.NET ActiveMQ类库

ActiveMQ .NET类库

ActiveMQ是一种开源的,实现了JMS规范的,面向消息(MOM)的中间件,为应用程序提供高效的、可扩展的、稳定的和安全的企业级消息通信。

0. 准备

使用Nuget管理控制台安装最新版Apache.NMS.ActiveMQ

    PM> Install-Package Apache.NMS.ActiveMQ

1. IMessageQueue 队列接口

    /// <summary>
    /// 消息队列接口
    /// </summary>
    public interface IMessageQueue
    {

        /// <summary>
        /// 打开连接
        /// </summary>
        void Open();

        /// <summary>
        /// 关闭连接
        /// </summary>
        void Close();
    }

2. ActiveMQ 抽象基类

/// <summary>
/// ActiveMQ
/// </summary>
public abstract class ActiveMQ
{
    #region 监听连接对象
    protected IConnection _connection;
    protected ISession _session;
    protected IMessageConsumer _consumer;
    #endregion

    /// <summary>
    /// 连接地址
    /// </summary>
    public string BrokerUri { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 用于登录的用户名,必须和密码同时指定
    /// </summary>
    public string UserName { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 用于登录的密码,必须和用户名同时指定
    /// </summary>
    public string Password { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 队列名称
    /// </summary>
    public string QueueName { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 指定使用队列的模式
    /// </summary>
    public MQMode MQMode { get; set; }
}

队列模式:

/// <summary>
/// 队列模式
/// </summary>
public enum MQMode
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 队列,点对点模式。
    /// 使用此模式。一个生产者向队列存入一条消息之后,只有一个消费者能触发消息接收事件。
    /// </summary>
    Queue,

    /// <summary>
    /// 主题,发布者/订阅模式。
    /// 使用此模式,一个生产者向队列存入一条消息之后,所有订阅当前的主题的消费者都能触发消息接收事件。
    /// 使用此模式,必须先创建消费者,再创建生产者。
    /// </summary>
    Topic
}

3. ActiveMQProducer 生产者

/// <summary>
/// ActiveMQ生产者,打开连接,向指定队列中发送数据
/// </summary>
public class ActiveMQProducer : ActiveMQ, IMessageQueue, IDisposable
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 队列缓存字典
    /// </summary>
    private ConcurrentDictionary<string, IMessageProducer> _concrtProcuder = new ConcurrentDictionary<string, IMessageProducer>();

    /// <summary>
    /// 打开连接
    /// </summary>
    public void Open()
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.BrokerUri))
            throw new MemberAccessException("未指定BrokerUri");
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.QueueName))
            throw new MemberAccessException("未指定QueueName");

        var factory = new ConnectionFactory(this.BrokerUri);
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.UserName) && string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.Password))
            _connection = factory.CreateConnection();
        else
            _connection = factory.CreateConnection(this.UserName, this.Password);
        _connection.Start();
        _session = _connection.CreateSession();

        CreateProducer(this.QueueName);
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// 关闭连接
    /// </summary>
    public void Close()
    {
        IMessageProducer _p = null;
        foreach (var p in this._concrtProcuder)
        {
            if (this._concrtProcuder.TryGetValue(p.Key, out _p))
            {
                _p?.Close();
            }
        }
        this._concrtProcuder.Clear();

        _session?.Close();
        _connection?.Close();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 向队列发送数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T">数据类型</typeparam>
    /// <param name="body">数据</param>
    public void Put<T>(T body)
    {
        Send(this.QueueName, body);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 向指定队列发送数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T">数据类型</typeparam>
    /// <param name="body">数据</param>
    /// <param name="queueName">指定队列名</param>
    public void Put<T>(T body, string queueName)
    {
        Send(queueName, body);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 创建队列
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="queueName"></param>
    private IMessageProducer CreateProducer(string queueName)
    {
        if (_session == null)
        {
            Open();
        }

        //创建新生产者
        Func<string, IMessageProducer> CreateNewProducter = (name) =>
        {
            IMessageProducer _newProducer = null;
            switch (MQMode)
            {
                case MQMode.Queue:
                    {
                        _newProducer = _session.CreateProducer(new ActiveMQQueue(name));
                        break;
                    }
                case MQMode.Topic:
                    {
                        _newProducer = _session.CreateProducer(new ActiveMQTopic(name));
                        break;
                    }
                default:
                    {
                        throw new Exception(string.Format("无法识别的MQMode类型:{0}", MQMode.ToString()));
                    }
            }
            return _newProducer;
        };

        return this._concrtProcuder.GetOrAdd(queueName, CreateNewProducter);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 发送数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="queueName">队列名称</param>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="body">数据</param>
    private void Send<T>(string queueName, T body)
    {
        var producer = CreateProducer(queueName);
        IMessage msg;
        if (body is byte[])
        {
            msg = producer.CreateBytesMessage(body as byte[]);
        }
        else if (body is string)
        {
            msg = producer.CreateTextMessage(body as string);
        }
        else
        {
            msg = producer.CreateObjectMessage(body);
        }
        if (msg != null)
        {
            producer.Send(msg, MsgDeliveryMode.Persistent, MsgPriority.Normal, TimeSpan.MinValue);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 执行与释放或重置非托管资源相关的应用程序定义的任务。
    /// </summary>
    public void Dispose()
    {
        this.Close();
    }
}

