CentOS安装Git实现多人同步开发

描  述

要开发一个”cms系统“,有2个人分别是:晓飞, 盈月。要求使用Git来进行版本控制。

项目信息

版本控制:Git

项目名称:cms

开发人员:xiaofei,yingyue

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概  要

1、服务器上安装Git依赖及Git

2、创建Git用户及所属组

3、安装Git客户端并生成公钥

4、创建证书登录

5、服务器上初始化Git仓库

6、使用Git Bash克隆服务器上的空仓库

7、将本地库项目推送到服务器

8、导入本地Git库的项目到eclipse

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1、服务器上安装Git依赖及Git

安装Git依赖

注:yum install curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel perl-devel是一次性安装也可以一个一个安装
[root@localhost zhoujianxu]# yum install curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel perl-devel
[root@localhost zhoujianxu]# yum install curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel perl-devel
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.zju.edu.cn
 * updates: ftp.isu.edu.tw
base                                                             | 3.7 kB     00:00     
extras                                                           | 3.3 kB     00:00     
updates                                                          | 3.4 kB     00:00     
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package expat-devel.i686 0:2.0.1-11.el6_2 will be installed
---> Package gettext-devel.i686 0:0.17-18.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: gettext-libs = 0.17-18.el6 for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: gettext = 0.17-18.el6 for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgettextsrc-0.17.so for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgettextpo.so.0 for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgettextlib-0.17.so for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcj_bc.so.1 for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libasprintf.so.0 for package: gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686
---> Package libcurl-devel.i686 0:7.19.7-52.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libcurl = 7.19.7-52.el6 for package: libcurl-devel-7.19.7-52.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libidn-devel for package: libcurl-devel-7.19.7-52.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: automake for package: libcurl-devel-7.19.7-52.el6.i686
---> Package openssl-devel.i686 0:1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: openssl = 1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3 for package: openssl-devel-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686
--> Processing Dependency: krb5-devel for package: openssl-devel-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686
---> Package perl-devel.i686 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl = 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1 for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl(ExtUtils::ParseXS) for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl(ExtUtils::MakeMaker) for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl(ExtUtils::Installed) for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: gdbm-devel for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: db4-devel for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686
---> Package zlib-devel.i686 0:1.2.3-29.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package automake.noarch 0:1.11.1-4.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: autoconf >= 2.62 for package: automake-1.11.1-4.el6.noarch
---> Package db4-devel.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: db4-cxx = 4.7.25-20.el6_7 for package: db4-devel-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: db4 = 4.7.25-20.el6_7 for package: db4-devel-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libdb_cxx-4.7.so for package: db4-devel-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686
---> Package gdbm-devel.i686 0:1.8.0-39.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: gdbm = 1.8.0-39.el6 for package: gdbm-devel-1.8.0-39.el6.i686
---> Package gettext.i686 0:0.17-18.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: cvs for package: gettext-0.17-18.el6.i686
---> Package gettext-libs.i686 0:0.17-18.el6 will be installed
---> Package krb5-devel.i686 0:1.10.3-57.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: krb5-libs = 1.10.3-57.el6 for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux-devel for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libcom_err-devel for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: keyutils-libs-devel for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686
---> Package libcurl.i686 0:7.19.7-35.el6 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libcurl = 7.19.7-35.el6 for package: curl-7.19.7-35.el6.i686
---> Package libcurl.i686 0:7.19.7-52.el6 will be an update
---> Package libgcj.i686 0:4.4.7-17.el6 will be installed
---> Package libidn-devel.i686 0:1.18-2.el6 will be installed
---> Package openssl.i686 0:1.0.0-27.el6 will be updated
---> Package openssl.i686 0:1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3 will be an update
---> Package perl.i686 4:5.10.1-129.el6 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: perl = 4:5.10.1-129.el6 for package: 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-129.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl = 4:5.10.1-129.el6 for package: 3:perl-version-0.77-129.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl = 4:5.10.1-129.el6 for package: 4:perl-libs-5.10.1-129.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl = 4:5.10.1-129.el6 for package: 1:perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-129.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl = 4:5.10.1-129.el6 for package: 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-129.el6.i686
---> Package perl.i686 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1 will be an update
---> Package perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker.i686 0:6.55-141.el6_7.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Test::Harness) for package: perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-141.el6_7.1.i686
---> Package perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.i686 1:2.2003.0-141.el6_7.1 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package autoconf.noarch 0:2.63-5.1.el6 will be installed
---> Package curl.i686 0:7.19.7-35.el6 will be updated
---> Package curl.i686 0:7.19.7-52.el6 will be an update
---> Package cvs.i686 0:1.11.23-16.el6 will be installed
---> Package db4.i686 0:4.7.25-17.el6 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: db4 = 4.7.25-17.el6 for package: db4-utils-4.7.25-17.el6.i686
---> Package db4.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7 will be an update
---> Package db4-cxx.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7 will be installed
---> Package gdbm.i686 0:1.8.0-36.el6 will be updated
---> Package gdbm.i686 0:1.8.0-39.el6 will be an update
---> Package keyutils-libs-devel.i686 0:1.4-5.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: keyutils-libs = 1.4-5.el6 for package: keyutils-libs-devel-1.4-5.el6.i686
---> Package krb5-libs.i686 0:1.10.3-10.el6 will be updated
---> Package krb5-libs.i686 0:1.10.3-57.el6 will be an update
---> Package libcom_err-devel.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libcom_err = 1.41.12-22.el6 for package: libcom_err-devel-1.41.12-22.el6.i686
---> Package libselinux-devel.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux = 2.0.94-7.el6 for package: libselinux-devel-2.0.94-7.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libsepol-devel >= 2.0.32-1 for package: libselinux-devel-2.0.94-7.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(libsepol) for package: libselinux-devel-2.0.94-7.el6.i686
