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背水一战 Windows 10 (31) - 控件(按钮类): ButtonBase, Button, HyperlinkButton, RepeatButton, ToggleButton, AppBarButton, AppBarToggleButton

Posted on 2016-08-29 09:13 webabcd 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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背水一战 Windows 10 (31) - 控件(按钮类): ButtonBase, Button, HyperlinkButton, RepeatButton, ToggleButton, AppBarButton, AppBarToggleButton



作者:webabcd


介绍
背水一战 Windows 10 之 控件(按钮类)

  • ButtonBase
  • Button
  • HyperlinkButton
  • RepeatButton
  • ToggleButton
  • AppBarButton
  • AppBarToggleButton



示例
1、ButtonBase(基类) 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.ButtonBaseDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10" Name="root">

            <!--
                Button - 按钮控件,继承自 ButtonBase,下面介绍 ButtonBase 的相关知识点
                    Click - 单击事件
                    ClickMode - 引发 Click 事件的模式:ClickMode.Release(默认值), ClickMode.Press, ClickMode.Hover
                    IsPointerOver - 设备指针(鼠标或手指等)是否在按钮上
                    IsPressed - 当前按钮是否处于按下的状态
                    Command - 参见“绑定”部分
                    CommandParameter - 参见“绑定”部分
            -->
            <Button Name="button1" Content="我是 button1" ClickMode="Release" Click="button1_Click" Margin="5" />
            <Button Name="button2" Content="我是 button2" ClickMode="Press" Click="button2_Click" Margin="5" />
            <Button Name="button3" Content="我是 button3" ClickMode="Hover" Click="button3_Click" Margin="5" />

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg1" Margin="5" />
            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg2" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ButtonBase(基类) - 按钮控件基类(继承自 ContentControl, 请参见 /Controls/BaseControl/ContentControlDemo/)
 */

using System;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class ButtonBaseDemo : Page
    {
        public ButtonBaseDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();

            this.Loaded += ButtonBaseDemo_Loaded;
        }

        private void ButtonBaseDemo_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            DispatcherTimer dTimer = new DispatcherTimer();
            dTimer.Interval = TimeSpan.Zero;
            dTimer.Tick += DTimer_Tick;
            dTimer.Start();
        }

        private void DTimer_Tick(object sender, object e)
        {
            lblMsg1.Text = $"button1 IsPointerOver:{button1.IsPointerOver}, IsPressed:{button1.IsPressed}";
            lblMsg1.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            lblMsg1.Text += $"button2 IsPointerOver:{button2.IsPointerOver}, IsPressed:{button2.IsPressed}";
            lblMsg1.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            // 鼠标移动到 button3 上时,其 IsPointerOver 和 IsPressed 均为 true,因为其 ClickMode 为 Hover
            lblMsg1.Text += $"button3 IsPointerOver:{button3.IsPointerOver}, IsPressed:{button3.IsPressed}";
        }

        // ClickMode.Release - 鼠标按下并抬起即触发 Click 事件(默认值)
        private void button1_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg2.Text += "button1 ClickMode.Release";
            lblMsg2.Text += Environment.NewLine;
        }

        // ClickMode.Press - 鼠标按下即触发 Click 事件
        private void button2_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg2.Text += "button2 ClickMode.Press";
            lblMsg2.Text += Environment.NewLine;
        }

        // ClickMode.Hover - 鼠标经过即触发 Click 事件
        private void button3_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg2.Text += "button3 ClickMode.Hover";
            lblMsg2.Text += Environment.NewLine;
        }
    }
}


2、Button 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.ButtonDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10" Name="root">

            <!--
                Button - 按钮控件
                    Flyout - 按钮控件关联的 FlyoutBase 控件
            -->
            <Button Name="button1" Content="按我弹出 Flyout" Margin="5">
                <Button.Flyout>
                    <Flyout>
                        <StackPanel>
                            <TextBlock>我是 Flyout 中的内容</TextBlock>
                        </StackPanel>
                    </Flyout>
                </Button.Flyout>
            </Button>

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * Button - 按钮控件(继承自 ButtonBase, 请参见 /Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml)
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class ButtonDemo : Page
    {
        public ButtonDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }
    }
}


