.NET Core 中基于 IHostedService 实现后台定时任务

.NET Core 2.0 引入了 IHostedService ,基于它可以很方便地执行后台任务,.NET Core 2.1 则锦上添花地提供了 IHostedService 的默认实现基类 BackgroundService ,在这篇随笔中分别用 Web 与 Console 程序体验一下。

首先继承 BackgroundService 实现一个 TimedBackgroundService

public class TimedBackgroundService : BackgroundService
{
    private readonly ILogger _logger;
    private Timer _timer;

    public TimedBackgroundService(ILogger<TimedBackgroundService> logger)
    {
        _logger = logger;
    }

    protected override Task ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken stoppingToken)
    {
        _timer = new Timer(DoWork, null, TimeSpan.Zero, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5));
        return Task.CompletedTask;
    }

    private void DoWork(object state)
    {
        _logger.LogInformation($"Hello World! - {DateTime.Now}");
    }

    public override void Dispose()
    {
        base.Dispose();
        _timer?.Dispose();
    }
}

在 ASP.NET Core Web 程序中执行这个后台定时任务只需在 Startup 的 ConfigureServices 注册 TimedBackgroundService 即可:

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddHostedService<TimedBackgroundService>();
}

然后只要站点启动,就会定时输出日志:

Now listening on: http://localhost:5000
Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.
info: BackgroundServiceSample.Services.TimedBackgroundService[0]
      Hello World! - 9/14/2018 17:48:02
info: BackgroundServiceSample.Services.TimedBackgroundService[0]
      Hello World! - 9/14/2018 17:48:07
info: BackgroundServiceSample.Services.TimedBackgroundService[0]
      Hello World! - 9/14/2018 17:48:12

接下来在控制台程序中体验一下。
基于 Generic Host 实现如下的控制台程序,也是执行在 ConfigureServices 中注册一下 TimedBackgroundService 。

class Program
{
    public static async Task Main(string[] args)
    {
        var builder = new HostBuilder()
            .ConfigureLogging(logging =>
            {
                logging.AddConsole();
            })
            .ConfigureServices((hostContext, services) =>
            {
                services.AddHostedService<TimedBackgroundService>();
            });

        await builder.RunConsoleAsync();
    }
}

dotnet run 运行程序后 TimedBackgroundService 定时输出了日志:

info: BackgroundServiceSample.Services.TimedBackgroundService[0]
      Hello World! - 9/14/2018 17:59:37
info: BackgroundServiceSample.Services.TimedBackgroundService[0]
      Hello World! - 9/14/2018 17:59:42
info: BackgroundServiceSample.Services.TimedBackgroundService[0]
      Hello World! - 9/14/2018 17:59:47

体验完成。

posted @ 2018-09-14 18:08 dudu 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