---> Package perl-Module-Pluggable.i686 1:3.90-129.el6 will be updated
---> Package perl-Module-Pluggable.i686 1:3.90-141.el6_7.1 will be an update
---> Package perl-Pod-Escapes.i686 1:1.04-129.el6 will be updated
---> Package perl-Pod-Escapes.i686 1:1.04-141.el6_7.1 will be an update
---> Package perl-Pod-Simple.i686 1:3.13-129.el6 will be updated
---> Package perl-Pod-Simple.i686 1:3.13-141.el6_7.1 will be an update
---> Package perl-Test-Harness.i686 0:3.17-141.el6_7.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-libs.i686 4:5.10.1-129.el6 will be updated
---> Package perl-libs.i686 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1 will be an update
---> Package perl-version.i686 3:0.77-129.el6 will be updated
---> Package perl-version.i686 3:0.77-141.el6_7.1 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package db4-utils.i686 0:4.7.25-17.el6 will be updated
---> Package db4-utils.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7 will be an update
---> Package keyutils-libs.i686 0:1.4-4.el6 will be updated
---> Package keyutils-libs.i686 0:1.4-5.el6 will be an update
---> Package libcom_err.i686 0:1.41.12-14.el6 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libcom_err = 1.41.12-14.el6 for package: libss-1.41.12-14.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libcom_err = 1.41.12-14.el6 for package: e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-14.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libcom_err = 1.41.12-14.el6 for package: e2fsprogs-1.41.12-14.el6.i686
---> Package libcom_err.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6 will be an update
---> Package libselinux.i686 0:2.0.94-5.3.el6 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux = 2.0.94-5.3.el6 for package: libselinux-utils-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux = 2.0.94-5.3.el6 for package: libselinux-python-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686
---> Package libselinux.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6 will be an update
---> Package libsepol-devel.i686 0:2.0.41-4.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package e2fsprogs.i686 0:1.41.12-14.el6 will be updated
---> Package e2fsprogs.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6 will be an update
---> Package e2fsprogs-libs.i686 0:1.41.12-14.el6 will be updated
---> Package e2fsprogs-libs.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6 will be an update
---> Package libselinux-python.i686 0:2.0.94-5.3.el6 will be updated
---> Package libselinux-python.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6 will be an update
---> Package libselinux-utils.i686 0:2.0.94-5.3.el6 will be updated
---> Package libselinux-utils.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6 will be an update
---> Package libss.i686 0:1.41.12-14.el6 will be updated
---> Package libss.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================
 Package                     Arch       Version                       Repository   Size
========================================================================================
Installing:
 expat-devel                 i686       2.0.1-11.el6_2                base        121 k
 gettext-devel               i686       0.17-18.el6                   base        154 k
 libcurl-devel               i686       7.19.7-52.el6                 base        247 k
 openssl-devel               i686       1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3             updates     1.2 M
 perl-devel                  i686       4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1          base        424 k
 zlib-devel                  i686       1.2.3-29.el6                  base         44 k
Installing for dependencies:
 autoconf                    noarch     2.63-5.1.el6                  base        781 k
 automake                    noarch     1.11.1-4.el6                  base        550 k
 cvs                         i686       1.11.23-16.el6                base        699 k
 db4-cxx                     i686       4.7.25-20.el6_7               base        606 k
 db4-devel                   i686       4.7.25-20.el6_7               base        6.6 M
 gdbm-devel                  i686       1.8.0-39.el6                  base         26 k
 gettext                     i686       0.17-18.el6                   base        1.8 M
 gettext-libs                i686       0.17-18.el6                   base        110 k
 keyutils-libs-devel         i686       1.4-5.el6                     base         29 k
 krb5-devel                  i686       1.10.3-57.el6                 base        503 k
 libcom_err-devel            i686       1.41.12-22.el6                base         32 k
 libgcj                      i686       4.4.7-17.el6                  base         17 M
 libidn-devel                i686       1.18-2.el6                    base        137 k
 libselinux-devel            i686       2.0.94-7.el6                  base        137 k
 libsepol-devel              i686       2.0.41-4.el6                  base         64 k
 perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker     i686       6.55-141.el6_7.1              base        294 k
 perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS       i686       1:2.2003.0-141.el6_7.1        base         46 k
 perl-Test-Harness           i686       3.17-141.el6_7.1              base        232 k
Updating for dependencies:
 curl                        i686       7.19.7-52.el6                 base        197 k
 db4                         i686       4.7.25-20.el6_7               base        580 k
 db4-utils                   i686       4.7.25-20.el6_7               base        129 k
 e2fsprogs                   i686       1.41.12-22.el6                base        555 k
 e2fsprogs-libs              i686       1.41.12-22.el6                base        128 k
 gdbm                        i686       1.8.0-39.el6                  base         29 k
 keyutils-libs               i686       1.4-5.el6                     base         20 k
 krb5-libs                   i686       1.10.3-57.el6                 base        778 k
 libcom_err                  i686       1.41.12-22.el6                base         37 k
 libcurl                     i686       7.19.7-52.el6                 base        176 k
 libselinux                  i686       2.0.94-7.el6                  base        109 k
 libselinux-python           i686       2.0.94-7.el6                  base        200 k
 libselinux-utils            i686       2.0.94-7.el6                  base         82 k
 libss                       i686       1.41.12-22.el6                base         42 k
 openssl                     i686       1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3             updates     1.5 M
 perl                        i686       4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1          base        9.7 M
 perl-Module-Pluggable       i686       1:3.90-141.el6_7.1            base         40 k
 perl-Pod-Escapes            i686       1:1.04-141.el6_7.1            base         33 k
 perl-Pod-Simple             i686       1:3.13-141.el6_7.1            base        213 k
 perl-libs                   i686       4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1          base        594 k
 perl-version                i686       3:0.77-141.el6_7.1            base         52 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================
Install      24 Package(s)
Upgrade      21 Package(s)