3、HyperlinkButton 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/HyperlinkButtonDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.HyperlinkButtonDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <!--
                HyperlinkButton - 带超链接的按钮
                    NavigateUri - 按钮要导航到的 Uri
            -->
            <HyperlinkButton Name="btnLink" Content="webabcd blog" FontSize="36" Foreground="Blue" NavigateUri="http://webabcd.cnblogs.com" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/HyperlinkButtonDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * HyperlinkButton - 超链按钮(继承自 ButtonBase, 请参见 /Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml)
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class HyperlinkButtonDemo : Page
    {
        public HyperlinkButtonDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }
    }
}


4、RepeatButton 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/RepeatButtonDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.RepeatButtonDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="5" />

            <!--
                RepeatButton - 按住后会重复触发 Click 事件的按钮
                    Delay - 按住按钮后,会先触发一次 Click 事件,然后在此属性指定的时间后开始重复触发 Click 事件,单位毫秒,默认值 250
                    Interval - 重复触发 Click 事件时,这个重复时间的间隔,单位毫秒,默认值 250
            
                注:Button 的 ClickMode 默认为 Release,而 RepeatButton 的 ClickMode 默认为 Press
            -->
            <RepeatButton Name="repeatButton" Content="按住" Delay="1000" Interval="250" Click="repeatButton_Click" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/RepeatButtonDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * RepeatButton - 按住后会重复触发 Click 事件的按钮(继承自 ButtonBase, 请参见 /Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml)
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class RepeatButtonDemo : Page
    {
        public RepeatButtonDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void repeatButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text += "x";
        }
    }
}


5、ToggleButton 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/ToggleButtonDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.ToggleButtonDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" Margin="5" />
            
            <!--
                ToggleButton - 可切换状态的按钮
                    IsThreeState - 是否支持 3 状态(默认值: false)
                    IsChecked - 按钮的选中状态: false, true, null(修改此属性后会触发 Checked 事件或 Unchecked 事件或 Indeterminate 事件)
                    Checked - 按钮变为选中状态后所触发的事件
                    Unchecked - 按钮变为未选中状态后所触发的事件
                    Indeterminate - 按钮变为不确定状态后所触发的事件
            -->
            <ToggleButton Name="toggleButton1" Content="可切换状态的按钮" Margin="5"
                          IsThreeState="False"
                          Checked="toggleButton1_Checked" 
                          Unchecked="toggleButton1_Unchecked"  
                          Indeterminate="toggleButton1_Indeterminate" />

            <ToggleButton Name="toggleButton2" Content="可切换状态的按钮" Margin="5"
                          IsThreeState="True"
                          Checked="toggleButton2_Checked" 
                          Unchecked="toggleButton2_Unchecked"  
                          Indeterminate="toggleButton2_Indeterminate" />

            

            <!--
                此处文本框显示的结果如下:
                toggleButton3_Checked
                toggleButton3_Loaded
                Page_Loaded
            -->
            <TextBlock Name="lblToggleButton3" Margin="5 20 0 0" />
            
            <!--
                对于 IsChecked="True" 的 ToggleButton 控件来说,在它触发 Loaded 事件之前会先触发 Checked 事件
            -->    
            <ToggleButton Name="toggleButton3" Content="可切换状态的按钮" IsChecked="True" Loaded="toggleButton3_Loaded" Checked="toggleButton3_Checked" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/ToggleButtonDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ToggleButton - 可切换状态的按钮(继承自 ButtonBase, 请参见 /Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml)
 */

using System;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class ToggleButtonDemo : Page
    {
        public ToggleButtonDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();

            this.Loaded += ToggleButtonDemo_Loaded;
        }

        private void toggleButton1_Checked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = $"toggleButton1_Checked, IsChecked:{toggleButton1.IsChecked}";
        }

        private void toggleButton1_Unchecked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = $"toggleButton1_Unchecked, IsChecked:{toggleButton1.IsChecked}";
        }

        // 这个事件不会被触发,因为 toggleButton1 的 IsThreeState 的值为 false
        private void toggleButton1_Indeterminate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = $"toggleButton1_Indeterminate, IsChecked:{toggleButton1.IsChecked}";
        }



        private void toggleButton2_Checked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = $"toggleButton2_Checked, IsChecked:{toggleButton2.IsChecked}";
        }

        private void toggleButton2_Unchecked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = $"toggleButton2_Unchecked, IsChecked:{toggleButton2.IsChecked}";
        }

        private void toggleButton2_Indeterminate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = $"toggleButton2_Indeterminate, IsChecked:{toggleButton2.IsChecked}";
        }



        private void ToggleButtonDemo_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblToggleButton3.Text += "Page_Loaded";
            lblToggleButton3.Text += Environment.NewLine;
        }

        private void toggleButton3_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblToggleButton3.Text += "toggleButton3_Loaded";
            lblToggleButton3.Text += Environment.NewLine;
        }

        private void toggleButton3_Checked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblToggleButton3.Text += "toggleButton3_Checked";
            lblToggleButton3.Text += Environment.NewLine;
        }
    }
}


