Hadoop Ls命令添加显示条数限制參数

前言

在hadoop的FsShell命令中,预计非常多人比較经常使用的就是hadoop fs -ls,-lsr,-cat等等这种与Linux系统中差点儿一致的文件系统相关的命令.可是细致想想,这里还是有一些些的不同的.首先,从规模的本身来看,单机版的文件系统,文件数目少,内容不多,而HDFS则是一个分布式系统,里面能容纳巨大数量的文件文件夹.因此在这个前提之下,你假设任意运行ls或lsr命令,有的时候会得到恐怖的数据条数的显示记录,有的时候我们不得不通过Ctrl+C的方式中止命令.所以对于未知文件夹的命令运行,能否够在ls命令中添加显示限制的參数呢,这样能够控制一下文件记录信息的数量.这就是本文的一个出发点.


Ls命令工作流程

要想加入參数,就要先理解眼下Ls命令工作的原理和过程.以下我从源码的层面进行简单的分析.首先这里有个结构关系:

Ls-->FsCommand-->Command

从左到右依次为孩子到父亲.所以Command类是最基础的类,命令行操作的运行入口就在这里.进入到Command.java方法中,你会看到有以下这种方法:

/**
   * Invokes the command handler.  The default behavior is to process options,
   * expand arguments, and then process each argument.
   * <pre>
   * run
   * |-> {@link #processOptions(LinkedList)}
   * \-> {@link #processRawArguments(LinkedList)}
   *      |-> {@link #expandArguments(LinkedList)}
   *      |   \-> {@link #expandArgument(String)}*
   *      \-> {@link #processArguments(LinkedList)}
   *          |-> {@link #processArgument(PathData)}*
   *          |   |-> {@link #processPathArgument(PathData)}
   *          |   \-> {@link #processPaths(PathData, PathData...)}
   *          |        \-> {@link #processPath(PathData)}*
   *          \-> {@link #processNonexistentPath(PathData)}
   * </pre>
   * Most commands will chose to implement just
   * {@link #processOptions(LinkedList)} and {@link #processPath(PathData)}
   * 
   * @param argv the list of command line arguments
   * @return the exit code for the command
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if called with invalid arguments
   */
  public int run(String...argv) {
    LinkedList<String> args = new LinkedList<String>(Arrays.asList(argv));
    try {
      if (isDeprecated()) {
        displayWarning(
            "DEPRECATED: Please use '"+ getReplacementCommand() + "' instead.");
      }
      processOptions(args);
      processRawArguments(args);
    } catch (IOException e) {
      displayError(e);
    }
    
    return (numErrors == 0) ? exitCode : exitCodeForError();
  }

首先会进行參数的预处理,在这里会把參数中的一些參数给剥离出来,由于这是一个抽象方法,所以终于的实现类在Ls.java中,代码例如以下:

  @Override
  protected void processOptions(LinkedList<String> args)
  throws IOException {
    CommandFormat cf = new CommandFormat(0, Integer.MAX_VALUE, "d", "h", "R");
    cf.parse(args);
    dirRecurse = !cf.getOpt("d");
    setRecursive(cf.getOpt("R") && dirRecurse);
    humanReadable = cf.getOpt("h");
    if (args.isEmpty()) args.add(Path.CUR_DIR);
  }
把这些參数逐一取出,然后这些參数会从args列表中被移除,最后就会剩下详细的目标浏览文件或文件夹的參数.以下就会进入到这种方法中:

  /**
   * Allows commands that don't use paths to handle the raw arguments.
   * Default behavior is to expand the arguments via
   * {@link #expandArguments(LinkedList)} and pass the resulting list to
   * {@link #processArguments(LinkedList)} 
   * @param args the list of argument strings
   * @throws IOException
   */
  protected void processRawArguments(LinkedList<String> args)
  throws IOException {
    processArguments(expandArguments(args));
  }
然后在expandArguments中会做一层从文件字符串到PathData详细对象的转化