Total download size: 47 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/45): autoconf-2.63-5.1.el6.noarch.rpm                         | 781 kB     00:01     
(2/45): automake-1.11.1-4.el6.noarch.rpm                         | 550 kB     00:00     
(3/45): curl-7.19.7-52.el6.i686.rpm                              | 197 kB     00:00     
(4/45): cvs-1.11.23-16.el6.i686.rpm                              | 699 kB     00:01     
(5/45): db4-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686.rpm                             | 580 kB     00:00     
(6/45): db4-cxx-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686.rpm                         | 606 kB     00:00     
(7/45): db4-devel-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686.rpm                       | 6.6 MB     00:10     
(8/45): db4-utils-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686.rpm                       | 129 kB     00:00     
(9/45): e2fsprogs-1.41.12-22.el6.i686.rpm                        | 555 kB     00:00     
(10/45): e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-22.el6.i686.rpm                  | 128 kB     00:00     
(11/45): expat-devel-2.0.1-11.el6_2.i686.rpm                     | 121 kB     00:00     
(12/45): gdbm-1.8.0-39.el6.i686.rpm                              |  29 kB     00:00     
(13/45): gdbm-devel-1.8.0-39.el6.i686.rpm                        |  26 kB     00:00     
(14/45): gettext-0.17-18.el6.i686.rpm                            | 1.8 MB     00:02     
(15/45): gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686.rpm                      | 154 kB     00:00     
(16/45): gettext-libs-0.17-18.el6.i686.rpm                       | 110 kB     00:00     
(17/45): keyutils-libs-1.4-5.el6.i686.rpm                        |  20 kB     00:00     
(18/45): keyutils-libs-devel-1.4-5.el6.i686.rpm                  |  29 kB     00:00     
(19/45): krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686.rpm                       | 503 kB     00:00     
(20/45): krb5-libs-1.10.3-57.el6.i686.rpm                        | 778 kB     00:01     
(21/45): libcom_err-1.41.12-22.el6.i686.rpm                      |  37 kB     00:00     
(22/45): libcom_err-devel-1.41.12-22.el6.i686.rpm                |  32 kB     00:00     
(23/45): libcurl-7.19.7-52.el6.i686.rpm                          | 176 kB     00:00     
(24/45): libcurl-devel-7.19.7-52.el6.i686.rpm                    | 247 kB     00:00     
(25/45): libgcj-4.4.7-17.el6.i686.rpm                            |  17 MB     00:28     
(26/45): libidn-devel-1.18-2.el6.i686.rpm                        | 137 kB     00:00     
(27/45): libselinux-2.0.94-7.el6.i686.rpm                        | 109 kB     00:00     
(28/45): libselinux-devel-2.0.94-7.el6.i686.rpm                  | 137 kB     00:00     
(29/45): libselinux-python-2.0.94-7.el6.i686.rpm                 | 200 kB     00:00     
(30/45): libselinux-utils-2.0.94-7.el6.i686.rpm                  |  82 kB     00:00     
(31/45): libsepol-devel-2.0.41-4.el6.i686.rpm                    |  64 kB     00:00     
(32/45): libss-1.41.12-22.el6.i686.rpm                           |  42 kB     00:00     
(33/45): openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686.rpm                      | 1.5 MB     01:17     
(34/45): openssl-devel-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686.rpm                | 1.2 MB     01:07     
(35/45): perl-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm                        | 9.7 MB     00:15     
(36/45): perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm       | 294 kB     00:00     
(37/45): perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm     |  46 kB     00:00     
(38/45): perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm         |  40 kB     00:00     
(39/45): perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm              |  33 kB     00:00     
(40/45): perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm               | 213 kB     00:00     
(41/45): perl-Test-Harness-3.17-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm             | 232 kB     00:00     
(42/45): perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm                  | 424 kB     00:00     
(43/45): perl-libs-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm                   | 594 kB     00:00     
(44/45): perl-version-0.77-141.el6_7.1.i686.rpm                  |  52 kB     00:00     
(45/45): zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.i686.rpm                        |  44 kB     00:00     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                   218 kB/s |  47 MB     03:41     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Updating   : libcom_err-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                      1/66 
  Updating   : libselinux-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                        2/66 
  Updating   : db4-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                            3/66 
  Updating   : keyutils-libs-1.4-5.el6.i686                                        4/66 
  Installing : keyutils-libs-devel-1.4-5.el6.i686                                  5/66 
  Installing : libcom_err-devel-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                6/66 
  Installing : libidn-devel-1.18-2.el6.i686                                        7/66 
  Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.i686                                        8/66 
  Installing : libsepol-devel-2.0.41-4.el6.i686                                    9/66 
  Updating   : krb5-libs-1.10.3-57.el6.i686                                       10/66 
  Updating   : libcurl-7.19.7-52.el6.i686                                         11/66 
  Updating   : gdbm-1.8.0-39.el6.i686                                             12/66 
  Installing : gdbm-devel-1.8.0-39.el6.i686                                       13/66 
  Installing : libselinux-devel-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                 14/66 
  Updating   : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-141.el6_7.1.i686                           15/66 
  Updating   : 4:perl-libs-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686                                16/66 
  Updating   : 1:perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-141.el6_7.1.i686                      17/66 
  Updating   : 3:perl-version-0.77-141.el6_7.1.i686                               18/66 
  Updating   : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-141.el6_7.1.i686                            19/66 
  Updating   : 4:perl-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686                                     20/66 
  Installing : autoconf-2.63-5.1.el6.noarch                                       21/66 
  Installing : automake-1.11.1-4.el6.noarch                                       22/66 
  Installing : cvs-1.11.23-16.el6.i686                                            23/66 
  Installing : gettext-0.17-18.el6.i686                                           24/66 
  Installing : krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686                                      25/66 
  Updating   : openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686                                     26/66 
  Updating   : e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                 27/66 
  Updating   : libss-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                          28/66 
  Installing : db4-cxx-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                       29/66 
  Installing : db4-devel-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                     30/66 
  Installing : perl-Test-Harness-3.17-141.el6_7.1.i686                            31/66 
  Installing : perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-141.el6_7.1.i686                      32/66 
  Installing : 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686                               33/66 
  Installing : 1:perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-141.el6_7.1.i686                  34/66 
  Installing : libgcj-4.4.7-17.el6.i686                                           35/66 
  Installing : gettext-libs-0.17-18.el6.i686                                      36/66 
  Installing : openssl-devel-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686                               37/66 
  Installing : libcurl-devel-7.19.7-52.el6.i686                                   38/66 
  Installing : expat-devel-2.0.1-11.el6_2.i686                                    39/66 
  Installing : gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686                                     40/66 
  Updating   : e2fsprogs-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                      41/66 
  Updating   : curl-7.19.7-52.el6.i686                                            42/66 
  Updating   : db4-utils-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                     43/66 