4. ActiveMQConsumer 消费者

/// <summary>
/// ActiveMQ消费者,打开连接,监听队列,接收到数据之后触发回调
/// </summary>
public class ActiveMQConsumer : ActiveMQ, IMessageQueue, IDisposable
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 接收到数据回调,ActiveMQ原生IMessage类型
    /// </summary>
    public Action<IMessage> OnMessageReceived { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 接收到消息回调(业务数据对象, 根据自己的业务灵活替换)
    /// </summary>
    public Action<DataCenterMessage> OnDataCenterMessageReceived { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 打开连接
    /// </summary>
    public void Open()
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.BrokerUri))
            throw new MemberAccessException("未指定BrokerUri");
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.QueueName))
            throw new MemberAccessException("未指定QueueName");

        var factory = new ConnectionFactory(this.BrokerUri);
        if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.UserName) && string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.Password))
            _connection = factory.CreateConnection();
        else
            _connection = factory.CreateConnection(this.UserName, this.Password);
        _connection.Start();
        _session = _connection.CreateSession(AcknowledgementMode.AutoAcknowledge);

        switch (MQMode)
        {
            case MQMode.Queue:
                {
                    _consumer = _session.CreateConsumer(new ActiveMQQueue(this.QueueName));
                    break;
                }
            case MQMode.Topic:
                {
                    _consumer = _session.CreateConsumer(new ActiveMQTopic(this.QueueName));
                    break;
                }
            default:
                {
                    throw new Exception(string.Format("无法识别的MQMode类型:{0}", MQMode.ToString()));
                }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 关闭连接
    /// </summary>
    public void Close()
    {
        _consumer?.Close();
        _session?.Close();
        _connection?.Close();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 开始监听
    /// </summary>
    public void StartListen()
    {
        if (_consumer == null)
        {
            Open();
        }

        _consumer.Listener += new MessageListener(msg =>
        {
            if (OnMessageReceived != null)
                OnMessageReceived(msg);

            //转换为业务需要的数据对象
            if (OnDataCenterMessageReceived != null)
            {
                var objectMessage = msg as ActiveMQObjectMessage;
                if (objectMessage != null)
                {
                    var dataCenterMsg = objectMessage.Body as DataCenterMessage;
                    if (dataCenterMsg != null)
                    {
                        OnDataCenterMessageReceived(dataCenterMsg);
                    }
                }
            }
        });
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 执行与释放或重置非托管资源相关的应用程序定义的任务。
    /// </summary>
    public void Dispose()
    {
        this.Close();
    }
}

5. 扩展方法

/// <summary>
/// 扩展方法类
/// </summary>
public static class ExtendMethods
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 将对象转换为bytes
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="obj"></param>
    /// <returns>bytes</returns>
    public static byte[] ToBytes<T>(this T obj) where T : class
    {
        if (obj == null)
            return null;
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            var formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
            formatter.Serialize(ms, obj);
            return ms.GetBuffer();
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 将bytes转换为对象
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="bytes"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static T ToObject<T>(this byte[] bytes) where T : class
    {
        if (bytes == null)
            return default(T);
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream(bytes))
        {
            var formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
            return formatter.Deserialize(ms) as T;
        }
    }
}

6. 使用示例:

        #region 生产者
        var producer = new ActiveMQProducer();
        producer.BrokerUri = @"tcp://127.0.0.1:61616/";
        producer.UserName = "admin";
        producer.Password = "admin";
        producer.QueueName = "TestQueueName";
        producer.MQMode = MQMode.Queue;

        producer.Open();
        var message = new DataCenterMessage()
        {
            //初始化业务数据对象...
        };

        //发送到队列, Put对象类必须使用[Serializable]注解属性
        producer.Put(message);
        #endregion

        #region 消费者
        var consumer = new ActiveMQConsumer();
        consumer.BrokerUri = @"tcp://127.0.0.1:61616/";
        consumer.UserName = "admin";
        consumer.Password = "admin";
        consumer.QueueName = "TestQueueName";
        consumer.MQMode = MQMode.Queue;

        consumer.OnMessageReceived = (msg) =>
        {
            var bytesMessage = msg as ActiveMQBytesMessage;
            if (bytesMessage != null)
            {
                var buffer = new byte[bytesMessage.BodyLength];
                bytesMessage.WriteBytes(buffer);
                var result = buffer.ToObject<DataCenterMessage>();
                Debug.WriteLine(result);
            }
        };

        consumer.OnDataCenterMessageReceived = (msg) =>
        {
            Debug.Write(msg);
        };

        consumer.Open();
        consumer.StartListen();
posted @ 2017-10-13 10:47 A_ning 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