Android开发WeatherForecast程序

1,使用Googel API
http://www.google.com/ig/api?&weather=beijing

2,使用DOM解析XML

String weather = "";
 
String url = "[url=http://www.google.com/ig/api?&weather=beijing]http://www.google.com/ig/api?&weather=beijing[/url]";
 
DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
 
HttpUriRequest req = new HttpGet(url);
 
HttpResponse resp = client.execute(req);
 
HttpEntity ent = resp.getEntity();
 
InputStream stream = ent.getContent();
 
DocumentBuilder b = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance().newDocumentBuilder();
 
Document d = b.parse(new InputSource(stream));
 
NodeList n = d.getElementsByTagName("forecast_conditions");
 
for (int i = 0; i < n.getLength(); i++) {
 
weather += n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(0).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue();
 
weather += ", ";
 
weather += (Integer.parseInt(n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(1).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue()) - 32) * 5 / 9;
 
weather += " ~ ";
 
weather += (Integer.parseInt(n.item(i).getChildNodes()
 
        .item(2).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue()) - 32) * 5 / 9;
 
weather += ", ";
 
weather += n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(4).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue();
 
weather += "\n";
 
}
 

3,另起Thread处理Web请求

 

new Thread() {
 
public void run() {
   try {
    // ...
   } catch (Exception e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
 }
 
}.start();
 

4,使用Handler传递Thread处理结果到UI主Thread

h = new Handler() {
 
public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
 
  tv.setText((String)msg.obj);
}
};
 
new Thread() {
 
// ...
Message msg = h.obtainMessage(1, 1, 1, weather);
h.sendMessage(msg);
 
}
 

5,完整代码

package com.hideto.weatherforecast;
 
import java.io.InputStream;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.widget.TextView;
 
public class WeatherForecast extends Activity {
 
public TextView tv;
public Handler h;
@Override
 
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
 
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
  tv = new TextView(this);
  tv.setText("Loading...");
  setContentView(tv);
  h = new Handler() {
   public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
    tv.setText((String)msg.obj);
 
   }
  };
 
  new Thread() {
   public void run() {
 
    try {
 
     String weather = "";
     String url = "[url=http://www.google.com/ig/api?&weather=beijing]http://www.google.com/ig/api?&weather=beijing[/url]";
 
     DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
     HttpUriRequest req = new HttpGet(url);
     HttpResponse resp = client.execute(req);
     HttpEntity ent = resp.getEntity();

InputStream stream
= ent.getContent(); DocumentBuilder b = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance().newDocumentBuilder(); Document d = b.parse(new InputSource(stream)); NodeList n = d.getElementsByTagName("forecast_conditions"); for (int i = 0; i < n.getLength(); i++) { weather += n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(0).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue(); weather += ", "; weather += (Integer.parseInt(n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(1).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue()) - 32) * 5 / 9; weather += " ~ "; weather += (Integer.parseInt(n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(2).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue()) - 32) * 5 / 9; weather += ", "; weather += n.item(i).getChildNodes().item(4).getAttributes().item(0).getNodeValue(); weather += "\n"; } Message msg = h.obtainMessage(1, 1, 1, weather); h.sendMessage(msg); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } }.start(); } }

6,修改AndroidManifest.xml加上INTERNET访问权限

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 
<manifest xmlns:android="[url=http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android]http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android[/url]"
       package="com.hideto.weatherforecast"
       android:versionCode="1"
       android:versionName="1.0.0">
 
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission>
     <application android:icon="@drawable/icon" android:label="@string/app_name">
       <activity android:name=".WeatherForecast"
                   android:label="@string/app_name">
             <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
                 <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
             </intent-filter>
         </activity>
     </application>
 </manifest> 

 

 

 

posted on 2012-02-03 12:20 vus520 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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