  Updating   : libselinux-python-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                44/66 
  Updating   : libselinux-utils-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                 45/66 
  Cleanup    : e2fsprogs-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                      46/66 
  Cleanup    : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-129.el6.i686                               47/66 
  Cleanup    : 1:perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-129.el6.i686                          48/66 
  Cleanup    : 3:perl-version-0.77-129.el6.i686                                   49/66 
  Cleanup    : 4:perl-libs-5.10.1-129.el6.i686                                    50/66 
  Cleanup    : 4:perl-5.10.1-129.el6.i686                                         51/66 
  Cleanup    : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-129.el6.i686                                52/66 
  Cleanup    : curl-7.19.7-35.el6.i686                                            53/66 
  Cleanup    : libcurl-7.19.7-35.el6.i686                                         54/66 
  Cleanup    : openssl-1.0.0-27.el6.i686                                          55/66 
  Cleanup    : krb5-libs-1.10.3-10.el6.i686                                       56/66 
  Cleanup    : e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                 57/66 
  Cleanup    : libss-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                          58/66 
  Cleanup    : libselinux-utils-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                               59/66 
  Cleanup    : libselinux-python-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                              60/66 
  Cleanup    : db4-utils-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                                       61/66 
  Cleanup    : db4-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                                             62/66 
  Cleanup    : libselinux-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                                     63/66 
  Cleanup    : libcom_err-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                     64/66 
  Cleanup    : keyutils-libs-1.4-4.el6.i686                                       65/66 
  Cleanup    : gdbm-1.8.0-36.el6.i686                                             66/66 
  Verifying  : cvs-1.11.23-16.el6.i686                                             1/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-141.el6_7.1.i686                   2/66 
  Verifying  : gettext-0.17-18.el6.i686                                            3/66 
  Verifying  : curl-7.19.7-52.el6.i686                                             4/66 
  Verifying  : keyutils-libs-devel-1.4-5.el6.i686                                  5/66 
  Verifying  : openssl-devel-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686                                6/66 
  Verifying  : keyutils-libs-1.4-5.el6.i686                                        7/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-141.el6_7.1.i686                             8/66 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-libs-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686                                 9/66 
  Verifying  : libcom_err-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                     10/66 
  Verifying  : db4-devel-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                     11/66 
  Verifying  : automake-1.11.1-4.el6.noarch                                       12/66 
  Verifying  : libsepol-devel-2.0.41-4.el6.i686                                   13/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                       14/66 
  Verifying  : gdbm-devel-1.8.0-39.el6.i686                                       15/66 
  Verifying  : libcom_err-devel-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                               16/66 
  Verifying  : gdbm-1.8.0-39.el6.i686                                             17/66 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686                               18/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-141.el6_7.1.i686                      19/66 
  Verifying  : db4-utils-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                     20/66 
  Verifying  : zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.i686                                       21/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-python-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                22/66 
  Verifying  : gettext-libs-0.17-18.el6.i686                                      23/66 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-5.10.1-141.el6_7.1.i686                                     24/66 
  Verifying  : autoconf-2.63-5.1.el6.noarch                                       25/66 
  Verifying  : e2fsprogs-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                      26/66 
  Verifying  : libidn-devel-1.18-2.el6.i686                                       27/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-devel-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                 28/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-utils-2.0.94-7.el6.i686                                 29/66 
  Verifying  : libgcj-4.4.7-17.el6.i686                                           30/66 
  Verifying  : perl-Test-Harness-3.17-141.el6_7.1.i686                            31/66 
  Verifying  : e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                 32/66 
  Verifying  : db4-cxx-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                       33/66 
  Verifying  : perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-141.el6_7.1.i686                      34/66 
  Verifying  : krb5-libs-1.10.3-57.el6.i686                                       35/66 
  Verifying  : krb5-devel-1.10.3-57.el6.i686                                      36/66 
  Verifying  : gettext-devel-0.17-18.el6.i686                                     37/66 
  Verifying  : libss-1.41.12-22.el6.i686                                          38/66 
  Verifying  : libcurl-devel-7.19.7-52.el6.i686                                   39/66 
  Verifying  : openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686                                     40/66 
  Verifying  : db4-4.7.25-20.el6_7.i686                                           41/66 
  Verifying  : libcurl-7.19.7-52.el6.i686                                         42/66 
  Verifying  : expat-devel-2.0.1-11.el6_2.i686                                    43/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-141.el6_7.1.i686                           44/66 
  Verifying  : 3:perl-version-0.77-141.el6_7.1.i686                               45/66 
  Verifying  : 3:perl-version-0.77-129.el6.i686                                   46/66 
  Verifying  : gdbm-1.8.0-36.el6.i686                                             47/66 
  Verifying  : openssl-1.0.0-27.el6.i686                                          48/66 
  Verifying  : e2fsprogs-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                      49/66 
  Verifying  : db4-utils-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                                       50/66 
  Verifying  : keyutils-libs-1.4-4.el6.i686                                       51/66 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-libs-5.10.1-129.el6.i686                                    52/66 
  Verifying  : libss-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                          53/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                                     54/66 
  Verifying  : e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                 55/66 
  Verifying  : curl-7.19.7-35.el6.i686                                            56/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-129.el6.i686                               57/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-utils-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                               58/66 
  Verifying  : libselinux-python-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                              59/66 
  Verifying  : libcom_err-1.41.12-14.el6.i686                                     60/66 
  Verifying  : krb5-libs-1.10.3-10.el6.i686                                       61/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-129.el6.i686                          62/66 
  Verifying  : db4-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                                             63/66 
  Verifying  : libcurl-7.19.7-35.el6.i686                                         64/66 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-5.10.1-129.el6.i686                                         65/66 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-129.el6.i686                                66/66 

