为什么HashMap线程不安全,Hashtable和ConcurrentHashMap线程安全

HashMap源码

public V put(K key, V value) {
    return putVal(hash(key), key, value, false, true);
}
final V putVal(int hash, K key, V value, boolean onlyIfAbsent,
               boolean evict) {
    HashMap.Node<K,V>[] tab; HashMap.Node<K,V> p; int n, i;
    if ((tab = table) == null || (n = tab.length) == 0)
        n = (tab = resize()).length;
    if ((p = tab[i = (n - 1) & hash]) == null)
        tab[i] = newNode(hash, key, value, null);
    else {
        HashMap.Node<K,V> e; K k;
        if (p.hash == hash &&
                ((k = p.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k))))
            e = p;
        else if (p instanceof HashMap.TreeNode)
            e = ((HashMap.TreeNode<K,V>)p).putTreeVal(this, tab, hash, key, value);
        else {
            for (int binCount = 0; ; ++binCount) {
                if ((e = p.next) == null) {
                    p.next = newNode(hash, key, value, null);
                    if (binCount >= TREEIFY_THRESHOLD - 1) // -1 for 1st
                        treeifyBin(tab, hash);
                    break;
                }
                if (e.hash == hash &&
                        ((k = e.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k))))
                    break;
                p = e;
            }
        }
        if (e != null) { // existing mapping for key
            V oldValue = e.value;
            if (!onlyIfAbsent || oldValue == null)
                e.value = value;
            afterNodeAccess(e);
            return oldValue;
        }
    }
    ++modCount;
    if (++size > threshold)
        resize();
    afterNodeInsertion(evict);
    return null;
}





Hashtable源码

public synchronized V put(K key, V value) {
    // Make sure the value is not null
    if (value == null) {
        throw new NullPointerException();
    }

    // Makes sure the key is not already in the hashtable.
    Hashtable.Entry<?,?> tab[] = table;
    int hash = key.hashCode();
    int index = (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF) % tab.length;
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Hashtable.Entry<K,V> entry = (Hashtable.Entry<K,V>)tab[index];
    for(; entry != null ; entry = entry.next) {
        if ((entry.hash == hash) && entry.key.equals(key)) {
            V old = entry.value;
            entry.value = value;
            return old;
        }
    }

    addEntry(hash, key, value, index);
    return null;
}





ConcurrentHashMap源码

public V put(K key, V value) {
    return putVal(key, value, false);
}

final V putVal(K key, V value, boolean onlyIfAbsent) {
    if (key == null || value == null) throw new NullPointerException();
    int hash = spread(key.hashCode());
    int binCount = 0;
    for (ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V>[] tab = table;;) {
        ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V> f; int n, i, fh;
        if (tab == null || (n = tab.length) == 0)
            tab = initTable();
        else if ((f = tabAt(tab, i = (n - 1) & hash)) == null) {
            if (casTabAt(tab, i, null,
                    new ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V>(hash, key, value, null)))
                break;                   // no lock when adding to empty bin
        }
        else if ((fh = f.hash) == MOVED)
            tab = helpTransfer(tab, f);
        else {
            V oldVal = null;
            // 节点上锁,这里的节点可以理解为hash值相同组成的链表的头节点,锁的粒度为头节点。
            synchronized (f) {
                if (tabAt(tab, i) == f) {
                    if (fh >= 0) {
                        binCount = 1;
                        for (ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V> e = f;; ++binCount) {
                            K ek;
                            if (e.hash == hash &&
                                    ((ek = e.key) == key ||
                                            (ek != null && key.equals(ek)))) {
                                oldVal = e.val;
                                if (!onlyIfAbsent)
                                    e.val = value;
                                break;
                            }
                            ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V> pred = e;
                            if ((e = e.next) == null) {
                                pred.next = new ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V>(hash, key,
                                        value, null);
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    else if (f instanceof ConcurrentHashMap.TreeBin) {
                        ConcurrentHashMap.Node<K,V> p;
                        binCount = 2;
                        if ((p = ((ConcurrentHashMap.TreeBin<K,V>)f).putTreeVal(hash, key,
                                value)) != null) {
                            oldVal = p.val;
                            if (!onlyIfAbsent)
                                p.val = value;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            if (binCount != 0) {
                if (binCount >= TREEIFY_THRESHOLD)
                    treeifyBin(tab, i);
                if (oldVal != null)
                    return oldVal;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    addCount(1L, binCount);
    return null;
}
posted @ 2019-04-29 14:30 bobi1234 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