精: 很多东西都有更好的方法, 不要满足于做出来而已
深: 看看 David Solomon, Jeffrey Richter, John Robbins, 和我的书,再和 Charles Petzold 的书比
器: 写工具程序, 见 www.sysinternals.com
High-level widget toolkits:
**Cocoa - used in Mac OS X (see also Aqua)
**MacApp Macintosh framework
**MacZoop Macintosh C++ framework
**Powerplant Macintosh framework
*On Microsoft Windows:
**The Microsoft Foundation Classes (MFC), used by Microsoft for its own programs (e.g. Microsoft Office) and by most developers on the Microsoft Windows platform
**The Object Windows Library is sort of Borland's alternative to MFC
**The Visual Component Library (VCL) is Borland's toolkit used in its C++ Builder and Delphi products
**The Windows Forms is .NET's set of classes that handle GUI controls
*On Unix, under the X Window System:
**Xaw, the Project Athena widget set for the X Window System
**Motif used in the Common Desktop Environment
**Lesstif, an open source (LGPL) version of Motif
*Cross-platform, based on SVG:
**airWRX is an application framework that runs from a USB flash drive, and turns its PC host and other nearby PCs into a multi-screen, web-like work environment.
*Cross-platform, based on the Java programming language:
**The Abstract Windowing Toolkit is used in Java applications. It typically uses another toolkit on the selected platform in turn.
**Swing is Sun Microsystems's replacement for AWT in newer Java versions.
**The Standard Widget Toolkit is a native widget toolkit for Java that was invented as part of the Eclipse project. SWT will use the running platforms widget toolkit (such as Windows API or GTK+) underneath.
Cross-platform, based on the programming languages C or C++, often with bindings to other languages:
**Tk, a widget set accessed from Tcl and other high-level script languages.
**GTK+, open source (LGPL), primarily for the X Window System, ported to and emulated under other platforms; used in the GNOME desktop environment
**Qt, open source (GPL) available under Unix/Linux (with X Window), MS Windows, Mac OS X and embedded systems; also available in commercial versions under these platforms; used in KDE
**wxWidgets (formerly wxWindows), open source (relaxed LGPL), abstracts toolkits across several platforms for C++, Python and Perl
**FOX toolkit, open source (LGPL), genuinely cross-platform
**FLTK, open source (LGPL), cross-platform toolkit designed to be small and fast