox.extend(compomentBbox.max);
}
 
return this._mercBoundary;
},
 
_getClippedGeometry: function(geom, bounds) {
var clippedGeom = [],
clippedComponent,
clippedExternalRing,
clippedHoleRing,
iC, iR;
 
for (iC = 0; iC < geom.length; iC++) {
clippedComponent = [];
clippedExternalRing = L.PolyUtil.clipPolygon(geom[iC][0], bounds);
if (clippedExternalRing.length === 0) {
continue;
}
 
clippedComponent.push(clippedExternalRing);
 
for (iR = 1; iR < geom[iC].length; iR++) {
clippedHoleRing = L.PolyUtil.clipPolygon(geom[iC][iR], bounds);
if (clippedHoleRing.length > 0) {
clippedComponent.push(clippedHoleRing);
}
}
clippedGeom.push(clippedComponent);
}
 
if (clippedGeom.length === 0) { //we are outside of all multipolygon components
return {isOut: true};
}
 
for (iC = 0; iC < clippedGeom.length; iC++) {
if (isRingBbox(clippedGeom[iC][0], bounds)) {
//inside exterior rings and no holes
if (clippedGeom[iC].length === 1) {
return {isIn: true};
}
} else { //intersects exterior ring
return {geometry: clippedGeom};
}
 
for (iR = 1; iR < clippedGeom[iC].length; iR++) {
//inside exterior ring, but have intersection with a hole
if (!isRingBbox(clippedGeom[iC][iR], bounds)) {
return {geometry: clippedGeom};
}
}
}
 
//we are inside all holes in geometry
return {isOut: true};
},
 
// Calculates intersection of original boundary geometry and tile boundary.
// Uses quadtree as cache to speed-up intersection.
// Return
// {isOut: true} if no intersection,
// {isIn: true} if tile is fully inside layer's boundary
// {geometry: <LatLng[][][]>} otherwise
_getTileGeometry: function (x, y, z, skipIntersectionCheck) {
if ( !this.options.boundary) {
return {isIn: true};
}
 
var cacheID = x + ":" + y + ":" + z,
zCoeff = Math.pow(2, z),
parentState,
cache = this._boundaryCache;
 
if (cache[cacheID]) {
return cache[cacheID];
}
 
var mercBoundary = this._getOriginalMercBoundary(),
ts = this.options.tileSize,
tileBbox = new L.Bounds(new L.Point(x * ts / zCoeff, y * ts / zCoeff), new L.Point((x + 1) * ts / zCoeff, (y + 1) * ts / zCoeff));
 
//fast check intersection
if (!skipIntersectionCheck && !tileBbox.intersects(this._mercBbox)) {
return {isOut: true};
}
 
if (z === 0) {
cache[cacheID] = {geometry: mercBoundary};
return cache[cacheID];
}
 
parentState = this._getTileGeometry(Math.floor(x / 2), Math.floor(y / 2), z - 1, true);
 
if (parentState.isOut || parentState.isIn) {
return parentState;
}
 
cache[cacheID] = this._getClippedGeometry(parentState.geometry, tileBbox);
return cache[cacheID];
},
 
_drawTileInternal: function (canvas, tilePoint, url, callback) {
var zoom = this._getZoomForUrl(),
state = this._getTileGeometry(tilePoint.x, tilePoint.y, zoom);
 
if (state.isOut) {
callback();
return;
}
 
var ts = this.options.tileSize,
tileX = ts * tilePoint.x,
tileY = ts * tilePoint.y,
zCoeff = Math.pow(2, zoom),
ctx = canvas.getContext('2d'),
imageObj = new Image(),
_this = this;
 
var setPattern = function () {
var c, r, p,
pattern,
geom;
 
if (!state.isIn) {
geom = state.geometry;
//console.log('geom',geom);
ctx.beginPath();
 