Installed:
  expat-devel.i686 0:2.0.1-11.el6_2         gettext-devel.i686 0:0.17-18.el6           
  libcurl-devel.i686 0:7.19.7-52.el6        openssl-devel.i686 0:1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3     
  perl-devel.i686 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1      zlib-devel.i686 0:1.2.3-29.el6             

Dependency Installed:
  autoconf.noarch 0:2.63-5.1.el6                                                        
  automake.noarch 0:1.11.1-4.el6                                                        
  cvs.i686 0:1.11.23-16.el6                                                             
  db4-cxx.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7                                                        
  db4-devel.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7                                                      
  gdbm-devel.i686 0:1.8.0-39.el6                                                        
  gettext.i686 0:0.17-18.el6                                                            
  gettext-libs.i686 0:0.17-18.el6                                                       
  keyutils-libs-devel.i686 0:1.4-5.el6                                                  
  krb5-devel.i686 0:1.10.3-57.el6                                                       
  libcom_err-devel.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6                                                
  libgcj.i686 0:4.4.7-17.el6                                                            
  libidn-devel.i686 0:1.18-2.el6                                                        
  libselinux-devel.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6                                                  
  libsepol-devel.i686 0:2.0.41-4.el6                                                    
  perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker.i686 0:6.55-141.el6_7.1                                       
  perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.i686 1:2.2003.0-141.el6_7.1                                     
  perl-Test-Harness.i686 0:3.17-141.el6_7.1                                             

Dependency Updated:
  curl.i686 0:7.19.7-52.el6                                                             
  db4.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7                                                            
  db4-utils.i686 0:4.7.25-20.el6_7                                                      
  e2fsprogs.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6                                                       
  e2fsprogs-libs.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6                                                  
  gdbm.i686 0:1.8.0-39.el6                                                              
  keyutils-libs.i686 0:1.4-5.el6                                                        
  krb5-libs.i686 0:1.10.3-57.el6                                                        
  libcom_err.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6                                                      
  libcurl.i686 0:7.19.7-52.el6                                                          
  libselinux.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6                                                        
  libselinux-python.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6                                                 
  libselinux-utils.i686 0:2.0.94-7.el6                                                  
  libss.i686 0:1.41.12-22.el6                                                           
  openssl.i686 0:1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3                                                      
  perl.i686 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1                                                        
  perl-Module-Pluggable.i686 1:3.90-141.el6_7.1                                         
  perl-Pod-Escapes.i686 1:1.04-141.el6_7.1                                              
  perl-Pod-Simple.i686 1:3.13-141.el6_7.1                                               
  perl-libs.i686 4:5.10.1-141.el6_7.1                                                   
  perl-version.i686 3:0.77-141.el6_7.1                                                  

Complete!
[root@localhost zhoujianxu]#
执行过程

安装Git

 如果不知道你要安装包的具体名称,可以使用yum provides */name 进行查找系统自带软件包的信息(这一步不是必须);

   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# yum provides */git

[root@localhost zhoujianxu]# yum provides */git
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.bit.edu.cn * extras: ftp.sjtu.edu.cn * updates: ftp.ksu.edu.tw git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686 : Fast Version Control System Repo : base Matched from: Filename : /etc/bash_completion.d/git Filename : /usr/libexec/git-core/git Filename : /usr/bin/git gitweb-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.noarch : Simple web interface to git repositories Repo : base Matched from: Filename : /var/www/git git-daemon-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686 : Git protocol dæmon Repo : base Matched from: Filename : /var/lib/git Filename : /etc/xinetd.d/git emacs-git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.noarch : Git version control system support for Emacs Repo : base Matched from: Filename : /usr/share/emacs/site-lisp/git [root@localhost zhoujianxu]#

  安装git 执行命令 yum install -y git (-y表示安装过程中不需要手动确认可以不加那么安装过程中需要输入y手动回车确认)

