openlayers6热力图(附源码下载)

前言

之前写过一篇openlayers4版本的地图热力图文章,但是由于是封装一层 js代码写的,很多初学者看起来比较有点吃力,所以本篇文章重新写一篇地图热力图文章,直接基于最新版本openlayers6写的,纯粹html + js + css形式,没有任何封装。

内容概览

1.基于openlayers6实现地图热力图效果
2.源代码demo下载

效果图如下:

大概实现思路如下:读取热力图模拟数据源json,构造openlayers热力图数据源features,然后创建热力图图层(核心类Heatmap),设置Heatmap的初始化一些参数值,比如weight权重值,radius,gradient,blur等等,参数详细说明自行看openlayers官网文档apiHeatmap;创建好热力图图层之后,radius值我这里不是固定写死,是通过监听地图缩放事件动态设置radius不同大小的,个人纯粹觉的为了让热力图渲染更看好一点,别无他意。

具体实现过程

  • html 样式
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Using OpenLayers with Webpack</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://openlayers.org/en/latest/css/ol.css" type="text/css">
<style>
html, body {
margin: 0;
height: 100%;
}
#map {
position: absolute;
top: 0;
bottom: 0;
width: 100%;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="map"></div>
<div id="heatmapFeatureLayer" style="padding:5px;background:#ffffff;width:70px;position:absolute;right:10px;top:10px;border-radius:5px;">
<input type="checkbox" checked="checked" name="heatmapFeatureLayer" id="heatmap1" style="width: 15px;height: 15px;vertical-align: middle;margin: auto;"/>
<label style="font-weight: normal;vertical-align: middle;margin: auto;">热力图</label>
</div>
<script src="http://libs.baidu.com/jquery/2.1.4/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="./dz.js"></script>
<script src="./bundle.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
部分核心代码,完整的见源码demo下载
1.创建热力图
/**
* 初始化加载-热力图
*/
function initHeatMapLayer(data){
isLoad = true;
var num = data.features.length;
if (num > 0) {
var features = new Array(num);
for (var i = 0; i < num; i++) {
var geo = data.features[i].geometry;
var coordinate = [geo.x, geo.y];
features[i] = new Feature({
geometry: new Point(coordinate),
weight: data.features[i].attributes[field_dz]
});
}
loadHeatLayer(features);
}
}
function loadHeatLayer(features){
layer = createHeatMap({ features: features, radius: self.radius, gradient: self.gradient1 });//创建热力图层
map.addLayer(layer);
map.getView().on('change:resolution', handleHeatMap);
//缩放至范围
map.getView().fit(layer.getSource().getExtent(), map.getSize());
}
/**
* 创建热力图层
* @method createHeatmap
* @param features 渲染热力图的要素集
* @return Heatmap 返回热力图层
*/
function createHeatMap(options){
var vector = new HeatmapLayer({
source: new VectorSource({//热力图数据来源
features: options.features
}),
id: 'heat',
extent: options.extent,
weight: weightFunction,//设置权重,值在0-1之间
gradient: options.gradient,
blur: 15,//默认15
radius: options.radius || 8//默认8
});
/*
*设置权重
*/
function weightFunction(feature) {
var weight = feature.get('weight');
weight = parseFloat(weight);
//weight = parseFloat(weight) / 10;
return weight;
}
return vector;
}

 

2.根据地图缩放级别动态设置热力图的渲染半径

/**
* 监听地图缩放事件
* 根据地图缩放级别动态设置热力图的渲染半径
*/
function handleHeatMap(){
if (layer) {
layer.setVisible(true);
var radius = getRadiusByMapZoom();
//console.log('热力图半径',radius);
layer.setRadius(radius);
}
}
 
function getRadiusByMapZoom(){
var radius = 2;
//console.log('map.getView().getZoom()',map.getView().getZoom());
switch (Math.floor(map.getView().getZoom())) {
case 9:
radius = 2;
break;
case 10:
radius = 3;
break;
case 11:
radius = 4;
break;
case 12:
radius = 5;
break;
case 13:
radius = 6;
break;
case 14:
radius = 7;
break;
case 15:
radius = 8;
break;
case 16:
radius = 9;
break;
default:
if (map.getView().getZoom() > 16) {
radius = 9;
}
else {
radius = 2;
}
}
return radius;
}
 
/**
* 创建热力图层
* @method createHeatmap
* @param features 渲染热力图的要素集
* @return Heatmap 返回热力图层
*/
function createHeatMap(options){
var vector = new HeatmapLayer({
source: new VectorSource({//热力图数据来源
features: options.features
}),
id: 'heat',
extent: options.extent,
weight: weightFunction,//设置权重,值在0-1之间
gradient: options.gradient,
blur: 15,//默认15
radius: options.radius || 8//默认8
});
/*
*设置权重
*/
function weightFunction(feature) {
var weight = feature.get('weight');
weight = parseFloat(weight);
//weight = parseFloat(weight) / 10;
return weight;
}
return vector;
}

3.设置热力图图层可见性

完整源码demo在此篇文章尾部,感兴趣的话,可以关注一波

posted @ 2020-05-10 15:51  GIS之家  阅读(264)  评论(0编辑  收藏