for (c = 0; c < geom.length; c++) {
for (r = 0; r < geom[c].length; r++) {
if (geom[c][r].length === 0) {
continue;
}
 
ctx.moveTo(geom[c][r][0].x * zCoeff - tileX, geom[c][r][0].y * zCoeff - tileY);
for (p = 1; p < geom[c][r].length; p++) {
ctx.lineTo(geom[c][r][p].x * zCoeff - tileX, geom[c][r][p].y * zCoeff - tileY);
}
}
}
ctx.clip();
}
 
pattern = ctx.createPattern(imageObj, "repeat");
ctx.beginPath();
ctx.rect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
ctx.fillStyle = pattern;
ctx.fill();
callback();
};
 
if (this.options.crossOrigin) {
imageObj.crossOrigin = '';
}
 
imageObj.onload = function () {
//TODO: implement correct image loading cancelation
canvas.complete = true; //HACK: emulate HTMLImageElement property to make happy L.TileLayer
setTimeout(setPattern, 0); //IE9 bug - black tiles appear randomly if call setPattern() without timeout
}
 
imageObj.src = url;
//console.log('imageObj.src',imageObj.src);
},
};
 
L.TileLayer.GISHOMEWMS = L.TileLayer.WMS.extend({
defaultWmsParams: {
service: 'WMS',
request: 'GetMap',
layers: '',
styles: '',
format: 'image/jpeg',
transparent: false,
version: '1.1.1',
boundary: null
},
options: {
crs: null,
uppercase: false
},
includes: ExtendMethods,
initialize: function(url, options) {
 
this._url = url;
var wmsParams = L.extend({}, this.defaultWmsParams);
// all keys that are not TileLayer options go to WMS params
for (var i in options) {
if (!(i in this.options)) {
wmsParams[i] = options[i];
}
}
// options = setOptions(this, options);
var realRetina = options.detectRetina && L.Browser.retina ? 2 : 1;
var tileSize = this.getTileSize();
wmsParams.width = tileSize.x * realRetina;
wmsParams.height = tileSize.y * realRetina;
this.wmsParams = wmsParams;
//编辑
L.TileLayer.prototype.initialize.call(this, url, options);
this._boundaryCache = {}; //cache index "x:y:z"
this._mercBoundary = null;
this._mercBbox = null;
 
options = L.setOptions(this, options);
},
onAdd: function (map) {
 
this._crs = this.options.crs || map.options.crs;
this._wmsVersion = parseFloat(this.wmsParams.version);
 
var projectionKey = this._wmsVersion >= 1.3 ? 'crs' : 'srs';
this.wmsParams[projectionKey] = this._crs.code;
 
//L.TileLayer.prototype.onAdd.call(this, map);
(L.TileLayer.Canvas || L.TileLayer).prototype.onAdd.call(this, map);
},
//编辑
createTile: function(coords, done){
var tile = document.createElement('canvas'),
url = this.getTileUrl(coords);
tile.width = tile.height = this.options.tileSize;
this._drawTileInternal(tile, coords, url, L.bind(done, null, null, tile));
 
return tile;
}
});
L.tileLayer.gishomewms = function(url, options) {
return new L.TileLayer.GISHOMEWMS(url, options);
};
L.TileLayer.WMTS = L.TileLayer.extend({
defaultWmtsParams: {
service: 'WMTS',
request: 'GetTile',
version: '1.0.0',
layers: '',
styles: '',
tilematrixSet: '',
// format: 'image/jpeg',
format: 'image/png',
boundary: null
},
includes: ExtendMethods,
initialize: function(url, options) {
 
this._url = url;
var wmtsParams = L.extend({}, this.defaultWmtsParams);
var tileSize = options.tileSize || this.options.tileSize;
if (options.detectRetina && L.Browser.retina) {
wmtsParams.width = wmtsParams.height = tileSize * 2;
} else {
wmtsParams.width = wmtsParams.height = tileSize;
}
for (var i in options) {
if (!this.options.hasOwnProperty(i) && i !== "matrixIds") {
wmtsParams[i] = options[i];
}
}
this.wmtsParams = wmtsParams;
this.matrixIds = options.matrixIds || this.getDefaultMatrix();
 