  [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# yum install -y git

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.bit.edu.cn
 * extras: ftp.sjtu.edu.cn
 * updates: ftp.ksu.edu.tw
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package git.i686 0:1.7.1-4.el6_7.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl-Git = 1.7.1-4.el6_7.1 for package: git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Git) for package: git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Error) for package: git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libssl.so.10(libssl.so.10) for package: git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libcrypto.so.10(libcrypto.so.10) for package: git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package openssl.i686 0:1.0.0-27.el6 will be updated
---> Package openssl.i686 0:1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3 will be an update
---> Package perl-Error.noarch 1:0.17015-4.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Git.noarch 0:1.7.1-4.el6_7.1 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================
 Package             Arch            Version                     Repository        Size
========================================================================================
Installing:
 git                 i686            1.7.1-4.el6_7.1             base             4.5 M
Installing for dependencies:
 perl-Error          noarch          1:0.17015-4.el6             base              29 k
 perl-Git            noarch          1.7.1-4.el6_7.1             base              28 k
Updating for dependencies:
 openssl             i686            1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3           updates          1.5 M

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================
Install       3 Package(s)
Upgrade       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 6.1 M
Downloading Packages:
(1/4): git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686.rpm                              | 4.5 MB     00:16     
(2/4): openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686.rpm                        | 1.5 MB     01:29     
(3/4): perl-Error-0.17015-4.el6.noarch.rpm                       |  29 kB     00:00     
(4/4): perl-Git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.noarch.rpm                       |  28 kB     00:00     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                    51 kB/s | 6.1 MB     02:01     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : 1:perl-Error-0.17015-4.el6.noarch                                    1/5 
  Updating   : openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686                                       2/5 
  Installing : git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686                                             3/5 
  Installing : perl-Git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.noarch                                      4/5 
  Cleanup    : openssl-1.0.0-27.el6.i686                                            5/5 
  Verifying  : perl-Git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.noarch                                      1/5 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Error-0.17015-4.el6.noarch                                    2/5 
  Verifying  : openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.i686                                       3/5 
  Verifying  : git-1.7.1-4.el6_7.1.i686                                             4/5 
  Verifying  : openssl-1.0.0-27.el6.i686                                            5/5 

Installed:
  git.i686 0:1.7.1-4.el6_7.1                                                            

Dependency Installed:
  perl-Error.noarch 1:0.17015-4.el6          perl-Git.noarch 0:1.7.1-4.el6_7.1         

Dependency Updated:
  openssl.i686 0:1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3                                                      

Complete!
[root@localhost zhoujianxu]#

完成;

2、创建”用户组“和”用户“,用来运行git服务。

 创建用户组

   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# groupadd java_team

  创建用户并yingyue添加到名为”java_team“的组中

   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# adduser yingyue -g java_team

   为用户名为yingyue的用户设置密码

 [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# passwd yingyue
   Changing password for user git.
   New password:
   Retype new password:
   passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]#

   创建第二个用户xiaofei

   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# groupadd java_team

  xiaofei”java_team“的组中

   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# adduser xiaofei -java_team

   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]# passwd xiaofei

   Changing password for user xiaofei.
   New password: 
   Retype new password: 
   passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
   [root@localhost zhoujianxu]#

3、安装Git客户端并生成公钥:

安装Git客户端(开发人员安装)

下载地址https://git-scm.com/downloads 目前最新版本为:Git-2.10.2-64-bit.exe

生成公钥

方式一:图形界面Git GUI方式

右键Git GUI here

 

点击Help--》Generate Key生成SSHkey

 

如下

这时.ssh目录下就有了公钥(id_rsa.pub)和私钥(id_rsa)

方式二:使用Git Bash通过ssh-keygen命令生成, ssh-keygen -t rsa   参数-t rsa 意思是以rsa的加密方式生成秘钥对, 不是必须。

打开Git Bash进入.ssh目录如果没有可以手动建

4、创建证书登录

4.1、在用户yingyue.ssh目录下创建authorized_keys文件

收集所有需要登录的用户的公钥,公钥位于id_rsa.pub文件中,把我们的公钥导入到/home/yingyue/.ssh/authorized_keys文件里,一行一个。

如果没有该文件创建它(.ssh为隐藏文件夹可以使用ls -la 或 ll 命令查看):

[root@localhost zhoujianxu]# cd /home/yingyue/
[root@localhost yingyue]# ls
[root@localhost yingyue]# mkdir .ssh
[root@localhost yingyue]# ls
[root@localhost yingyue]# ls -la
total 32
drwx------. 5 yingyue java_team 4096 Nov 12 22:48 .
drwxr-xr-x. 4 root    root      4096 Nov 12 22:12 ..
-rw-r--r--. 1 yingyue java_team   18 Feb 21  2013 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r--. 1 yingyue java_team  176 Feb 21  2013 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r--. 1 yingyue java_team  124 Feb 21  2013 .bashrc
drwxr-xr-x. 2 yingyue java_team 4096 Nov 11  2010 .gnome2
drwxr-xr-x. 4 yingyue java_team 4096 Nov 12 19:25 .mozilla
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root    root      4096 Nov 12 22:48 .ssh
[root@localhost yingyue]# chmod 700 .ssh
[root@localhost yingyue]# touch .ssh/authorized_keys
[root@localhost yingyue]# chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys
[root@localhost yingyue]#

注:chmod命令详解

在linux系统中,我们经常会通过chmod命令来更改文档所属的权限,格式为:chmod abc file 

其中a,b,c各为一个数字,分别表示User、Group、及Other的权限。

在解释上述命令之前,我们先来了解一下unix系统家族中,对用户权限的划分在yingyue账户下新建一个文件,test.txt 然后我们用ls -a 来查看

[root@localhost yingyue]# ls -la test.txt
drwxr-xr-x.2 root root 0 Nov 14 10:16 test.txt
可以看到,之前有-rwxr-xr-x这样一串字符。第一位为文件类型,之后每三位在一起分别代表用户的权限(User)、组的权限(group)、其他用户的权限(Other)

