posts - 563, comments - 10438, trackbacks - 594, articles - 0
  博客园 :: 首页 :: 新随笔 :: 联系 :: 订阅 订阅 :: 管理

公告

背水一战 Windows 10 (46) - 控件(ScrollViewer 基础): ScrollViewer, ScrollBar, ScrollContentPresenter

Posted on 2017-04-27 13:46 webabcd 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

[源码下载]


背水一战 Windows 10 (46) - 控件(ScrollViewer 基础): ScrollViewer, ScrollBar, ScrollContentPresenter



作者:webabcd


介绍
背水一战 Windows 10 之 控件(ScrollViewer 基础)

  • ScrollViewer
  • ScrollBar
  • ScrollContentPresenter



示例
1、ScrollViewer 的基本应用
Controls/ScrollViewerDemo/ScrollViewerDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo.ScrollViewerDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="5">
                <!--
                    ScrollViewer - 滚动视图控件
                        Content - 滚动视图内的内容([ContentProperty(Name = "Content")])
                        IsDeferredScrollingEnabled - 是否启用延迟滚动,在滚动内容过多时,启用延迟混动可以改善性能,默认值为 false
                        HorizontalScrollMode - 水平滚动模式
                            Disabled - 禁用
                            Enabled - 启用
                            Auto - 同 Enabled
                        VerticalScrollMode - 垂直滚动模式
                            Disabled - 禁用
                            Enabled - 启用
                            Auto - 同 Enabled
                        HorizontalScrollBarVisibility - 水平滚动条的可见性
                            Auto - 自动。内容显示得下就隐藏滚动条,内容显示不下就显示滚动条
                            Visible - 显示滚动条
                            Hidden - 隐藏滚动条
                            Disabled - 隐藏滚动条,并将 HorizontalScrollMode 强制设置为 Disabled
                        VerticalScrollBarVisibility - 垂直滚动条的可见性
                            Auto - 自动。内容显示得下就隐藏滚动条,内容显示不下就显示滚动条
                            Visible - 显示滚动条
                            Hidden - 隐藏滚动条
                            Disabled - 隐藏滚动条,并将 VerticalScrollMode 强制设置为 Disabled
            
                        ViewChanging - 在视图即将发生变化(滚动或缩放等)时触发的事件
                        ViewChanged - 在视图已经发生变化(滚动或缩放等)后触发的事件
                        DirectManipulationStarted - 触摸环境下操作(滚动或缩放等)即将开始时触发的事件
                        DirectManipulationCompleted - 触摸环境下操作(滚动或缩放等)已经完成后触发的事件
                -->
                <ScrollViewer Name="scrollViewer" Width="400" Height="400" HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                              IsDeferredScrollingEnabled="False"
                              HorizontalScrollMode="Enabled" VerticalScrollMode="Enabled"
                              HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible"
                              
                              ViewChanging="scrollViewer_ViewChanging"
                              ViewChanged="scrollViewer_ViewChanged"
                              DirectManipulationStarted="scrollViewer_DirectManipulationStarted"
                              DirectManipulationCompleted="scrollViewer_DirectManipulationCompleted">
                    <ScrollViewer.Content>
                        <Image Source="/Assets/StoreLogo.png" Width="1000" Margin="5" />
                    </ScrollViewer.Content>
                </ScrollViewer>

                <!--
                    ScrollViewer - 滚动视图控件
                        TopHeader - 显示在上端的内容,垂直滚动时不动
                        LeftHeader - 显示在左端的内容,水平滚动时不动
                        TopLeftHeader - 显示在左上端的内容,垂直滚动和水平滚动时均不动
                
                        注:如果要使用 TopHeader, LeftHeader, TopLeftHeader 则 ScrollViewer.Content 中的内容必须是 HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top"
                -->
                <ScrollViewer Width="400" Height="400" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="20 0 0 0" 
                              HorizontalScrollMode="Enabled" VerticalScrollMode="Enabled"
                              HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible">
                    <ScrollViewer.Content>
                        <Image Source="/Assets/StoreLogo.png" Width="1000" Margin="5" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" />
                    </ScrollViewer.Content>
                    <ScrollViewer.TopHeader>
                        <TextBlock Text="TopHeader" />
                    </ScrollViewer.TopHeader>
                    <ScrollViewer.LeftHeader>
                        <TextBlock Text="LeftHeader" />
                    </ScrollViewer.LeftHeader>
                    <ScrollViewer.TopLeftHeader>
                        <TextBlock Text="TopLeftHeader" />
                    </ScrollViewer.TopLeftHeader>
                </ScrollViewer>
            </StackPanel>

            <!--使 ScrollViewer 里的内容滚动到相对于 ScrollViewer 居中的位置-->
            <Button Name="btnChangeView" Content="居中" Margin="5" Click="btnChangeView_Click" />

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ScrollViewerDemo/ScrollViewerDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ScrollViewer - 滚动视图控件(继承自 ContentControl, 请参见 /Controls/BaseControl/ContentControlDemo/)
 *     ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility - 当前水平滚动条的可见性(Visible, Collapsed)
 *     ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility - 当前垂直滚动条的可见性(Visible, Collapsed)
 *     ExtentWidth - ScrollViewer 内的内容的宽
 *     ExtentHeight - ScrollViewer 内的内容的高
 *     ViewportWidth - 可视区的宽
 *     ViewportHeight - 可视区的高
 *     HorizontalOffset - 滚动内容的水平方向的偏移量
 *     VerticalOffset - 滚动内容的垂直方向的偏移量
 *     ScrollableWidth - 水平滚动区域的大小(即 HorizontalOffset 的最大值,也就是 ExtentWidth - ViewportWidth)
 *     ScrollableHeight - 垂直滚动区域的大小(即 VerticalOffset 的最大值,也就是 ExtentHeight - ViewportHeight)
 *     
 *     bool ChangeView(double? horizontalOffset, double? verticalOffset, float? zoomFactor, bool disableAnimation) - 改变内容的显示
 *         用于取代如下这些已经弃用的方法 ScrollToHorizontalOffset(double offset), ScrollToVerticalOffset(double offset), ZoomToFactor(float factor)
 *         
 *     另外还有一堆对应的附加属性和静态方法,内嵌 ScrollViewer 的控件一般均支持,不再详述。简单示例可参见:/Controls/CollectionControl/ListViewBaseDemo/ListViewBaseDemo1.xaml
 * 
 * 
 * 本例用于演示 ScrollViewer 的基本用法
 */