//编辑
L.TileLayer.prototype.initialize.call(this, url, options);
this._boundaryCache = {}; //cache index "x:y:z"
this._mercBoundary = null;
this._mercBbox = null;
// if (this.options.trackAttribution) {
// this._attributionRemoved = true;
// this.getAttribution = null;
// }
 
L.setOptions(this, options);
},
/*onAdd: function(map) {
this._crs = this.options.crs || map.options.crs;
L.TileLayer.prototype.onAdd.call(this, map);
},*/
getTileUrl: function(coords) {
var tileSize = this.options.tileSize;
var nwPoint = coords.multiplyBy(tileSize);
nwPoint.x += 1;
nwPoint.y -= 1;
var sePoint = nwPoint.add(new L.Point(tileSize, tileSize));
var zoom = this._tileZoom;
var nw = this._crs.project(this._map.unproject(nwPoint, zoom));
var se = this._crs.project(this._map.unproject(sePoint, zoom));
var tilewidth = se.x - nw.x;
var ident = this.matrixIds[zoom].identifier;
var tilematrix = ident; //this.wmtsParams.tilematrixSet + ":" + ident //bug在加载天地图时会出错,在加载geoserver发布的wmts时又有用
var X0 = this.matrixIds[zoom].topLeftCorner.lng;
var Y0 = this.matrixIds[zoom].topLeftCorner.lat;
var tilecol = Math.floor((nw.x - X0) / tilewidth);
var tilerow = -Math.floor((nw.y - Y0) / tilewidth);
var url = L.Util.template(this._url, {
s: this._getSubdomain(coords)
});
return url + L.Util.getParamString(this.wmtsParams, url) + "&tilematrix=" + tilematrix + "&tilerow=" + tilerow + "&tilecol=" + tilecol;
},
setParams: function(params, noRedraw) {
L.extend(this.wmtsParams, params);
if (!noRedraw) {
this.redraw();
}
return this;
},
getDefaultMatrix: function() {
var matrixIds3857 = new Array(22);
for (var i = 0; i < 22; i++) {
matrixIds3857[i] = {
identifier: "" + i,
topLeftCorner: new L.LatLng(90, -180)
};
}
return matrixIds3857;
},
//编辑
createTile: function(coords, done){
var tile = document.createElement('canvas'),
url = this.getTileUrl(coords);
tile.width = tile.height = this.options.tileSize;
this._drawTileInternal(tile, coords, url, L.bind(done, null, null, tile));
 
return tile;
}
});
L.tileLayer.wmts = function(url, options) {
return new L.TileLayer.WMTS(url, options);
};
  • 自定义wms以及wmts类调用
//wmts图层
var wmtsLayer = new L.TileLayer.WMTS('http://t{s}.tianditu.gov.cn/img_c/wmts?tk=7786923a385369346d56b966bb6ad62f', {
tileSize: 256,
layer: "img",
tilematrixSet: "c",
format: "tile",
matrixIds: matrixIds,
subdomains: ["0", "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7"],
boundary: geojson,
});
map.addLayer(wmtsLayer);
//wms图层
var wmsLayer = L.tileLayer.gishomewms("http://localhost:8080/geoserver/ZKYGIS/wms?", {
layers: "ZKYGIS:district_code", //需要加载的图层
format: "image/png", //返回的数据格式
transparent: true,
maxZoom: 21,
boundary: geojson
});
map.addLayer(wmsLayer);

完整demo源码见小专栏文章尾部小专栏

文章尾部提供源代码下载,对本专栏感兴趣的话,可以关注一波

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posted @ 2021-02-03 15:34  GIS之家  阅读(634)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报