其结构如下图所示:

r=4,w=2,x=1
若要rwx属性则4+2+1=7 
若要rw-属性则4+2=6
若要r-x属性则4+1=5
如下图:

chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys 表示只有所属用户对.ssh目录下的authorized_keys具有读写权限没有执行权限,Group和Other没有权限。

-rw------- (600) -- 只有属主有读写权限
-rw-r--r-- (644) -- 只有属主有读写权限;而属组用户和其他用户只有读权限。
-rwx------ (700) -- 只有属主有读、写、执行权限。
-rwxr-xr-x (755) -- 属主有读、写、执行权限;而属组用户和其他用户只有读、执行权限。
-rwx--x--x (711) -- 属主有读、写、执行权限;而属组用户和其他用户只有执行权限。
-rw-rw-rw- (666) -- 所有用户都有文件读、写权限。这种做法不可取。
-rwxrwxrwx (777) -- 所有用户都有读、写、执行权限。更不可取的做法。
以下是对目录的两个普通设定:

drwx------ (700) - 只有属主可在目录中读、写。
drwxr-xr-x (755) - 所有用户可读该目录,但只有属主才能改变目录中的内容。

Linux/Unix 的档案调用权限分为三级 : 档案拥有者、群组、其他。利用 chmod 可以藉以控制档案如何被他人所调用。

4.2、将id_rsa_yingyue.pub 公钥添加到authorized_keys文件中

收集所有需要登录的用户(即:开发人员 xiaofei,yingyue)的公钥,把我们的公钥导入到/home/yingyue/.ssh/authorized_keys文件里,一行一个。(注:公钥可以发给管理员管理员通过Xshell或文件传输工具传到服务器通过 vi 或 cat 命令进行合并即可,cat控制台查看  >> 或 tee 表示输入到目标文件中)如下:

将yingyue的公钥添加到authorized_key中:

[root@localhost yingyue]# cat /home/pubkeys/id_rsa_yingyue.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys

将yingyue的公钥添加到authorized_key中:

[root@localhost xiaofen]# cat /home/pubkeys/id_rsa_xiaofei.pub | tee .ssh/authorized_keys

5、服务器上初始化Git仓库(即:在服务器上创建一个空的仓库

首先选定一个目录作为Git仓库假设是git_respository那么我的想法是这样的这这个文件夹下可以创建多个git仓库通过不同的命名来区分仓库作用。

结构图如下:

从上图可知cms项目在cms_repo.git这个库,路径为/home/git_repository/cms_repo.git,下面就在git_repository目录下初始化一个空的仓库cms_repo.git

[root@localhost yingyue]# cd /home
[root@localhost home]# mkdir git_repository
[root@localhost home]# ls
git_repository
[root@localhost home]# chown yingyue:java_team git_repository
[root@localhost home]# cd git_repository/
[root@localhost git_repository]# git init --bare cms_repo.git
Initialized empty Git repository in /home/git_repository/cms_repo.git/
[root@localhost git_repository]# ls
cms_repo.git
[root@localhost git_repository]#

chow 命令详解:

chown将指定文件的拥有者改为指定的用户或组(即:修改文件目录属主),用户可以是用户名或者用户ID;组可以是组名或者组ID;文件是以空格分开的要改变权限的文件列表,支持通配符。系统管理员经常使用chown命令,在将文件拷贝到另一个用户的名录下之后,让用户拥有使用该文件的权限。

  1.命令格式:chown [选项]... [所有者][:[组]] 文件...

  2.命令功能:
    通过chown改变文件的拥有者和群组。在更改文件的所有者或所属群组时,可以使用用户名称和用户识别码设置。普通用户不能将自己的文件改变成其他的拥有者。其操作权限一般为管理员

如下图:

chown yingyue:java_team git_repository 表示将git_repository目录的权限更改为当前所属用户为yingyue所属组为java_team,如下图:

chown命令的参数-R表示向下递归改变目录的所属用户和所属组,chown -R yingyue:java_team cms_repo.git 表示将cms_repo.git目录的权限向下递归更改为所属用户为yingyue所属组为java_team。

[root@localhost git_repository]# chown -R yingyue:java_team cms_repo.git
[root@localhost git_repository]# 

如下图:

这一步很重要

给yingyue对git_repository目录 可读,可写,可执行 的权限;对cms_repo.git目录及子目录 可读,可写,可执行的权限。(rwx用数字7表示)

给xiaofei对cms_repo.git目录及子目录 可读,可写,可执行的权限,xiaofei在java_team里所以该组的权限即可。              ( rwx用数字7表示 )

给其他用户对cms_repo.git目录及子目录 可读 的权限。                              ( r - -用数字4表示 )

chmod 774 -R cms_repo.git

 落下一步,将git_repository目录权限改为 yingyue 拥有 可读,可写,可执行 权限;java_team组 拥有 可读,可执行 权限;其他用户没有权限;

chmod 750 git_repository

这时用户名为zhoujianxu的用户对git_repository没有任何权限了

6、使用Git Bash克隆服务器上的空仓库

仓库地址:git@192.168.42.129:/home/git_repository/cms_repo.git

 现在Git服务器上已经有了空仓库cms_repo.git 那么yingyue想把eclipse中的cms项目传到仓库中,步骤如下:

进入本地磁盘F盘右键Git Bash Here

格式git clone [user@]example.com:/*/*.git/

执行 git clone yingyue@192.168.42.129:/home/git_repository/cms_repo.git

仓库已经克隆到yingyue的本地磁盘F

同时在本地磁盘的.ssh目录下多了个文件known_hosts

这个文件是纪录连到对方时,对方给的 host key。每次连线时都会检查目前对方给的 host key 与纪录的 host key 是否相同,可以简单验证连结是否又被诈骗等相关事宜。

