一步一步学Silverlight 2系列(18):综合实例之RSS阅读器

概述

Silverlight 2 Beta 1版本发布了,无论从Runtime还是Tools都给我们带来了很多的惊喜,如支持框架语言Visual Basic, Visual C#, IronRuby, Ironpython,对JSON、Web Service、WCF以及Sockets的支持等一系列新的特性。《一步一步学Silverlight 2系列》文章将从Silverlight 2基础知识、数据与通信、自定义控件、动画、图形图像等几个方面带您快速进入Silverlight 2开发

本文将综合前面十七篇讲过的界面布局、样式、控件模板、数据绑定、网络通信等几个方面,来开发一个综合实例——简易RSS阅读器。

界面布局

我们最终完成的RSS阅读器界面如下:

TerryLee_Silverlight2_0082

定义一个三行两列的Grid,分别放置顶部信息、分割线和下面的内容区:

<Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <RowDefinition Height="50"></RowDefinition>
    <RowDefinition Height="20"></RowDefinition>
    <RowDefinition Height="*"></RowDefinition>
</Grid.RowDefinitions>
<Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <ColumnDefinition Width="240"></ColumnDefinition>
    <ColumnDefinition Width="*"></ColumnDefinition>
</Grid.ColumnDefinitions>

设计顶部输入区域,对Grid第一行做合并,并且放置一个StackPanel:

<StackPanel x:Name="Header" Orientation="Horizontal"
             Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="2">
    <Image Source="Rss.png" Width="32" Height="32" Margin="10 0 10 0"></Image>
    <Border Style="{StaticResource titleBorder}">
        <TextBlock Text="基于Silverlight的RSS阅读器" Foreground="#FFFFFF"
                   VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="12 0 0 0"></TextBlock>
    </Border>
    <WatermarkedTextBox x:Name="feedAddress" Width="300" Height="35"
                        FontSize="16" Margin="10 0 10 0">
        <WatermarkedTextBox.Watermark>
            <TextBlock Text="请输入有效的RSS地址" VerticalAlignment="Center"
                       Foreground="#FBA430" FontSize="16"></TextBlock>
        </WatermarkedTextBox.Watermark>
    </WatermarkedTextBox>
    <Button x:Name="displayButton" Style="{StaticResource button}"
            Content="显 示" Click="displayButton_Click"></Button>
    <Button x:Name="fullScreenButton" Style="{StaticResource button}"
            Content="全 屏" Click="fullScreenButton_Click"></Button>
</StackPanel>

鉴于两个按钮的风格一致,在App.xaml中定义一个button样式:

<Style x:Key="button" TargetType="Button">
    <Setter Property="Width" Value="100"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Height" Value="35"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Background" Value="#FBA430"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="#FBA430"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="16"></Setter>
</Style>
<Style x:Key="titleBorder" TargetType="Border">
    <Setter Property="CornerRadius" Value="10"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Width" Value="220"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Height" Value="40"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Background">
        <Setter.Value>
            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0">
                <GradientStop Color="#FBA430" Offset="0.0" />
                <GradientStop Color="#FEF4E7" Offset="0.5" />
                <GradientStop Color="#FBA430" Offset="1.0" />
            </LinearGradientBrush>
        </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
</Style>
定义分割线,用Rectangle来表示:
<StackPanel Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" VerticalAlignment="Center">
    <Rectangle Style="{StaticResource rectangle}"/>
</StackPanel>

为了显示出渐变的样式,我们定义样式如下:

<Style x:Key="rectangle" TargetType="Rectangle">
    <Setter Property="Width" Value="780"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Height" Value="5"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="RadiusX" Value="3"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="RadiusY" Value="3"></Setter>
    <Setter Property="Fill">
        <Setter.Value>
            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0">
                <GradientStop Color="#FEF4E7" Offset="0.0" />
                <GradientStop Color="#FBA430" Offset="1.0" />
            </LinearGradientBrush>
        </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
</Style>
定义左边的列表区,用ListBox来显示,并且定义ItemTemplate:
<ListBox x:Name="PostsList" Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="2"
         Margin="10 5 5 10" SelectionChanged="PostsList_SelectionChanged">
    <ListBox.ItemTemplate>
        <DataTemplate>
            <TextBlock Text="{Binding Title.Text}" 
                           TextWrapping="Wrap" Width="200"/>
        </DataTemplate>
    </ListBox.ItemTemplate>
</ListBox>

最后定义右边的详细信息区域,在StackPanel中垂直放置三个Border:

<StackPanel x:Name="Detail" Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="2">
    <Border CornerRadius="10" Background="#CDFCAE" Margin="10 5 10 10"
            Width="540" Height="40">
        <TextBlock Text="{Binding Title.Text}"  TextWrapping="Wrap"
                   VerticalAlignment="Center" Foreground="Red"/>
    </Border>
    <Border CornerRadius="10" Background="#CDFCAE" Margin="10 5 10 10"
            Width="540" Height="300">
        <TextBlock Text="{Binding Summary.Text}"  TextWrapping="Wrap"/>
    </Border>
    <Border CornerRadius="10" Background="#CDFCAE" Margin="10 5 10 10"
            Width="540" Height="40">
        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
            <TextBlock Text="评论日期:"  TextWrapping="Wrap"
                       Foreground="Red" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
            <TextBlock Text="{Binding PublishDate}"  TextWrapping="Wrap"
                       Foreground="Red" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
        </StackPanel>
    </Border>
</StackPanel>

界面布局到此大功告成。

实现功能

下面实现数据的获取,采用WebRequest来实现,也可以使用其他方式。

/// <summary>
/// 显示列表
/// </summary>
/// <param name="sender"></param>
/// <param name="e"></param>
private void displayButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Uri uri = new Uri(feedAddress.Text);
    WebRequest request = (WebRequest)WebRequest.Create(uri);
    request.BeginGetResponse(new AsyncCallback(responseReady), request);
}

void responseReady(IAsyncResult asyncResult)
{
    WebRequest request = (WebRequest)asyncResult.AsyncState;
    WebResponse response = (WebResponse)request.EndGetResponse(asyncResult);

    XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create(response.GetResponseStream());
    SyndicationFeed feed = SyndicationFeed.Load(reader);

    PostsList.ItemsSource = feed.Items;
}

显示详细信息:

/// <summary>
/// 查看详细信息
/// </summary>
/// <param name="sender"></param>
/// <param name="e"></param>
private void PostsList_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
{
    SyndicationItem item = PostsList.SelectedItem as SyndicationItem;

    Detail.DataContext = item;
}

实现全屏按钮的代码:

/// <summary>
/// 全屏显示
/// </summary>
/// <param name="sender"></param>
/// <param name="e"></param>
private void fullScreenButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Content contentObject = Application.Current.Host.Content;
    contentObject.IsFullScreen = !contentObject.IsFullScreen;
}

运行效果

运行后界面如下:

TerryLee_Silverlight2_0080 

输入豆瓣的最新影评Feed:

TerryLee_Silverlight2_0081

选择其中一项后,将显示出详细信息:

 TerryLee_Silverlight2_0082

结束语

本文对前面十七篇内容做了一个小结,并开发出了一个简易RSS阅读器,你可以从这里下载本文示例代码。

下一篇:一步一步学Silverlight 2系列(19):如何在Silverlight中与HTML DOM交互(上)

posted @ 2008-03-10 21:40  TerryLee  阅读(18056)  评论(115编辑  收藏  举报