 /**
   *  Expands a list of arguments into {@link PathData} objects.  The default
   *  behavior is to call {@link #expandArgument(String)} on each element
   *  which by default globs the argument.  The loop catches IOExceptions,
   *  increments the error count, and displays the exception.
   * @param args strings to expand into {@link PathData} objects
   * @return list of all {@link PathData} objects the arguments
   * @throws IOException if anything goes wrong...
   */
  protected LinkedList<PathData> expandArguments(LinkedList<String> args)
  throws IOException {
    LinkedList<PathData> expandedArgs = new LinkedList<PathData>();
    for (String arg : args) {
      try {
        expandedArgs.addAll(expandArgument(arg));
      } catch (IOException e) { // other exceptions are probably nasty
        displayError(e);
      }
    }
    return expandedArgs;
  }
  /**
   * Expand the given argument into a list of {@link PathData} objects.
   * The default behavior is to expand globs.  Commands may override to
   * perform other expansions on an argument.
   * @param arg string pattern to expand
   * @return list of {@link PathData} objects
   * @throws IOException if anything goes wrong...
   */
  protected List<PathData> expandArgument(String arg) throws IOException {
    PathData[] items = PathData.expandAsGlob(arg, getConf());
    if (items.length == 0) {
      // it's a glob that failed to match
      throw new PathNotFoundException(arg);
    }
    return Arrays.asList(items);
  }
最后以最后的PathData列表的信息来到终于的processArgument方法

/**
   *  Processes the command's list of expanded arguments.
   *  {@link #processArgument(PathData)} will be invoked with each item
   *  in the list.  The loop catches IOExceptions, increments the error
   *  count, and displays the exception.
   *  @param args a list of {@link PathData} to process
   *  @throws IOException if anything goes wrong... 
   */
  protected void processArguments(LinkedList<PathData> args)
  throws IOException {
    for (PathData arg : args) {
      try {
        processArgument(arg);
      } catch (IOException e) {
        displayError(e);
      }
    }
  }
然后对每一个pathData信息运行处理操作

  /**
   * Processes a {@link PathData} item, calling
   * {@link #processPathArgument(PathData)} or
   * {@link #processNonexistentPath(PathData)} on each item.
   * @param item {@link PathData} item to process
   * @throws IOException if anything goes wrong...
   */
  protected void processArgument(PathData item) throws IOException {
    if (item.exists) {
      processPathArgument(item);
    } else {
      processNonexistentPath(item);
    }
  }
然后运行Ls.java中的processPathArgument方法

  @Override
  protected void processPathArgument(PathData item) throws IOException {
    // implicitly recurse once for cmdline directories
    if (dirRecurse && item.stat.isDirectory()) {
      recursePath(item);
    } else {
      super.processPathArgument(item);
    }
  }
在这里会进程是否为文件夹的推断,假设是文件夹则会进行递归推断一次,进行子文件夹文件的展示.我们直接看是单文件的处理,基础方法在Comman.java中定义.

  /**
   *  This is the last chance to modify an argument before going into the
   *  (possibly) recursive {@link #processPaths(PathData, PathData...)}
   *  -> {@link #processPath(PathData)} loop.  Ex.  ls and du use this to
   *  expand out directories.
   *  @param item a {@link PathData} representing a path which exists
   *  @throws IOException if anything goes wrong... 
   */
  protected void processPathArgument(PathData item) throws IOException {
    // null indicates that the call is not via recursion, ie. there is
    // no parent directory that was expanded
    depth = 0;
    processPaths(null, item);
  }
然后processPaths又是在子类中详细实现

  @Override
  protected void processPaths(PathData parent, PathData ... items)
  throws IOException {
    if (parent != null && !isRecursive() && items.length != 0) {
      out.println("Found " + items.length + " items");
    }
    adjustColumnWidths(items);
    super.processPaths(parent, items);
  }
然后再次进行一个相似这种来回,运行processPaths方法

  /**
   *  Iterates over the given expanded paths and invokes
   *  {@link #processPath(PathData)} on each element.  If "recursive" is true,
   *  will do a post-visit DFS on directories.
   *  @param parent if called via a recurse, will be the parent dir, else null
   *  @param items a list of {@link PathData} objects to process
   *  @throws IOException if anything goes wrong...
   */
  protected void processPaths(PathData parent, PathData ... items)
  throws IOException {
    // TODO: this really should be iterative
    for (PathData item : items) {
      try {
        processPath(item);
        if (recursive && isPathRecursable(item)) {
          recursePath(item);
        }
        postProcessPath(item);
      } catch (IOException e) {
        displayError(e);
      }
    }
  }
最后展示的操作就是在这种方法中进行的