注:克隆版本库的时候,所使用的远程主机自动被Git命名为origin。如果想用其他的主机名,需要用git clone命令的-o选项指定(可以使用git remote命令查看,添加,修改,删除远程主机)。

例如:
$ git clone -o jQuery https://github.com/jquery/jquery.git $ git remote jQuery
表示克隆的时候,指定远程主机叫做jQuery

   git clone支持多种协议,除了HTTP(s)以外,还支持SSH、Git、本地文件协议等,下面是一些例子。

$ git clone http[s]://example.com/*/*/*.git/
$ git clone ssh://example.com/*/*/*.git/
$ git clone git://example.com/*/*/*.git/
$ git clone /opt/git/project.git 
$ git clone file:///opt/git/project.git
$ git clone ftp[s]://example.com/*/*/*.git/
$ git clone rsync://example.com/*/*/*.git/

ssh协议还有另一种写法
$ git clone [user@]example.com:*/*/*.git/

来试一下用户zhoujianxu可以克隆吗?上面已经设置设置了对git_repository目录的访问权限,所以zhoujianxu是没法克隆的 如下图;

7、将本地库项目推送到服务器

 将eclipse中的cms项目复制到cms_repo目录

进入cms_repo目录并查看远程主机名(默认为origin)

可以使用git remote rename命令用于远程主机的改名,格式为:

$ git remote rename <原主机名> <新主机名>

 不改了就用默认。

 执行git add .把整个cms项目内文件的信息添加到索引库中,使用git commit命令提交。(git将依据索引库中的内容来进行文件的提交)

执行git push -u origin master命令将本地cms_repository库的文件提交到远程服务器

8、导入本地Git库的项目到eclipse

 

下一步

下一步

下一步

点击Finish完后选中cms_repo点击Next

下一步

点击Finish完成,如下图项目已经成功导入到eclipse中。

添加了新的文件需要提交,右键-->Team--Synchronize Workspace进行同步,类似svn的同步。

填写用户名密码

下一步

双击IssueController.java查看变化的内容

因为添加了新文件索引要为新文件添加索引选中项目右键-->Add to Index

看看图标都变了

提交项目

下一步Git Staging(Git工作台)

下一步

点击OK将本地Git库代码推送到服务器如下图是提交后的项目:

 

yingyue的eclipse导入cms项目完成;

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

下面xiaofei开始导入项目到eclipse(xiaofei使用的是Windows XP系统)

 注意:因为xiaofei是普通的开发人员而yingyue既是开发人员又是Linux系统管理员,所以xiaofei只需要将公钥给系统管理员然后系统管理员将xiaofei的公钥放到/home/xiaofei/.ssh/authorized_keys即可

xiaofei选择Clone URI从服务器上直接导入如下图:

点击Next填写链接信息protocol选择ssh协议端口默认22

 点击Next

选择master分支后点击Next

点击Finish引入项目到eclipse

xiaofei添加了新代码并提交

点击OK

点击OK后xiaofei完成了提交

这时yingyue就可以看到xiaofei提交的代码了

完成

————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

 

提示:如果报这个错

error: insufficient permission for adding an object to repository database ./objects

说明远程服务器的目录权限还不够

终极必杀技是使用

chmod 777 -R 库地址

更改,例如:

chmod 777 -R ../cms_repo.git/

另外还要注意每个人的Git版本要一致, eclipse的egit插件也要一致,否则会报奇奇怪怪的错。

 ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

 

最最后一步禁用shell登录:

出于安全考虑,创建的git用户不允许登录shell,这可以通过编辑/etc/passwd文件完成。找到类似下面的一行:

git:x:1001:1001:,,,:/home/禁止shell登录的用户名:/bin/bash

改为
git:x:1001:1001:,,,:/home/禁止shell登录的用户名:/usr/bin/git-shell

如下, 设置xiaofei不可登录远程主机

 vi /etc/passwd

:wq保存并退出,当xiaofei在登录时 What do you think I am? A shell?

这样,git用户可以正常通过ssh使用git,但无法登录shell,因为我们为git用户指定的git-shell每次一登录就自动退出。不是更安全吗?

 

 

————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

2016年11月18日 12:32:25 补充

当xiaofei修改了代码push到服务器上后,yingyue更新代码后也修改了代码这时yingyue提交,发现push失败,提示objects目录下有文件没有写入权限。

情况与下面的这段场景相似:

最近给公司部署了 git 服务器(CentOS 6.3),由于之前没有配置 git server 的经验,搞了半天才把配置搞定。这里就不讲配置的问题了。创建了账户、项目并设置 git 权限后,使用 a 账号开始测试。一切正常,没有问题。

第二天上班,给同事建了个账号 b(a,b 账号同在 git 用户组),出现问题了,pull 正常, push 失败,提示 objects 目录下有文件没有写入权限。

果断 ssh 上服务器,把账号 a 和 b 都放到 git 用户组。继续测试,还是报错。没办法,只好一路 cd 到 objects 下,ll,发现有些文件没有对同组用户开启 w 权限。想了想,用“linux 创建文件默认权限”作为关键词 Google 了一下,看了几篇文章,了解了 umask 命令。

 

解决办法:

设置umask

/etc/profile和/etc/bashrc都可以用于设置用户登录系统时自动执行某些操作,他们的区别是/etc/profile只在用户第一次登录时被执行,而/etc/bashrc则在用户每次登录加载Bash Shell时都会被执行。

因而,如果是修改/etc/profile文件,将只对新创建的用户生效;而如果是修改/etc/bashrc文件,则对所有用户都生效。

 

如下:

[root@localhost cms_repo.git]# vi /etc/bashrc

 

改后

 OK;

posted @ 2016-11-13 11:25 周建旭 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