6、AppBarButton 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/AppBarButtonDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.AppBarButtonDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <!--
                AppBarButton - 程序栏按钮控件(关于此控件的应用场景请参见:/Controls/NavigationControl/AppBarDemo.xaml 和 /Controls/NavigationControl/CommandBarDemo.xaml)
                    Label - 显示的文本
                    Icon - 显示的图标(IconElement 类型,关于 IconElement 请参见 /Controls/IconControl/IconElementDemo.xaml)
                    IsCompact - 是否是紧凑模式,即是否不显示 Label 指定的文本(默认值 false)
            -->
            
            
            <!--
                直接指定 Icon 为一个 Symbol 枚举值,此时所设置的是 SymbolIcon
            -->
            <AppBarButton Name="appBarButton1" Icon="Accept" Label="accept" Margin="5" />

            
            <!--
                需要设置 Icon 为一个 SymbolIcon 或 FontIcon 或 PathIcon 或 BitmapIcon 类型的话,可以这样设置
            -->
            <AppBarButton Name="appBarButton2" Label="find" IsCompact="True" Margin="5">
                <AppBarButton.Icon>
                    <FontIcon Name="fontIcon1" FontFamily="Segoe UI Emoji" Glyph="&#x2713;" />
                </AppBarButton.Icon>
            </AppBarButton>

            <!--
                AppBarButton 是支持 Flyout 的
            -->
            <AppBarButton Icon="Add" Label="Add" Margin="5">
                <AppBarButton.Flyout>
                    <MenuFlyout>
                        <MenuFlyoutItem Text="MenuFlyout Item 1"/>
                        <MenuFlyoutItem Text="MenuFlyout Item 2"/>
                        <MenuFlyoutItem Text="MenuFlyout Item 3"/>
                    </MenuFlyout>
                </AppBarButton.Flyout>
            </AppBarButton>

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/AppBarButtonDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * AppBarButton - 程序栏按钮控件(继承自 ButtonBase, 请参见 /Controls/ButtonControl/ButtonBaseDemo.xaml)
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class AppBarButtonDemo : Page
    {
        public AppBarButtonDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }
    }
}


7、AppBarToggleButton 的示例
Controls/ButtonControl/AppBarToggleButtonDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl.AppBarToggleButtonDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <!--
                AppBarToggleButton - 程序栏可切换状态的按钮控件(关于此控件的应用场景请参见:/Controls/NavigationControl/AppBarDemo.xaml 和 /Controls/NavigationControl/CommandBarDemo.xaml)
                    Label - 显示的文本
                    Icon - 显示的图标(IconElement 类型,关于 IconElement 请参见 /Controls/IconControl/IconElementDemo.xaml)
                    IsCompact - 是否是紧凑模式,即是否不显示 Label 指定的文本(默认值 false)
            -->


            <!--
                直接指定 Icon 为一个 Symbol 枚举值,此时所设置的是 SymbolIcon
            -->
            <AppBarToggleButton Name="appBarToggleButton1" Icon="Accept" Label="accept" Margin="5" />


            <!--
                需要设置 Icon 为一个 SymbolIcon 或 FontIcon 或 PathIcon 或 BitmapIcon 类型的话,可以这样设置
            -->
            <AppBarToggleButton Name="appBarToggleButton2" Label="find" IsCompact="True" Margin="5">
                <AppBarToggleButton.Icon>
                    <FontIcon Name="fontIcon1" FontFamily="Segoe UI Emoji" Glyph="&#x2713;" />
                </AppBarToggleButton.Icon>
            </AppBarToggleButton>

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Controls/ButtonControl/AppBarToggleButtonDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * AppBarToggleButton - 程序栏可切换状态的按钮控件(继承自 ToggleButton, 请参见 /Controls/ButtonControl/ToggleButtonDemo.xaml)
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Controls.ButtonControl
{
    public sealed partial class AppBarToggleButtonDemo : Page
    {
        public AppBarToggleButtonDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }
    }
}



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[源码下载]