WinForm中预览Office文件

WinForm预览Office文档

使用WinForm, WPF, Office组件

原理:使用Office COM组件将Word,Excel转换为XPS文档, 将WPF的DocumentViewer控件寄宿到WinForm中, 实现预览.

1. 新建WinForm项目

2. 新建WPF用户控件, 注意是WPF控件

3. 编辑WPF用户控件

<UserControl ...
             ...>
    <Grid>
        <DocumentViewer x:Name="documentViewer"/>
    </Grid>
</UserControl>

VS设计预览显示效果如下:

如果不需要自带的工具栏, 可以添加以下资源隐藏工具栏:

<!--隐藏DocumentViewer边框-->
<UserControl.Resources>
    <Style x:Key="{x:Type DocumentViewer}" TargetType="{x:Type DocumentViewer}">
        <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.WindowTextBrushKey}}" />
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.ControlBrushKey}}" />
        <Setter Property="FocusVisualStyle" Value="{x:Null}" />
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type DocumentViewer}">
                    <Border BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" Focusable="False">
                        <Grid KeyboardNavigation.TabNavigation="Local">
                            <Grid.Background>
                                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                            </Grid.Background>
                            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                <RowDefinition Height="*" />
                                <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                            <ScrollViewer Grid.Row="1" CanContentScroll="true" HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" x:Name="PART_ContentHost" IsTabStop="true">
                                <ScrollViewer.Background>
                                    <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                        <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"  Offset="0" />
                                        <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}" Offset="1" />
                                    </LinearGradientBrush>
                                </ScrollViewer.Background>
                            </ScrollViewer>
                        </Grid>
                    </Border>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    </Style>
</UserControl.Resources>

4. 新建WinForm用户控件

在WinForm上添加ElementHost

将WPF用户控件添加到ElementHost上,设计器代码XpsPreviewer.Designer.cs如下

    //ElementHost
    private System.Windows.Forms.Integration.ElementHost elementHost1;
    //XpsPreviewer变量
    private WPF.XpsPreviewer xpsPreviewer1;

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.elementHost1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Integration.ElementHost();
        this.xpsPreviewer1 = new WPF.XpsPreviewer();

        //初始化
        //其他属性初始化...
        this.elementHost1.Child = this.xpsPreviewer1;
        //其他属性初始化...
    }

XpsPreviewer.cs后台代码中定义方法:

    /// <summary>
    /// 加载XPS文件
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="fileName">XPS文件名</param>
    internal void LoadXps(string fileName)
    {
        var xpsDocument = new XpsDocument(fileName, FileAccess.Read);
        this.xpsPreviewer1.documentViewer.Document = xpsDocument.GetFixedDocumentSequence();
        xpsDocument.Close();
    }

5. 将Excel(Word类似)转换为XPS文件

通过Nuget包管理控制台安装COM组件:

    PM> Install-Package Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel

转换为XPS:

    /// <summary>
    /// 将Excel文件转换为XPS文件
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="execelFileName">Excel文件名</param>
    /// <param name="xpsFileName">转换的xps文件名</param>
    public void ConvertExcelToXps(string excelFileName, string xpsFileName)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(excelFileName))
            throw new ArgumentNullException(excelFileName);
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(xpsFileName))
            throw new ArgumentNullException(xpsFileName);

        var fileInfo = new FileInfo(xpsFileName);
        if (!fileInfo.Directory.Exists)
            fileInfo.Directory.Create();

        //删除已存在的文件
        if (File.Exists(xpsFileName))
            File.Delete(xpsFileName);

        Excel.Application app = new Excel.Application();
        app.DisplayAlerts = false;
        Excel.Workbooks wbs;
        Excel.Workbook wb;

        wbs = app.Workbooks;
        wb = wbs.Add(excelFileName);
        dynamic Nothing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
        wb.ExportAsFixedFormat(Excel.XlFixedFormatType.xlTypeXPS, xpsFileName, Nothing, Nothing, Nothing, Nothing, Nothing, Nothing, Nothing);
        wb.Close(true);
        wbs.Close();
        app.Quit();
        KillExcelProcess(app);
    }

扩展: 每次调用Excel打开文件,均会产生一个进程, 在网络上收集的释放Excel进程方式均不起作用. 因此选择直接结束进程, 根据Excel句柄结束进程, 而不是根据进程名称杀死全部正在运行的Excel.

    [DllImport("User32.dll")]
    private static extern int GetWindowThreadProcessId(IntPtr hWnd, out int ProcessId);

    /// <summary>
    /// 结束Excel进程
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="obj"></param>
    private void KillExcelProcess(Excel.Application app)
    {
        if (app == null)
            return;
        try
        {
            IntPtr intptr = new IntPtr(app.Hwnd);
            int id;
            GetWindowThreadProcessId(intptr, out id);
            var p = Process.GetProcessById(id);
            p.Kill();
        }
        catch { }
    }

现在已经可以正常的预览Excel文件了. 由于Excel另存为XPS文件会耗费一定的时间, 因此建议在后台线程中提前异步生成, 在预览时可直接调取XPS文件.

posted @ 2017-10-13 14:21 A_ning 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