openlayers6地图切换展示(附源码下载)

前言

之前写过一篇openlayers4版本的地图切换效果,但是由于是封装一层 js代码写的,很多初学者看起来比较有点吃力,所以本篇文章重新写一篇地图切换效果,直接基于最新版本openlayers6写的,纯粹html + js + css形式,没有任何封装。

内容概览

1.基于openlayers6实现地图切换展示效果
2.源代码demo下载

效果图如下:

大概实现思路如下:地图初始化配置加载各种在线地图,比如天地图,arcgis地图,谷歌地图,高德地图,百度地图,OSM地图等等,默认图层只显示一个地图,其他在线地图默认隐藏不可见状态;js自定义一个底图切换的控件,底图切换时候,动态设置图层的隐藏以及可见性,达到底图切换目的。

  • 部分核心代码,完整的见源码demo下载
var satelliteLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({ //天地图卫星图
visible: true,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://t{0-7}.tianditu.com/DataServer?T=img_w&x={x}&y={y}&l={z}&tk=7786923a385369346d56b966bb6ad62f',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var satelliteLabelLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({ //天地图卫星图注记
url: 'http://t{0-7}.tianditu.com/DataServer?T=cia_w&x={x}&y={y}&l={z}&tk=7786923a385369346d56b966bb6ad62f',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var streetLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({ //天地图街道图
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://t{0-7}.tianditu.com/DataServer?T=vec_w&x={x}&y={y}&l={z}&tk=7786923a385369346d56b966bb6ad62f',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var streetLabelLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({ //天地图街道图注记
url: 'http://t{0-7}.tianditu.com/DataServer?T=cva_w&x={x}&y={y}&l={z}&tk=7786923a385369346d56b966bb6ad62f',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var terLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({ //天地图地形图
url: 'http://t{0-7}.tianditu.com/DataServer?T=ter_w&x={x}&y={y}&l={z}&tk=7786923a385369346d56b966bb6ad62f',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var osmLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//OSM地图
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.OSM()
});
 
var arcgisImgLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//arcgis影像
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'https://server.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/World_Imagery/MapServer/tile/{z}/{y}/{x}',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var arcgisVecLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//arcgis街道
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://cache1.arcgisonline.cn/arcgis/rest/services/ChinaOnlineCommunity/MapServer/tile/{z}/{y}/{x}',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var googleImgLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//谷歌影像
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://www.google.cn/maps/vt?lyrs=s@189&gl=cn&x={x}&y={y}&z={z}',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var googleVecLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//谷歌街道
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://www.google.cn/maps/vt?lyrs=m@189&gl=cn&x={x}&y={y}&z={z}',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var gaodeImgLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//高德影像
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://webst0{1-4}.is.autonavi.com/appmaptile?style=6&x={x}&y={y}&z={z}',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var gaodeVecLayer = new ol.layer.Tile({//高德街道
visible: false,
source: new ol.source.XYZ({
url: 'http://webrd0{1-4}.is.autonavi.com/appmaptile?lang=zh_cn&size=1&scale=1&style=7&x={x}&y={y}&z={z}',
crossOrigin:"anonymous"
})
});
 
var layers = [
satelliteLayer,
streetLayer,
terLayer,
satelliteLabelLayer,
streetLabelLayer,
osmLayer,
arcgisImgLayer,
arcgisVecLayer,
googleImgLayer,
googleVecLayer,
gaodeImgLayer,
gaodeVecLayer,
];
//地图创建
var map = new ol.Map({
layers: layers,
target: 'map',
view: new ol.View({
projection: 'EPSG:4326',
center: [103.49033880652411, 34.034467489614684],
zoom: 7
})
});
 
var mapconfig = [
{"layer_id":"tmap_img_w","label":"天地卫星","className":"imgType"},//天地图卫星图
{"layer_id":"tmap_vec_w","label":"天地街道","className":"vecType"},//天地图街道图
{"layer_id":"tmap_img_w_h","label":"卫星混合","className":"imgType"},//天地图卫星混合图
{"layer_id":"tmap_ter_w","label":"天地地形","className":"terType"},//天地图地形图
{"layer_id":"tmap_ter_w_h","label":"地形混合","className":"terType"},//天地图地形混合图
{"layer_id":"osm","label":"OSM","className":"vecType"},//OSM地图
{"layer_id":"arcgis_img","label":"esri影像","className":"imgType"},//arcgis影像
{"layer_id":"arcgis_vec","label":"esri街道","className":"vecType"},//arcgis街道
{"layer_id":"google_img","label":"谷歌影像","className":"imgType"},//谷歌影像
{"layer_id":"google_vec","label":"谷歌街道","className":"vecType"},//谷歌街道
{"layer_id":"gaode_img","label":"高德影像","className":"imgType"},//高德影像
{"layer_id":"gaode_vec","label":"高德街道","className":"vecType"},//高德街道
];
loadSwitcherMap(mapconfig);//底图切换控件加载
/**
* 地图切换控件
*/
function loadSwitcherMap(data){
//设置底图不同类型
var baseLayerSwitcherToolbar = new BaseLayerSwitcherToolBar({
data: data
});
document.getElementById("map").appendChild(baseLayerSwitcherToolbar.target);
baseLayerSwitcherToolbar.onItemClick = function(itemData,index,element){
var data = itemData;
console.log(data);
switch (data.layer_id) {
case "tmap_img_w"://卫星
satelliteLayer.setVisible(true);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "tmap_vec_w"://地图
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(true);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(true);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "tmap_img_w_h"://卫星混合
satelliteLayer.setVisible(true);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(true);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "tmap_ter_w"://地形
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(true);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "tmap_ter_w_h"://地形混合
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(true);
terLayer.setVisible(true);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "osm"://OSM
osmLayer.setVisible(true);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "arcgis_img"://arcgis影像
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(true);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "arcgis_vec"://arcgis街道
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(true);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "google_img"://谷歌影像
googleImgLayer.setVisible(true);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "google_vec"://谷歌影像
googleVecLayer.setVisible(true);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "gaode_img"://高德影像
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(true);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
case "gaode_vec"://高德街道
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(true);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLayer.setVisible(false);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
default:
satelliteLayer.setVisible(true);
satelliteLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLayer.setVisible(false);
streetLabelLayer.setVisible(false);
terLayer.setVisible(false);
osmLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisImgLayer.setVisible(false);
arcgisVecLayer.setVisible(false);
googleImgLayer.setVisible(false);
googleVecLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeImgLayer.setVisible(false);
gaodeVecLayer.setVisible(false);
break;
}
};

完整源码demo在此篇文章尾部下载,感兴趣的话,可以关注一波

posted @ 2020-06-29 21:36  GIS之家  阅读(240)  评论(0编辑  收藏