CentOS5.1下跑Mono和Asp.net

  由于想研究在linux下跑.net程序的可行性,于是尝试在CentOS5.1下搭建Mono环境和Asp.Net的服务器。Asp.Net的服务器是采用mod_mono和Apache的方式搭建(Nginx的搭建尚未研究)。

 

下载编译环境:

yum install gcc bison pkgconfig glib2-devel gettext make httpd-devel gcc-c++ libstdc++-devel

 

下载并解压源代码:

wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/mono/mono-2.6.3.tar.bz2
wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/mod_mono/mod_mono-2.6.3.tar.bz2
wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/xsp/xsp-2.6.3.tar.bz2

tar -jxvf mono-2.6.3.tar.bz2
tar -jxvf xsp-2.6.3.tar.bz2
tar -jxvf mod_mono-2.6.3.tar.bz2

 

安装mono环境:

cd /root/mydir/mono-2.6.3
./configure --prefix=/opt/mono; make ; make install
echo export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/opt/mono/lib/pkgconfig:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH>>~/.bash_profile
echo export PATH=/opt/mono/bin:$PATH>>~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile

 

安装xsp:

cd /root/mydir/xsp-2.6.3
./configure --prefix=/opt/mono; make ; make install

 

安装mod_mono:

先用find / -iname apr*config命令查找出“--with-apr-config=/usr/bin/apr-1-config”(不知道--with-apr-config=/usr/bin/apr-1-config有什么用,好像不要也可以,麻烦知道的告诉一下小弟)

再执行下面的命令:
cd /root/mydir/mod_mono-2.6.3
./configure --prefix=/opt/mono --with-mono-prefix=/opt/mono --with-apr-config=/usr/bin/apr-1-config; make ; make install

cp /etc/httpd/conf.d/ /etc/httpd/conf/mod_mono.conf

 

selinux阻止了httpd对mod-mono-server的访问,所以执行下面的语句:

setsebool -P httpd_disable_trans=1

 

重启httpd服务器:
service httpd restart

 

在防火墙中开启80端口,允许同一个Lan的其他机器访问:

方法1.在不使用图形界面工具的时候,通过关闭防火墙来实现允许开放80端口

service iptables stop

(PS:我尝试过下面的方法,

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

添加:-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

service iptables restart

虽然在iptables -L中看到http

但无法从其他机器访问该服务器。

如果有谁成功,请告知小弟):

 

方法2.在安装有图形界面工具的情况下,用startx进入图形界面,用“Security Level and Firewall”开启80端口。

 

安装libgdiplus(xsp的测试页面中,有很多都需要libgdiplus):
yum install httpd build-essential gcc bzip bison pkgconfig glib-devel \
glib2-devel httpd-devel libpng-devel libX11-devel freetype fontconfig \
pango-devel ruby ruby-rdoc gtkhtml38-devel wget

wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/libgdiplus/libgdiplus-2.6.2.tar.bz2
tar -jxvf libgdiplus-2.6.2.tar.bz2

cd /root/mydir/libgdiplus-2.6.2
./configure
make ; make install
echo export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH >>~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile

 

vi /opt/mono/etc/mono/config
添加节点:<dllmap dll="gdiplus.dll" target="/usr/lib/libgdiplus.so.0" />

否则会出现DllNotFoundException的异常。

 

测试:

一、测试mono

a.运行mono -V输出:

Mono JIT compiler version 2.6.3 (tarball Fri Apr  2 06:13:46 CST 2010)
Copyright (C) 2002-2010 Novell, Inc and Contributors. http://www.mono-project.com/
        TLS:           __thread
        GC:            Included Boehm (with typed GC and Parallel Mark)
        SIGSEGV:       altstack
        Notifications: epoll
        Architecture:  x86
        Disabled:      none

b.运行mono-test-install输出:

Active Mono: /opt/mono/bin/mono

Your have a working System.Drawing setup
Your file system watcher is: System.IO.InotifyWatcher

 

二、测试Asp.Net服务器

a.测试是否能够执行aspx:

  在/var/www/html/目录下建一个test.aspx页面,内容为

     <%="Hello World!"%>

  通过wget http://localhost/test.aspx来下载该页面的内容。

 

b.测试同一个Lan下其他机器能否访问:

  用其他机器的浏览器打开http://<你的ip>/test.aspx

 

c.跑xsp自带的测试程序(多点几个页面,查看是否会出现gdiplus.dll DllNotFoundException的一场):

1.修改Apache的配置,开放防火墙8080端口

Listen 8080
NameVirtualHost *:8080

<VirtualHost *:8080>
    ServerAdmin hlfstephen@gmail.com
    DocumentRoot /var/www/test/
    ServerName local.mydomain.com
    ErrorLog logs/local.mydomain.com-error_log
    CustomLog logs/local.mydomain.com common
</VirtualHost>

2.复制/opt/mono/lib/xsp/test目录到var/www/下

3.service httpd restart

4.用浏览器打开 http://<你的ip>:8080/

 

参考:
http://blog.rubypdf.com/2009/10/23/how-to-install-mono-2-4-2-3-on-centos-5/
http://blog.rubypdf.com/2009/10/23/how-to-install-xsp-and-integrate-xsp-with-apache-2-under-centos-5/
http://blog.bennyland.com/2010/02/06/serving-asp-net-pages-in-apache-on-centos-5/
http://mingster.com/site/?q=content/mono-2x-centos-5
http://mono-project.com/DllNotFoundException
http://mono-project.com/Config_DllMap

posted @ 2010-04-03 16:04 Stephen.Huang 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