@Override
  protected void processPath(PathData item) throws IOException {
    FileStatus stat = item.stat;
    String line = String.format(lineFormat,
        (stat.isDirectory() ? "d" : "-"),
        stat.getPermission() + (stat.getPermission().getAclBit() ?

"+" : " "), (stat.isFile() ?

stat.getReplication() : "-"), stat.getOwner(), stat.getGroup(), formatSize(stat.getLen()), dateFormat.format(new Date(stat.getModificationTime())), item ); out.println(line); }

到这里整个ls调用的流程就基本结束了,预计有些读者要被这来回的方法绕晕了,只是没有关系,我们主要知道终于控制文件显示的方法在哪里,稍稍改改就能够达到我们的目的.


Ls限制显示參数的加入

如今我来教大家怎样新增ls命令參数.首先定义參数说明

public static final String NAME = "ls";
   public static final String USAGE = "[-d] [-h] [-R] [-l] [<path> ...]";
   public static final String DESCRIPTION =
 		    "List the contents that match the specified file pattern. If " +
 		    "path is not specified, the contents of /user/<currentUser> " +
@@ -53,7 +55,9 @@ public static void registerCommands(CommandFactory factory) {
 		    "-d:  Directories are listed as plain files.\n" +
 		    "-h:  Formats the sizes of files in a human-readable fashion " +
 		    "rather than a number of bytes.\n" +=
		    "-R:  Recursively list the contents of directories.\n" +
		    "-l:  The limited number of files records's info which would be " +
		    "displayed, the max value is 1024.\n";

定义相关变量

 
   protected int maxRepl = 3, maxLen = 10, maxOwner = 0, maxGroup = 0;
   protected int limitedDisplayedNum = 1024;
   protected int displayedRecordNum = 0;
   protected String lineFormat;
   protected boolean dirRecurse;
 
   protected boolean limitedDisplay = false;
   protected boolean humanReadable = false;
默认最大显示数目1024个.然后在參数解析的方法中进行新增參数的解析

   @Override
   protected void processOptions(LinkedList<String> args)
   throws IOException {
     CommandFormat cf = new CommandFormat(0, Integer.MAX_VALUE, "d", "h", "R", "l");
     cf.parse(args);
     dirRecurse = !cf.getOpt("d");
     setRecursive(cf.getOpt("R") && dirRecurse);
     humanReadable = cf.getOpt("h");
     limitedDisplay = cf.getOpt("l");
     if (args.isEmpty()) args.add(Path.CUR_DIR);
   }
然后是最核心的修改,processPaths方法

protected void processPaths(PathData parent, PathData ... items)
     if (parent != null && !isRecursive() && items.length != 0) {
       out.println("Found " + items.length   " items");
     }

     PathData[] newItems;
     if (limitedDisplay) {
       int length = items.length;
        if (length > limitedDisplayedNum) {
          length = limitedDisplayedNum;
          out.println("Found " + items.length + " items"
              + ", more than the limited displayed num " + limitedDisplayedNum);
        }
        newItems = new PathData[length];
  
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
          newItems[i] = items[i];
        }
        items = null;
      } else {
        newItems = items;
      }
  
      adjustColumnWidths(newItems);
      super.processPaths(parent, newItems);
   }

逻辑不难. 以下是測试的一个样例,我在測试的jar包中设置了默认限制数目1个,然后用ls命令分别測试带參数与不带參数的情况,測试截图例如以下:


此部分代码已经提交至开源社区,编号HADOOP-12641.链接在文章尾部列出.


相关链接

Issue链接:https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-12641

github patch链接:https://github.com/linyiqun/open-source-patch/blob/master/hadoop/HADOOP-12641/HADOOP-12641.001.patch



posted @ 2017-08-21 11:39 mfmdaoyou 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