using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo
{
    public sealed partial class ScrollViewerDemo : Page
    {
        public ScrollViewerDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void scrollViewer_ViewChanging(object sender, ScrollViewerViewChangingEventArgs e)
        {
            Debug.WriteLine("scrollViewer_ViewChanging");
        }

        private void scrollViewer_ViewChanged(object sender, ScrollViewerViewChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            Debug.WriteLine("scrollViewer_ViewChanged");

            lblMsg.Text = "ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility: " + scrollViewer.ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility: " + scrollViewer.ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ExtentWidth: " + scrollViewer.ExtentWidth;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ExtentHeight: " + scrollViewer.ExtentHeight;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ViewportWidth: " + scrollViewer.ViewportWidth;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ViewportHeight: " + scrollViewer.ViewportHeight;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "HorizontalOffset: " + scrollViewer.HorizontalOffset;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "VerticalOffset: " + scrollViewer.VerticalOffset;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ScrollableWidth: " + scrollViewer.ScrollableWidth;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg.Text += "ScrollableHeight: " + scrollViewer.ScrollableHeight;
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;

            // 在操作中返回 true, 操作结束返回 false
            lblMsg.Text += "ScrollViewerViewChangedEventArgs.IsIntermediate: " + e.IsIntermediate;
        }

        private void scrollViewer_DirectManipulationCompleted(object sender, object e)
        {
            Debug.WriteLine("scrollViewer_DirectManipulationCompleted");
        }

        private void scrollViewer_DirectManipulationStarted(object sender, object e)
        {
            Debug.WriteLine("scrollViewer_DirectManipulationStarted");
        }

        private void btnChangeView_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            scrollViewer.ChangeView(scrollViewer.ScrollableWidth / 2, scrollViewer.ScrollableHeight / 2, null, false);
        }
    }
}


2、ScrollBar 的示例
Controls/ScrollViewerDemo/ScrollBarDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo.ScrollBarDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <ScrollViewer Name="scrollViewer" Width="400" Height="200" Margin="5" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                <Image Source="/Assets/StoreLogo.png" Width="1000" />
            </ScrollViewer>

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" Margin="5" />
            
        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ScrollViewerDemo/ScrollBarDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ScrollBar - 滚动条控件(继承自 RangeBase, 请参见 /Controls/ProgressControl/RangeBaseDemo.xaml)
 * 
 * 本例通过访问 ScrollViewer 内的名为 VerticalScrollBar 的 ScrollBar 控件,来简要说明 ScrollBar 控件
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Primitives;
using Windows10.Common;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo
{
    public sealed partial class ScrollBarDemo : Page
    {
        public ScrollBarDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();

            this.Loaded += ScrollBarDemo_Loaded;
        }

        private void ScrollBarDemo_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 找到 ScrollViewer 内的名为 VerticalScrollBar 的 ScrollBar 控件,即 ScrollViewer 内的垂直滚动条
            var scrollBar = Helper.GetVisualChild<ScrollBar>(scrollViewer, "VerticalScrollBar");

            // ValueChanged - 当滚动条的值发生改变是所触发的事件
            scrollBar.ValueChanged += scrollBar_ValueChanged;
        }

        void scrollBar_ValueChanged(object sender, RangeBaseValueChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 显示垂直滚动条的当前值
            lblMsg.Text = e.NewValue.ToString();
        }
    }
}


3、ScrollContentPresenter 的示例
Controls/ScrollViewerDemo/ScrollContentPresenterDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo.ScrollContentPresenterDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <ScrollViewer Name="scrollViewer" Width="400" Height="400" Background="Blue" HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                          HorizontalScrollMode="Enabled" VerticalScrollMode="Enabled"
                          HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible">
                <ScrollViewer.Content>
                    <Image Source="/Assets/StoreLogo.png" Width="1000" />
                </ScrollViewer.Content>
            </ScrollViewer>

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ScrollViewerDemo/ScrollContentPresenterDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ScrollContentPresenter - ScrollViewer 的内容呈现器,其用来呈现 ScrollViewer 的 Content(继承自 ContentPresenter, 请参见 /Controls/BaseControl/ContentControlDemo/ContentPresenterDemo.xaml)
 *     类似的有 ContentPresenter, ItemsPresenter 等
 */

using Windows.UI;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Media;
using Windows10.Common;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ScrollViewerDemo
{
    public sealed partial class ScrollContentPresenterDemo : Page
    {
        public ScrollContentPresenterDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();

            this.Loaded += ScrollContentPresenterDemo_Loaded;
        }

        private void ScrollContentPresenterDemo_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 找到 ScrollViewer 内的名为 ScrollContentPresenter 的 ScrollContentPresenter 控件
            var scrollContentPresenter = Helper.GetVisualChild<ScrollContentPresenter>(scrollViewer, "ScrollContentPresenter");

            scrollContentPresenter.BorderBrush = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Red);
            scrollContentPresenter.BorderThickness = new Thickness(4);
        }
    }
}



OK
[源码下载]