搭建redmine全攻略——与apache整合(CentOS 5.8 64位)

前言

      redmine(http://www.redmine.org/)是一款项目管理软件,由ruby编写,以网页的形式呈现。正好公司需要单独搭建一套这个系统,与其说是搭建,更应该说是升级。

任务:①在阿里云服务器上搭建redmine系统,我用的最新版redmine 2.1.4

   ②导入之前同事用redmine1.2.0搭建的数据,使用的是MySQL数据库。

安装

Step 1 - Redmine application

首先是软件的下载地址:redmine 2.1.4、ruby 1.8.7、rubygems 1.8.24

redmine:
http://rubyforge.org/frs/?group_id=1850
rubygems:
http://rubyforge.org/frs/?group_id=126&release_id=46730
ruby:
ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/1.8/

需要安装的软件包

ruby-1.8.7.tar.gz
ruby-libs-1.8.5           #(or later version) ruby的依赖包,虽然ruby版本版本是1.8.7,但是经过我的测试这个可以用1.8.5的,可以用yum安装,命令yum install ruby-libs。
rubygems-1.8.24.tgz
redmine-2.1.4.tar.gz

 安装Ruby、RubyGems

tar zxf ruby-1.8.7.tar.gz
cd ruby-1.8.7
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ruby
tar xf rubygems-1.8.24.tgz
cd rubygems-1.8.24
ruby setup.rb

加入ruby环境变量(这里有个疑惑是应该加在/root/.bash_profile里还是/etc/bashrc里)

vim /root/.bash_profile
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/usr/local/ruby/bin
source /root/.bash_profile

安装redmine 

tar zxf redmine-2.1.4.tar.gz
chown -R apache.apache redmine-2.1.4
cd redmine-2.1.4

Step 2 - Dependencies installation

gem install bundler             #安装bundler,好处是不需要使用gem 一个一个的安装模块,坏处的不能控制版本。官网http://gembundler.com/
bundle install --without development test postgresql sqlite rmagick    #without就是不安装这几个模块,其他都安装。

Step 3 - Create an empty database and accompanying user 

MySQL下执行(MySQL要事先安装好,版本5.0及以上,可以直接使用yum安装,yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel)

create database redmine character set utf8;
create user 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'redmine';#在数据库中创建redmine用户,密码也是redmine
grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost';

 Step 4 - Database connection configuration

cd config
cp database.yml.example database.yml    #配置redmine连接MySQL
vim database.yml

修改为:

production:
  adapter: mysql
  database: redmine
  host: localhost
  username: redmine
  password: redmine
  encoding: utf8

保存退出

cp configuration.yml.example configuration.yml
vim configuration.yml                  #配置邮件通知,前提是安装好sendmail或者postfix,同样可以用yum安装

修改:

#default 部分
default:
  # Outgoing emails configuration (see examples above)
  email_delivery:
    delivery_method: :smtp
    smtp_settings:
      address: 127.0.0.1
      port: 25
      domain: localhost
      authentication: :login
      user_name: "redmine@localhost"
      password: "redmine"
#production 部分
production:
  email_delivery:
    delivery_method: :smtp
    smtp_settings:
      address: 127.0.0.1
      port: 25
      domain: localhost

Step 5 - Session store secret generation

cd ..
rake generate_secret_token       #生成config/initializers/secret_token.rb文件,在redmine 2.1.4中,这个文件事先是不存在的,如果事先有,删除掉。

Step 6 - Database schema objects creation

 RAILS_ENV=production rake db:migrate   #初始化数据库,创建表

Step 7 - Database default data set

RAILS_ENV=production rake redmine:load_default_data   #插入缺省数据,选择zh

Step 8 - File system permissions

mkdir tmp tmp/pdf public/plugin_assets              #主要是修改文件夹权限,如果有了可以不创建,只修改权限和属主
chown -R apache:apache files log tmp public/plugin_assets
chmod -R 755 files log tmp public/plugin_assets

Step 9 - bind with apache     #跟apache整合,需要安装httpd、httpd-devel 

gem install passenger #安装apache模块
passenger-install-apache2-module
touch /etc/httpd/conf.d/redmine.conf

在redmine.conf中写入内容(这个根据实际情况复制,passenger-install-apache2-module命令执行成功会有提示)

LoadModule passenger_module /usr/local/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-3.0.18/ext/apache2/mod_passenger.so
PassengerRoot /usr/local/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/passenger-3.0.18
PassengerRuby /usr/local/ruby/bin/ruby
Listen 3000
<VirtualHost *:3000>
   ServerName server.example.com    #换成你自己的主机名
# !!! Be sure to point DocumentRoot to 'public'!
   DocumentRoot /opt/redmine-2.1.4/public  
  <Directory /opt/redmine-2.1.4/public >
# This relaxes Apache security settings.
    AllowOverride all
 # MultiViews must be turned off.
    Options -MultiViews
   </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

启动apache

/etc/init.d/httpd restart   #启动apache,这样redmine也就启动了

Step 10 - Finish !Visit the URL

http://server.example.com:3000/

备注,下面的命令可能是以后备份数据库和更行redmine的插件数据库需要的:

导出mysql数据库内容

mysqldump -uroot -ppassword redmine --lock-all-tables >redmine.sql

导入数据库内容

mysql -uroot -ppassword redmine <redmine.sql

更新redmine数据库

rake generate_secret_token
rake db:migrate RAILS_ENV=production
rake redmine:plugins:migrate RAILS_ENV=production

常见问题:

①解决redmine中导出项目问题时候报错。如下 

Error with the Atom/PDF/CSV export function

I have find the problem: 

Array(Mime[parameters[:format]])


the Array() method is not working, which require method: to_ary

solution:
1. actionpack (3.2.6) lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_negotiation.rb:55
change from Array(Mime[parameters[:format]])
to Array.wrap(Mime[parameters[:format]])

 ②插件安装

在官网上下载相关插件,将redmine插件解压,整个目录复制到redmine根目录的plugins目录下

然后执行rake redmine:plugins:migrate RAILS_ENV=production就OK了。它会在数据库中建立相关的表。

 

posted on 2012-12-20 21:12 Yiffy 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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